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Dictionary of World Biography
earliest examples of a picture by a famous artist being
used for such a purpose. He married (1854) *Ruskin’s
former wife, Euphemia (Effie) Gray. After *Leighton’s
sudden death in January 1896, Millais was elected
President of the Royal Academy, then died himself
in August.
Miller, Joaquin (Cincinnatus Heine Miller) (1841?1913). American poet. His adventurous life among
the Indians is reflected in his Songs of the Sierras
Fleming, G. H., John Everett Millais: A Biography.
Miller, Sir Jonathan Wolfe (1934– ). English director
and physician. Educated at Cambridge and London,
he appeared with Alan *Bennett, Peter Cook and
Dudley Moore in the review Beyond the Fringe 1961–
64. He was an outstanding director of plays and
operas, while also teaching and pursuing research in
neurophysiology. He wrote books on psychology and
physiology and presented many television programs.
Millay, Edna St Vincent (Mrs E. J. Boissevain)
(1892–1950). American poet. Her verses, often in
sonnet form, are intensely lyrical and derive in spirit
and technique from the Elizabethans. She also wrote
short stories and plays, e.g. The Murder of Lidice
(1942), and translated *Baudelaire’s Flowers of Evil.
Miller, Arthur (1915–2005). American author. He
wrote a number of powerful plays, some of which
were filmed. They include All My Sons (1947), Death
of a Salesman (which won the 1949 Pulitzer Prize),
The Crucible (1953), based on the Salem witch
trials, with uncomfortable parallels to McCarthyism
(*McCarthy), filmed by a French company as
Les Sorcieres de Salem, and A View from the Bridge
(1955). He also wrote the novel Focus (1945). He
married (1956) the film actor Marilyn *Monroe and
following her death wrote After the Fall.
Miller, A., Timebends. 1987.
Miller, Glenn (1904–1944). American dance-band
leader, trombonist and composer. He formed his
own band in 1938 and became world famous for a
sweet orchestral sound, mainly saxophones, which
was unique. He was made leader of the US Air Force
Band in Europe during World War II and disappeared
on a flight from England to France. His posthumous
popularity increased. His style and sound have been
widely imitated and reproduced.
Miller, Henry (1891–1980). American writer, born
in New York. He lived in Paris (1930–39) and later
settled in California. His works are largely a passionate
indictment of modern, especially American,
civilisation, and an equally passionate affirmation of
what is called the Bohemian life. His novels (largely
works of heightened personal reminiscence) include
Tropic of Cancer (1934) and Tropic of Capricorn
(1938). Other works include The Colossus of Maroussi
(1941), describing travels in Greece, and The AirConditioned Nightmare (1945). The early novels, first
published in Paris, were banned as obscene in the US
and Britain until 1961.
Gordon, W. A., The Mind and Art of Henry Miller.
Miller, Jacques Francis Albert Pierre (1931– ).
Australian medical scientist, born in Nice. He
discovered the function of the thymus and received
the 2001 Copley Medal.
Marberry, M., Splendid Poseur. 1953.
Miller, J(oseph) Irwin (1909–2004). American
industrialist. Educated at Yale, he was a Rhodes
Scholar at Oxford. He worked for the Cummins
Diesel Engine Co. Inc in Columbus, Indiana, from
1934 and was Chief Executive 1944–77, making it an
exemplary employer of women and blacks, promoting
the arts, environment and civic improvement. He
undertook many commissions for the US Government
– on housing, urban affairs, trade, health, money
and credit. A gifted linguist, musician and executive
member of the World Council of Churches 1961–68,
he refused to enter political life.
Miller, Stanley Lloyd (1930– ). American chemist.
Educated at Chicago, he was a student of *Urey and
became a professor at the University of California.
He found that by creating a ‘primordial’ atmosphere
of hydrogen, ammonia and methane, mixing this
with distilled water, and exposing the combination
to repeated electrical discharges, simple amino acids
could be produced, suggesting a likely explanation
for the development of life forms on Earth
(A. I. *Oparin).
Millerand, (Etienne) Alexandre (1859–1943).
French politician. A lawyer, he entered (1885) the
Chamber of Deputies as a member of the extreme left
and tried to unify the Socialist groups. From 1899 he
held several ministerial offices including the Ministry
of War at the beginning of World War I. After the
war he reorganised the administration of Alsace
and Lorraine, regained from the Germans. Elected
President in 1920, he was forced to resign (1924)
after the ‘left’ victory in the parliamentary elections,
but became a senator 1925–40.
Millet, Jean François (1814–1875). French painter.
The son of a Normandy peasant, he idealised the life
of the labourer in such pictures as The Angelus and
The Man With a Hoe, painted with a deep religious
sense but with a sentimentality which has alienated
later generations. He lived for many years (from
1849) at Barbizon, a small town near Fontainebleau
which gave its name to the ‘school’ of landscape
painters gathered there. He was a profound influence
on van *Gogh.