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The brain differs from other biophysical systems it is inherently complex,
dynamic and plastic
… and it can not average effects like in other systems
One cannot ignore complexity of brain with human social environment…. The
complexity of individuals enriches the dynamics of the society of neurons…
Societies of neurons enable the group to learn to successfully function in
unpredictable environments and to create new behaviors under changing
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Attention and perception before and after relativity:
Representational Order to Impressionism, Cubism, Fauvism and Pure Plastic Art
• Simultaneous points of view
• Anti-hierarchical
HON 224 2016
• Experientia.
Neural Networks and Perception
William James, What is Emotion, 1884
“Disembodied emotion is a physical non-entity.”
Our emotional experience occurs before and after one has had the
opportunity of cognition.
Daniel Kahneman, Thinking Fast and Slow, 2012
The experiencing self and the remembering self.
The life of 600,000,000 3-second experiences or with each saccade of
attention lasting 20-200 ms…. We must be able to unconsciously
preferentially select what will be remembered.
The recall of our memory associates the context surrounding the recall of
the memory, the relative nature of expectations and memory.
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Diversity in Emotional (Social) Intelligence
Diversity in Personality Traits
Salovey, P, and John D Mayer. 1990. “Emotional Intelligence.” Imagination, Cognition and Personality 9
(3): 189–211.
Karim, J., and R. Weisz. 2010. “Cross-Cultural Research on the Reliability and Validity of the MayerSalovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT).” Cross-Cultural Research 44 (4) (August 2): 374–
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Growth and neural networks
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Goh, KI, ME Cusick, David Valle, and Albert-László Barabási. 2007. “The Human Disease Network.”
Proceedings of the … 104 (21): 8685–8690.
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A brief history of brain Imaging
American Association for the Advancement of Science et
al. Science 2014;343:600-610
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Published by AAAS
Held, R, and a Hein. 1963. “Movement-Produced Stimulation in the Development of Visually
Guided Behavior.” Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology 56 (5) (October).
of various
quantities are
relative to the
velocities of
2. Space and time
should be
together and in
relation to each
3. The speed of
light is the same
for all observers.
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Neural mapping
Barrel cortex in the rat, showing identical pattern of neurons
to whisker location on face.
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Seung Lab MIT
Eye Wire on-line game
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Allen Institute for Brain Science
Allen Brain Atlas
Brain Explorer 2 open source software.
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CLARITY method
Chung, Kwanghun, Jenelle Wallace, Sung-Yon Kim, Sandhiya
Kalyanasundaram, Aaron S. Andalman, Thomas J. Davidson, Julie J.
Mirzabekov, et al. 2013. “Structural and Molecular Interrogation of
Intact Biological Systems.” Nature (April 10) nature12107.
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The democratic neuron
Chen, Xiaowei, Ulrich Leischner, Nathalie L Rochefort, Israel Nelken, and Arthur Konnerth. 2011.
“Functional Mapping of Single Spines in Cortical Neurons in Vivo.” Nature 475 (7357) (July 28)
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McGilvray, Annabel. “Restoration Project.” Nature 531.3 March (2016): S4–5.
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Domnisoru, Cristina, Amina a Kinkhabwala, and David W Tank. 2013. “Membrane Potential
Dynamics of Grid Cells.” Nature 495 (7440) (March 14).
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Aging neural networks
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The immediacy of facial recognition
Chen, Xiaowei, Ulrich Leischner, Nathalie L Rochefort, Israel Nelken, and Arthur Konnerth. 2011. “Functional
Mapping of Single Spines in Cortical Neurons in Vivo.” Nature 475 (7357) (July 28)
Hoehl, Stefanie, Christine Michel, Vincent M Reid, Eugenio Parise, and Tricia Striano. 2014. “Eye Contact during
Live Social Interaction Modulates Infants’ Oscillatory Brain Activity.” Social Neuroscience 00 (00) (February 7
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How far have we come to understanding the brain?
“Are understanding of the brain is akin to hitting a television when a signal is
lost. It may have an effect but we do not know why. We do not know the
process. The task for this generation is develop conceptual /theoretical tools
for low-level computations to global functions.”
Cristina Domnisoru, 02.22.14 Jacobus Fellowship acceptance speech, Princeton University
Very tight interactions between theory modeling and experiments will
provide missing breakthrough in our understanding of the brain.
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