... Hao Wang Ph. D.
Institute of neuroscience
Chapter 2 Summary
... Two other ways of assessing brain function are through studying people with brain
damage or well-known changes in function (e.g., the elderly)
... The neural basis of learning
• Experience and Learning result in a
direct event in the nervous system
• Every brain is wired differently
How Does the Brain Work?
... Throughout the brain, neurons communicate with one another through interlocking circuits. When a
neuron is stimulated, it generates a tiny electrical current, which passes down a fiber, or axon. The end
of the axon releases neurotransmitters —chemicals that cross a microscopic gap, or synapse — to
Notes-Brain and Memory
... Damage to both sides of the hippocampus can stop the ability to form new memories,
known as anterograde amnesia
Sample Questions for Evaluation #1 – General
... Sample Questions for Evaluation #1 – General Psychology
1. The self-examination of one's own emotional and mental processes is called:
c) cognitive neuroscience.
2. Humanistic psychologists focused attention on the importance of people's:
a) potential f ...
WebQuest * Human Senses
... a. What structures integrate taste into memories and where are these structures found?
The Nervous System
... • Can cause headache,
memory loss, brain damage
46 Chapter Review: Fill-in-the
... deficiency of it is associated with Parkinson's disease, and anoversensitivity to it is associated with some
cases of schizophrenia.
control voluntary body mo;'ements, speech production, and such functions as
thinking, motivation, planning for the future, impulse control, and emotional respo ...
specimen jar craft - National Wildlife Federation
... The brain is an organ that serves as the center of the nervous system in all vertebrate and most invertebrate animals—only a few invertebrates such as sponges,
jellyfish, adult sea squirts and starfish do not have a brain, even if diffuse neural tissue is present.
It is located in the head, usually ...
... 3. junction between the axon tip of the sending neuron
and the dendrite or cell body of the receiving neuron
4. an impairment of language as a result of damage to
any of several cortical areas
9. located at the back of the frontal lobe, the part of
the cortex that controls voluntary movement
10. Lim ...
... • Once in place, neurons first grow an axon and
Quiz Chapter 3 Brain Neural Communication Dr Myer How do
... How do scientists learn about the inner workings of the human brain?
Who is Phinneas Gage? How is what happened to him significant for neuroscience?
You will need to know the structures and their functions of the brain as discussed in the video.
What study methods will you use to remember this ...
PPT Guide Brain Development
... There is a fivefold increase in the number of dendrites in cortex from birth to age 2 years, as a result
approximately ___________________ new connections may be established per neuron.
This is called “___________________________”
These connections are necessary because ____________ and ____________ ...
AP 1st Q Round 1
... brain uses electrodes to
measure electrical brain wave
... motor cortex
and spinal cord; named for
a famous baseball player.
Introduction to drugs and the brain
... Drugs Can Change Brain Circuitry
Drugs can “hijack” the brain’s natural connections and
change them, which can cause a variety of consequences
Holonomic brain theory
The holonomic brain theory, developed by neuroscientist Karl Pribram initially in collaboration with physicist David Bohm, is a model of human cognition that describes the brain as a holographic storage network. Pribram suggests these processes involve electric oscillations in the brain's fine-fibered dendritic webs, which are different from the more commonly known action potentials involving axons and synapses. These oscillations are waves and create wave interference patterns in which memory is encoded naturally, and the waves may be analyzed by a Fourier transform. Gabor, Pribram and others noted the similarities between these brain processes and the storage of information in a hologram, which can also be analyzed with a Fourier transform. In a hologram, any part of the hologram with sufficient size contains the whole of the stored information. In this theory, a piece of a long-term memory is similarly distributed over a dendritic arbor so that each part of the dendritic network contains all the information stored over the entire network. This model allows for important aspects of human consciousness, including the fast associative memory that allows for connections between different pieces of stored information and the non-locality of memory storage (a specific memory is not stored in a specific location, i.e. a certain neuron).