Neurophysiology - American Physiological Society
... types of sensory receptors serving the Dorsal Column-Medial Lemniscus system and the spinothalamic system, respectively.
NEU 48. Describe the steps in sensory transduction and action potential generation at a
mechanoreceptor and at a nociceptor.
NEU 49. Use the Weber-Fechner Law to determine the rel ...
Electronic Mail and its Possible Negative Aspects in Organizational Contexts
... thoughtfulness and wisdom in the area of computer-mediated communication in general and e-mail use in particular. I am very grateful that you made
this journey a positive experience.
However, without financial support this work could not have been
completed. Therefore I am indebted to the Knowledge ...
Consulta: repository:"192" Registros recuperados: 900 Máximo de
... To contribute on the evaluative process of searching the appropriate designing paradigms as a mechanical engineer, I bring up in
this paper some of my ideas about the robot hand design concretely. While the designs of my robot hands may seem to be filled
with eccentric, vagarious and serendipitous i ...
querying description logic knowledge bases
... Description Logics  are knowledge representation languages with a formally
defined syntax and semantics. A Description Logic allows for the specification
of concepts (also known as classes), individuals (also known as objects) that
are instances of these concepts, and roles (also known as propert ...
Emotional experiences of tension and suspense: psychological
... advice, and continuous support. I am also very grateful to Prof. Dr. Arthur Jacobs for his
support and for accepting to be the second reviewer of this thesis. I also thank Prof. Dr.
Winfried Menninghaus, Dr. Martin Rohrmeier, and Philipp Engel for their help and advice in
the context of the “Aesthet ...
Anatomy & Physiology I
... the pen remains still, they will
stop firing almost right away. The
Merkel’s and Ruffini endings will
continue to fire to let you know
that something is still there.
a memetics compendium - Open Semiotics Resource Center
... Cultural information units that are the smallest elements that replicate themselves with
reliability and fecundity
A rule of behavior, encoded by functional neuronal groups or pathways. [Behavior is
action, whether mental or physical. Ideas such as tying shoe-laces or opening a door
represent ru ...
The OfficeScan Agent
... New in this Release ........................................................................................ 1-2
Key Features and Benefits ............................................................................. 1-8
Understanding the process of multisensory integration
... Understanding the principles by which the brain combines information from different
senses provides us with insight into the computational strategies used to maximize
their utility. Prior studies of the superior colliculus (SC) neuron as a model suggest
that the relative timing with which sensory cu ...
the Report - The Lasker Foundation
... viewing an entire line of letters, it is tempting to provide just one letter or picture at a time, but single
letter optotypes will overestimate visual acuity in amblyopic eyes. If it is not possible to present a full
line of letters, it is acceptable to instead surround an individual letter with “c ...
Aalborg Universitet Staging Mobilities / Designing Mobilities Jensen, Ole B.
... 6. How are infrastructures of the network city creating new cultural practices and ways of using
the city, and how are they creating mechanisms of social exclusion and power?
The work is anchored in a cross-disciplinary institutional context of an urban design research
environment hosted within an a ...
VALUING DISTRIBUTIVE EQUALITY by CLAIRE ANITA BREMNER
... reduced in the literature to discussions of the form that distributive equality might take,
including what aspect of distributive shares should be equalized and the relative
importance to attach to such equality. Instead, I will focus on principles which regulate
distributive shares and on the value ...
Effects of Residual Inhibition Phenomenon on Early Auditory Evoked
... Tinnitus is “the conscious experience of a sound that originates in an involuntary manner in the
head of its owner or may appear to him to be so” (McFadden, 1982). It can be considered also as
an auditory phantom perception. People who are suffering from tinnitus usually complain
significant accompa ...
CURRICULUM VITAE - University of Memphis
... SHORT BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH
Dr. Graesser is a professor in the Department of Psychology and the Institute of
Intelligent Systems at the University of Memphis, as well as an Honorary Research
Fellow at University of Oxford. He received his Ph.D. in psychology from the University
of California at San Di ...
The Social Organisation of Science as a Question for
... nevertheless, share two common features. First, they are introduced as an attempt to provide a
more adequate account of science in which the recognition that science is in some sense social
plays a crucial role. Second, they use such an account to justify the desirability, or the
necessity, of chang ...
possibilistic logic - an overview
... Note also that we only have N (A ∪ B) ≥ max(N (A), N (B)). This goes well
with the idea that one may be certain about the event A ∪ B, without being
really certain about more specific events such as A and B.
Certainty qualification Human knowledge is often expressed in a declarative way using statem ...
... query, to which we want the answer
• ie: [I should wear a coat]?
– note: this would read easier in English as “should I wear a coat”,
but we want to use the same propositional symbol as is in our
AI IN PAYMENTS: THE LAST MILE IN EFFICIENCY
... While the use of AI in our everyday lives is growing, we all also feel that AI has
much further to go – which can make it easy to forget how much benefit can
already be derived from these technologies in today’s payments environment.
Certainly we are a long way from developing general purpose intell ...
Understanding Adult ADD
... until a few years ago---that of a hyperactive young boy who was disruptive in class, never did his
homework, and presented behavioral problems at home, at school, and on the playground.
It is quite possible to do well in school despite ADD if you are non-hyperactive, have
high intelligence, and have ...
AAAI News - Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence
... the social sciences, with work drawing upon network science,
machine learning, computational linguistics, sociology and communication. The broad goal of ICWSM is to increase understanding of
social media in all its incarnations. Submissions describing research
that blends social science and computat ...
FNIRS Measures of Prefrontal Cortex Lateralization During Stuttered
... AWS will present with greater right-hemisphere PFC oxygenation relative to TS in a
habitual or everyday speaking task (2) AWS will present with reduced right-hemisphere
PFC activation (leftward shift in laterality more similar to TS) during fluency-enhanced
speech strategy tasks relative to a habitu ...
Perceiving and Reasoning about a Changing World1
... world. Third, the world changes. The agent must be able to make inferences that
enable it to keep track of an evolving world. For this it must be able to reason
about both persistence and change, using knowledge of causal processes. Building
an artificial agent that is able to perform these cognitiv ...
Thinking Inside the Box: Controlling and Using an
... For we have yet to quantify the level of distortion and simplification that is permitted
in the OAI’s answers, nor have we even rigorously defined the terms “distortion” and
“simplification” in a way that non-human entities could understand. Even intuitively,
we find these terms ambiguous. And even ...
Embodied cognitive science
For approaches to cognitive science that emphasize the embodied mind, see Embodied cognitionEmbodied Cognitive Science is an interdisciplinary field of research, the aim of which is to explain the mechanisms underlying intelligent behavior. It comprises three main methodologies: 1) the modeling of psychological and biological systems in a holistic manner that considers the mind and body as a single entity, 2) the formation of a common set of general principles of intelligent behavior, and 3) the experimental use of robotic agents in controlled environments.Embodied cognitive science borrows heavily from embodied philosophy and the related research fields of cognitive science, psychology, neuroscience and artificial intelligence. From the perspective of neuroscience, research in this field was led by Gerald Edelman of the Neurosciences Institute at La Jolla, the late Francisco Varela of CNRS in France, and J. A. Scott Kelso of Florida Atlantic University. From the perspective of psychology, research by Michael Turvey, Lawrence Barsalou and Eleanor Rosch. From the perspective of language acquisition, Eric Lenneberg and Philip Rubin at Haskins Laboratories. From the perspective of autonomous agent design, early work is sometimes attributed to Rodney Brooks or Valentino Braitenberg. From the perspective of artificial intelligence, see Understanding Intelligence by Rolf Pfeifer and Christian Scheier or How the body shapes the way we think, also by Rolf Pfeifer and Josh C. Bongard. From the perspective of philosophy see Andy Clark, Shaun Gallagher, and Evan Thompson.Turing proposed that a machine may need a human-like body to think and speak:It can also be maintained that it is best to provide the machine with the best sense organs that money can buy, and then teach it to understand and speak English. That process could follow the normal teaching of a child. Things would be pointed out and named, etc. Again, I do not know what the right answer is, but I think both approaches should be tried (Turing, 1950).↑