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Dictionary of World Biography earliest examples of a picture by a famous artist being used for such a purpose. He married (1854) *Ruskinâs former wife, Euphemia (Effie) Gray. After *Leightonâs sudden death in January 1896, Millais was elected President of the Royal Academy, then died himself in August. Miller, Joaquin (Cincinnatus Heine Miller) (1841?1913). American poet. His adventurous life among the Indians is reflected in his Songs of the Sierras (1871). Fleming, G. H., John Everett Millais: A Biography. 1998. Miller, Sir Jonathan Wolfe (1934âÂ ). English director and physician. Educated at Cambridge and London, he appeared with Alan *Bennett, Peter Cook and Dudley Moore in the review Beyond the Fringe 1961â 64. He was an outstanding director of plays and operas, while also teaching and pursuing research in neurophysiology. He wrote books on psychology and physiology and presented many television programs. Millay, Edna St Vincent (Mrs E. J. Boissevain) (1892â1950). American poet. Her verses, often in sonnet form, are intensely lyrical and derive in spirit and technique from the Elizabethans. She also wrote short stories and plays, e.g. The Murder of Lidice (1942), and translated *Baudelaireâs Flowers of Evil. Miller, Arthur (1915â2005). American author. He wrote a number of powerful plays, some of which were filmed. They include All My Sons (1947), Death of a Salesman (which won the 1949 Pulitzer Prize), The Crucible (1953), based on the Salem witch trials, with uncomfortable parallels to McCarthyism (*McCarthy), filmed by a French company as LesÂ Sorcieres de Salem, and A View from the Bridge (1955). He also wrote the novel Focus (1945). He married (1956) the film actor Marilyn *Monroe and following her death wrote After the Fall. Miller, A., Timebends. 1987. Miller, Glenn (1904â1944). American dance-band leader, trombonist and composer. He formed his own band in 1938 and became world famous for a sweet orchestral sound, mainly saxophones, which was unique. He was made leader of the US Air Force Band in Europe during World War II and disappeared on a flight from England to France. His posthumous popularity increased. His style and sound have been widely imitated and reproduced. Miller, Henry (1891â1980). American writer, born in New York. He lived in Paris (1930â39) and later settled in California. His works are largely a passionate indictment of modern, especially American, civilisation, and an equally passionate affirmation of what is called the Bohemian life. His novels (largely works of heightened personal reminiscence) include Tropic of Cancer (1934) and Tropic of Capricorn (1938). Other works include The Colossus of Maroussi (1941), describing travels in Greece, and The AirConditioned Nightmare (1945). The early novels, first published in Paris, were banned as obscene in the US and Britain until 1961. Gordon, W. A., The Mind and Art of Henry Miller. 1968. Miller, Jacques Francis Albert Pierre (1931âÂ ). Australian medical scientist, born in Nice. He discovered the function of the thymus and received the 2001 Copley Medal. 578 Marberry, M., Splendid Poseur. 1953. Miller, J(oseph) Irwin (1909â2004). American industrialist. Educated at Yale, he was a Rhodes Scholar at Oxford. He worked for the Cummins Diesel Engine Co. Inc in Columbus, Indiana, from 1934 and was Chief Executive 1944â77, making it an exemplary employer of women and blacks, promoting the arts, environment and civic improvement. He undertook many commissions for the US Government â on housing, urban affairs, trade, health, money and credit. A gifted linguist, musician and executive member of the World Council of Churches 1961â68, he refused to enter political life. Miller, Stanley Lloyd (1930âÂ ). American chemist. Educated at Chicago, he was a student of *Urey and became a professor at the University of California. He found that by creating a âprimordialâ atmosphere of hydrogen, ammonia and methane, mixing this with distilled water, and exposing the combination to repeated electrical discharges, simple amino acids could be produced, suggesting a likely explanation for the development of life forms on Earth (A.Â I.Â *Oparin). Millerand, (Etienne) Alexandre (1859â1943). French politician. A lawyer, he entered (1885) the Chamber of Deputies as a member of the extreme left and tried to unify the Socialist groups. From 1899 he held several ministerial offices including the Ministry of War at the beginning of World War I. After the war he reorganised the administration of Alsace and Lorraine, regained from the Germans. Elected President in 1920, he was forced to resign (1924) after the âleftâ victory in the parliamentary elections, but became a senator 1925â40. Millet, Jean FranÃ§ois (1814â1875). French painter. The son of a Normandy peasant, he idealised the life of the labourer in such pictures as The Angelus and The Man With a Hoe, painted with a deep religious sense but with a sentimentality which has alienated later generations. He lived for many years (from 1849) at Barbizon, a small town near Fontainebleau which gave its name to the âschoolâ of landscape painters gathered there. He was a profound influence on vanÂ *Gogh.