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Dictionary of World Biography complexity. Underlying his cheerful whimsy was a vein of deep mysticism and melancholy, intensified by his unhappy marriage. His law partner and biographer W. H. Herndon wrote, âThat man who thinks that Lincoln calmly gathered his robes about him, waiting for the people to call him, has a very erroneous knowledge of Lincoln. He was always calculating and planning ahead. His ambition was a little engine that he knew no rest.â Not a great administrator but an outstanding moulder of public opinion, he was devout in the manner of an 18th-century deist and had little sympathy for the religion of the Churches. Lincoln had a high-pitched, penetrating voice, awkward hands and movements, and his feet hurt. He was the first bearded president and may have suffered from Marfanâs syndrome (aÂ hereditary heart and bone disease). He left an estate of $90,000. Overwhelmingly, American historians have voted him as the greatest of all US presidents. The Lincoln Memorial in Washington, with its huge statue by Daniel Chester French, was dedicated in 1922. of a European war. He advised the Ford Motor Company and United Airlines during World War II but flew (unofficially) on 50 combat missions in the Pacific. A consultant to Pan American Airways after the war, he received the Pulitzer Prize for The Spirit of St Louis (1953) and was made a brigadier in the USAF reserve by President *Eisenhower (1954). He married Anne Morrow (1906â2001), daughter of US Senator Dwight Morrow. In 1932 their infant son was murdered (1932), a crime for which Bruno Richard Hauptmann was convicted and executed (1936). She wrote books about aviation, including Listen! The Wind (1938), essays and novels. After 1957, Lindbergh adroitly managed to maintain and conceal three families in Germany simultaneously, and to sire seven children. He became actively involved in conservation issues, especially whales and eagles, retired to Hawaii and died there. His son Robert Todd Lincoln (1843â1926) was Secretary of War under *Garfield and *Arthur 1881â 85, Ambassador to London 1889â93 and President of the Pullman Railway Company 1897â1911. Lindemann, Frederick Alexander see Cherwell, 1stÂ Viscount Thomas, B.P., Abraham Lincoln.1952; Vidal, G., Lincoln. 1984; Wills, G., Lincoln at Gettysburg. 1992; Donald, D.H., Lincoln. 1995; Holzer, H., Lincoln at Cooper Union: The Speech That Made Abraham Lincoln President. 2004; Goodwin, D. K., Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln. 2005; White, R. C., A. Lincoln. A Biography. 2009; Gopnik, A., Angels and Ages. 2009. Lind, Jenny (Johanna Maria Lind-Goldschmidt) (1820â1887). Swedish soprano. Long resident in Britain, famed for her brilliant coloratura singing, she was known as the âSwedish nightingaleâ. She performed until 1849 mainly in opera, and later in concerts and oratorios. She married the German conductor and composer Otto Goldschmidt. Her kindness and generosity added to her popularity. Lindbergh, Charles A(ugustus) (1902â1974). American aviator, born in Detroit. His Swedishborn father was a US congressman 1907â17. He achieved unprecedented international fame when he flew TheÂ Spirit of St Louis, a 220 hp monoplane, built by the Ryan Co. of San Diego to his own design, on the first solo non-stop flight across the Atlantic, from Roosevelt Field, New York to Le Bourget, Paris (5809 km â 3610 miles, 33Â½ hours), 20â21 May 1927. The âLone Eagleâ received the Congressional Medal of Honor and decorations from Britain, France and Belgium. He worked (1936â38) with Alexis *Carrel on devising an artificial heart. In 1936 he inspected European air forces, met *Hitler and *Goering in 1938, expressed strong views about German military superiority and joined the âAmerica Firstâ movement which campaigned for US neutrality in the event 506 Berg, A. S., Lindbergh. 1998; Lindbergh, R., Forward From Here. 2008. Lindsay, Norman (Alfred William) (1879â1969). Australian artist and author, born in Creswick, Victoria. He joined the Sydney Bulletin in 1901 and became its chief cartoonist, sharing its racist and ultra-nationalist views. His voluptuous nudes, in water colour, oil, pencil and etching, were deeply controversial. His novels, including A Curate in Bohemia (1913), Redheap (1930), Saturdee (1932) and Age of Consent (1935) challenged middle-class morality. The childrenâs book The Magic Pudding (1918) was his most admired work. His brothers (Sir) Lionel and (Sir) Daryl and sister Ruby were also well known artists. Linklater, Eric (1889â1974). Scottish author. TheÂ best known of his humorous novels include Poetâs Pub (1929), Juan in America (1931), Juan in China (1937) and Private Angelo (1946). Linlithgow, John Adrian Louis Hope, 1st Marquess of (1860â1908). Scottish nobleman. As 7th Earl of Hopetoun, he was a youthful governor of Victoria 1889â95. Appointed first Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia 1901â03, he blundered in nominating the New South Wales Premier, Sir William Lyne, as first prime minister (1901) instead of Edmund *Barton, leader of the federation campaign. The youngest governor-general ever appointed, created marquess in 1902, he became the youngest to die. He served briefly as Secretary of State for Scotland 1905. His son, Victor Alexander John Hope, 2nd Marquess of Linlithgow (1887â1952), having declined appointment as Governor-General of Australia (1935), became an unexpected choice as Viceroy of India 1936â43, the longest term ever served. He faced growing civil disobedience, World War II and *Gandhiâs âQuit Indiaâ campaign (1942).