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Transcript
Anatomy BISOT
Name(s): _______________________
Team:_______________________
Multiple Choice
_____1. Nociceptors are responsible for which taste sensation?
a. bitter
b. sour
c. spicy
d. umami
_____2. Which disease of the eye is detected by tonometry?
a. Macular degeneration
b. uveitis
c. glaucoma
d. conjunctivitis
_____3. What portion of the eye is visible?
a. ½
b. ¼
c. 1/5
d. 1/6
_____4. What are the names of the muscles that are attached to the outer surface of the eye and are responsible for allowing the
eyes to follow moving objects?
a. Obicularis oculi
b. extrinsic eye muscles
c. conjunctiva
d. lacrimal apparatus
_____5. What are is the primary function of the conjunctiva?
a. Protect the sclera
b. Lubricate the cornea
c. Produce fluid for the aqueous humor
d. Block passage of fluid back into the eye
_____6. What type of membrane is the conjunctiva?
a. serous
b. parietal
c. synovial
d. ocular
_____7. What is the proper name for the decreasing elasticity of the lens due to the effects of aging?
a. presbyopia
b. astigmatism
c. hyperopia
d. myopia
_____8. What is the enzyme that destroys bacteria on the surface of the eye?
a. lysozyme
b. lacrimal fluid
c. cerumen
d. none of these
_____9. What is the delicate membrane that covers part of the exterior surface of the eyeball?
a. conjunctiva
b. sclera
c. vitreous humor
d. macula
_____10. Which of the following is not a layer of the eyeball?
a. lacrimus
b. choroid
c. sclera
d. retina
_____11. Which part of the eye is considered the “white” of the eye?
a. choroid
b. iris
c. sclera
d. retina
_____12. Where are the rods and cones most concentrated in the retina?
a. At the base of the optical nerve
b. Near the fovea
c. They are located throughout the retina
d. Lon the cornea
_____13. What is caused by unequal curvatures in different parts of the cornea or lens?
a. myopia
b. hyperopia
c. astigmatism
d. colorblindness
_____14. What is a condition that results from the hardening of the lens and causes vision to become hazy?
a. astigmatism
b. glaucoma
c. colorblindness
d. cataracts
_____15. Which major area of the ear is responsible for hearing and equilibrium?
a. inner ear
b. middle ear
c. outer ear
d. all of these
_____16. The shell shaped structure also known as the auricle is the?
a. pinna
b. external auditory canal
c. malleus
d. stapes
_____17. When the sound waves enter the external auditory canal, they then hit the ____.
a. ceruminous glands
b. oval window
c. tympanic membrane
d. auditory tube
_____18. The inner ear structure that resembles a shell and houses multiple receptors is known as the ____.
a. hammer
b. cochlea
c. vestibule
d. semicircular canals
_____19. The structure that contains the hearing receptors is known as the ____.
a. cochlea
b. organ of Corti
c. vestibule
d. stirrup
_____20. This hearing deficit occurs when something interferes with the passage of sound vibrations to the fluids of the inner ear.
a. conduction deafness
b. presbycusis
c. sensorineural deafness
d. vertigo (Meniere’s disease)
_____21. Which structures, located in the superior part of the nasal cavity, aid in your sense of smell?
a. sensorineural receptors
b. olfactory receptors
c. auditory receptors
d. organ of Corti
_____22. Where are sweet receptors located on the tongue?
a. Only on the tip
b. Only on the sides
c. Only in the back
d. All over the tongue
_____23. At which stage of development do the eyes begin to form?
a. by the 2nd week
b. by the 2nd month
c. by the 4th week
d. by the 4th month
_____24. What is the name of the structure that links the middle ear with the throat? What is its function?
a. Cerumen :: line the ear to allow passage of air
b. Eardrum :: articulates sound to ear
c. Pinna :: receives sound from exterior sources
d. auditory tube :: allows balance of air pressure
_____25. How much of taste is smell?
a. 40%
b.
50%
c.
10%
_____26. What sense of taste was most recently discovered as a result of studies of Asian cuisine?
a. wasabi
b. umami
c. edamame
d. Okazaki
d.
80%
Match the disorder to the descriptions
_____27. Conjunctivitis
a. age-related deafness that results in the inability to hear higher frequencies
_____28. Presbycusis
b. The inability to regulate the sense of up or down, causes dizziness
_____29. Tinnitus
c. clouding of the lenses resulting in a loss of the center of vision
_____30. Colorblindness
d. inflammation of the membrane that helps protect the sclera and eyelid
_____31.Cataracts
e. A constant ringing in the ears
ae. the inability to distinguish between certain frequencies of light due to the
absence of certain cone cells
Match the following “common names” to the proper names.
_____32. Hammer
a. stapes
_____33. Anvil
b. hyperopia
_____34. Stirrup
c. cerumen
_____35. Earwax
d. tympanic membrane
_____36. Nearsighted
e. myopia
_____37. Farsighted
ab.. incus
_____38. Conjunctivitis
ac. pinkeye
_____39. Lacrimal secretions
ad. malleus
_____40. Eardrum
ae. tears
Multiple Choice – Choose the letter of choice that best answers the question.
41.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
The ___________ system is the master controlling and communicating system of the body for ____________
changes.
Endocrine::systemic
Cardiovascular::speedy
Nervous::gradual
Skeletal::societal
Integumentary::circulation
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
The peripheral nervous system consists of the:
Nerves that extend from the brain and spinal cord
Spinal cord
Brain and spinal cord
Brain
Associative nerves only
42.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
43.
The central nervous system consists of the:
Nerves that extend from the brain and spinal cord
Spinal cord
Brain stem
Brain and spinal cord
Brain
44.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
The __________ division of the nervous system consists of nerve fibers that carry impulses to the CNS from the
sensory receptors and keeps the CNS constantly informed of the activities going on inside and outside the
body.
Motor
Sensory
Efferent
Somatic
Autonomic
45.
The ____________ division of the nervous system carries impulses from the CNS to the organs, glands, and
muscles to activate them.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Motor
Sensory
Afferent
Different
Parasympathetic
a.
b.
c.
d.
46.
Which of the following does not match its function?
Astrocytes: signaling changes to the neurons
Microglia: cleaning out debris
Oligodendrocytes: protections and insulation
Ependymal cells: circulating cerebrospinal fluid
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
47.
What is the correct path for a nerve signal?
Axon, dendrites, nodes of Ranvier
Body, axon, dendrites,
Axon, body, dendrites
Dendrite, body, axon, synapse
Node of Ranvier, body, axon, dentrites
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
48.
What are the components of the neuron that wrap around and insulate the axons called?
Nissl substance
Nucleus
Node of Ranvier
Schwann cells
Dendrite
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
49.
Neurons that carry impulses from the CNS to the muscles and glands are called:
Sensory
Motor
Efferent
Parasympathetic
B and c are correct
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
50.
Neurons that have only 2 processes and are found only in the eye and ear are called:
Sensory
Motor
Association
Multipolar
Bipolar
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
51.
Rapid, predictable, and involuntary responses to stimuli are called:
Receptors
Transeivers
Reflexes
Impulses
Twitches
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
52.
This section of the brain is divided into the frontal, parietal, occipital, and temporal lobes.
Cerebrum
Cerebellum
Brain Stem
Medulla
Diencephalons
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
53.
Which of the following is NOT a structural feature of a neuron?
Synaptic cleft
Cell body
Dendrites
Axon
Node of Ranvier
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
54.
The three major parts of the brain stem are the:
Cerebrum, cerebellum, and diencephalons
Thalamus, epithalamus, and hypothalamus
Dura mater, arachnoid mater, and pia mater
Midbrain, pons, and medulla oblongata
Basal nuclei, pineal body, and choroids
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
55.
Control of set points like body temperature and blood pressure are functions associated with the:
Medulla oblongata
Cerebellum
Hypothalamus
Thalamus
Cerebrum
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
56.
Which of the following is the correct sequence from outermost to innermost layers of the meninges?
Pia mater, dura mater, arachnoid mater
Pia mater, arachnoid mater, dura mater
Arachnoid mater, dura mater, pia mater
Dura mater, pia mater, arachnoid mater
Dura mater, arachnoid mater, pia mater
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
57.
Which of the following is a traumatic brain injury?
Meningitis
Alzheimer’s disease
Aphasia
Cerebral edema
Parkinson’s disease
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
58.
Afferent nerves are also called:
Motor nerves
Efferent nerves
Mixed nerves
Sensory nerves
Cranial nerves
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
59.
Preparing the body for the “fight-or-flight” response is the role of the:
Sympathetic NS
Cerebrum
Parasympathetic NS
Somatic NS
Afferent NS
60.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Which of the following parts of the brain deals with skeletal muscle movement? Damage to this part could
result in ataxia and loss of muscle tone.
Diencephalons
Midbrain
Cerebellum
Cerebrum
Brain stem
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
61.
Which of the following is NOT a protection/barrier for the CNS?
Pia mater
CSF
Skull
Arachnoid mater
Serotonin uptake inhibitors
62.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
This type of brain injury causes no permanent brain damage but may cause one to “see stars” or lose
consciousness briefly:
Contusion
Concussion
Cerebral edema
Alzheimer’s disease
Multiple sclerosis
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
63.
A person injures his neck and suddenly is paralyzed in his face and neck. What nerves did he most likely injure?
Mixed nerves
Spinal nerves
Cranial nerves
Sensory nerves
Motor nerves
a.
b.
c.
64.
This group of nerves is made of 31 pairs and serves the neck and limbs:
Mixed nerves
d. Sensory nerves
Spinal nerves
e. Motor nerves
Cranial nerves
a.
b.
c.
65.
In 90% of the population, the ____________________ is dominant for speech, writing, and reading.
Frontal Lobe
d. Left Hemisphere
Parietal Lobe
e. Right Hemisphere
Occipital Lobe
Matching – Match the lobe with its correct function.
66.
________ Sense of vision
A.
Frontal Lobe
67.
________ Sense of hearing
B.
Parietal Lobe
68.
________ Sensations from the skin
C.
Occipital Lobe
69.
________ Primary motor area
D.
Temporal Lobe
70.
________ Controls speech and writing
71.
________ Memory of visual scenes and music
72.
________ Concentrating and problem solving
73.
________ Analyzing visual patterns
74.
________ Choosing words to express feelings