Download 2.5 Genetics - Elaine Galvin

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Quantitative trait locus wikipedia, lookup

Human genetic variation wikipedia, lookup

Epigenetics in learning and memory wikipedia, lookup

Nucleosome wikipedia, lookup

Gel electrophoresis of nucleic acids wikipedia, lookup

Zinc finger nuclease wikipedia, lookup

Epigenetics of diabetes Type 2 wikipedia, lookup

United Kingdom National DNA Database wikipedia, lookup

SNP genotyping wikipedia, lookup

Mutation wikipedia, lookup

DNA damage theory of aging wikipedia, lookup

NEDD9 wikipedia, lookup

Epigenetics of neurodegenerative diseases wikipedia, lookup

No-SCAR (Scarless Cas9 Assisted Recombineering) Genome Editing wikipedia, lookup

Gene expression programming wikipedia, lookup

Genetic drift wikipedia, lookup

Genealogical DNA test wikipedia, lookup

Nucleic acid double helix wikipedia, lookup

Gene expression profiling wikipedia, lookup

Genome evolution wikipedia, lookup

Nucleic acid analogue wikipedia, lookup

Cancer epigenetics wikipedia, lookup

Epigenetics of human development wikipedia, lookup

Molecular cloning wikipedia, lookup

Genomics wikipedia, lookup

Cell-free fetal DNA wikipedia, lookup

DNA supercoil wikipedia, lookup

RNA-Seq wikipedia, lookup

Genome (book) wikipedia, lookup

Epigenomics wikipedia, lookup

Population genetics wikipedia, lookup

Cre-Lox recombination wikipedia, lookup

DNA vaccination wikipedia, lookup

Extrachromosomal DNA wikipedia, lookup

Genome editing wikipedia, lookup

Primary transcript wikipedia, lookup

Site-specific recombinase technology wikipedia, lookup

Dominance (genetics) wikipedia, lookup

Non-coding DNA wikipedia, lookup

Genetic engineering wikipedia, lookup

Deoxyribozyme wikipedia, lookup

Nutriepigenomics wikipedia, lookup

Gene wikipedia, lookup

Point mutation wikipedia, lookup

Vectors in gene therapy wikipedia, lookup

Designer baby wikipedia, lookup

Helitron (biology) wikipedia, lookup

History of genetic engineering wikipedia, lookup

Therapeutic gene modulation wikipedia, lookup

Artificial gene synthesis wikipedia, lookup

Microevolution wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
2.5.
Genetics
Definitions
Term
Species
Heredity
Gene Expression
Gene
DNA profiling
Coding dna
Non-coding dna
Definition
Organisms capable of interbreeding and producing fertile offspring.
The passing on of traits from parent to offspring by means of genes
The process of using the information on the gene to make a protein
A unit of DNA which codes for the production of a specific protein
Examining DNA / for a pattern or band / to compare
………………………………………………………….
A method of making a unique pattern of bands from the DNA of a
person, [which can then be used to distinguish that persons DNA
from other DNA]
That part of the chromosome which carries the infomation to make a
protein
That part of the chromosome which does not carry the infomation to
make a protein
Genetic
screening
Transcription
Translation
Testing (people) for the presence of a (specific) gene or
Gamete
Fertilisation
Allele
Homozygous
Heterozygous
Genotype
Phenotype
Dominance
Recessive
A haploid sex cell which is capable of fusion
The fusion of 2[haploid] gametes to form a [diploid] zygote
An alternative form of a gene
Has identical alleles [for a trait]
Has different alleles [for a trait]
The genetic make-up of an individual
Physical appearance of an organism
One allele masks the expression of the other.
Allele whose expression is masked by dominant allele
Incomplete
Dominance
Variation
Neither allele masks the expression of the other.
Mutation
Change in the genetic make up
Genetic
engineering
Evolution
Manipulation or alteration of genes
To establish presence or absence of gene(s)
The process of producing mRNA using DNA as a template.
The process of making a protein using the mRNA code a template
Difference between members of species or population
(Inheritable) change within a population (or species) / in response to
change in the environment / by natural selection/over time
2.5.
Genetics
Define the following terms in the space provided:
Term
Species
Heredity
Gene Expression
Gene
DNA profiling
Coding dna
Non-coding dna
Genetic
screening
Transcription
Translation
Gamete
Fertilisation
Allele
Homozygous
Heterozygous
Genotype
Phenotype
Dominance
Recessive
Incomplete
Dominance
Variation
Mutation
Genetic
engineering
Evolution
Definition
2.5.
Genetics
State the term which may apply to the following definitions
Term
Definition
Organisms capable of interbreeding and producing fertile offspring
The passing on of traits from parent to offspring by means of genes
The process of using the information on the gene to make a protein
A unit of DNA which codes for the production of a specific protein
Examining DNA / for a pattern or band / to compare
………………………………………………………….
A method of making a unique pattern of bands from the DNA of a person,
[which can then be used to distinguish that persons DNA from other DNA]
That part of the chromosome which carries the infomation to make a protein.
That part of the chromosome which does not carry the infomation to make a
protein
Testing (people) for the presence of a (specific) gene or
To establish presence or absence of gene(s)
The process of producing RNA by matching complementary bases from DNA
onto RNA
………………………………………………………..
(Matching) RNA production (notion of both DNA and RNA must be given)
The process of making a protein using the mRNA code a template
A haploid sex cell which is capable of fusion
The fusion of 2[haploid] gametes to form a [diploid] zygote
An alternative form of a gene
Has identical alleles [for a trait]
Has different alleles [for a trait]
The genetic make-up of an individual
Physical appearance of an organism
One allele masks the expression of the other.
Allele whose expression is masked by dominant allele
Neither allele masks the expression of the other.
Difference between members of species or population
Change in the genetic make up
Manipulation or alteration of genes
(Inheritable) change within a population (or species) / in response to change
in the environment / by natural selection/over time