Download Chapter 2 - The Brain (Part II)

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Transcript
Chapter and Topic of this Review Guide:
Chapter 2 (Second Half) – The Brain
Vocab Term
Definition of Term
Example
Hypothalamus
Neural structure below the thalamus;
directs several maitnance activities
(eating, drinking), helps govern the
endocrine system via the pituitary
gland, and is linked to emotion and
reward.
The intricate fabric of interconnected
neural cells covering the cerebral
hemispheres; the body’s ultimate
control and information-processing
center
Cells in the nervous system that
support, nourish, and protect neurons
Portion of the cerebral cortex lying just
behind the forehead; involved in
speaking and muscle movements and
in making plans and judgments.
Portion of the cerebral cortex lying at
the top of the head and toward the rear;
receives sensory input for touch and
body position.
Portion of the cerebral cortex lying at
the back of the head; includes areas
that receive information from the
visual fields.
Portion of the cerebral cortex lying
roughly above the ears; includes the
auditory areas, each receiving
information primarily from the
opposite ear
An area at the rear of the frontal lobes
that controls voluntary movements.
Area at the front of the parietal lobes
that registers and processes body touch
and movement sensations.
Areas of the cerebral cortex that are
not involved in primary motor or
sensory functions’ rather, they are
involved in higher mental functions
such as learning, remembering,
thinking, and speaking.
The brain’s ability to change,
especially during childhood, by
reorganizing after damage or by
building new pathways based on
experience.
The large band of neural fibers
connecting the two brain hemispheres
and carrying messages between them.
A condition resulting from surgery that
isolates the brain’s two hemispheres by
cutting the fibers (mainly those of the
corpus callosum) connecting them.
N/A
Cerebral Cortex
Glial cells (glia)
Frontal Lobes
Parietal Lobes
Occipital Lobes
Temporal Lobes
Motor Cortex
Sensory Cortex
Association areas
Plasticity
Corpus Callosum
Split brain
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N/A
N/A
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N/A
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Don’t forget to know Sperry and Gazzaniga’s split-brain studies (HE.ART)
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Phineas Gage
Left handedness