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Dictionary of World Biography
which he became famous. With the singer and hymn
writer Ira David Sankey (1840–1904), he made
remarkably successful revivalist tours of the US and
Great Britain.
Pollock, J. C., Moody without Sankey. 1964.
Moody, Helen see Wills Moody, Helen
Moon, Sun Myung (1920–2012). Korean religious
leader, born in Sangsan. He founded the Unification
Movement in Seoul in 1954 and migrated to the US
in 1970. He supported *Nixon, *Reagan and both
**Bushes, and ‘The Moonies’ became an influential
pressure group within the religious right.
Moore, George (1852–1933). Irish writer. Life in
Ireland, where his father was a landlord and racehorse
owner, had little appeal to Moore as a youth. He
went to London, joined a bohemian set and when
aged 18, he inherited the family estate, went to Paris
and studied art, with no great success. He returned
to Ireland (1879) with an enthusiasm for the French
Impressionists and the novelist *Zola, who became
his model for a series of realistic novels culminating
in Esther Waters (1894), in which the humiliations
and hardships that follow surrender to passion are, as
in his other novels, the prevailing theme. Meanwhile
Moore’s life was spent between Ireland and London,
where he finally settled (1911). A new phase of his
literary life, an autobiographical one, began in 1888
with the publication of Confessions of a Young Man
followed at intervals by portrayals of himself in later
years, all written in an easy conversational style quite
unlike that of his other works. In his final group of
books the aesthete in George Moore predominates,
the style, smooth and flowing, is everything, and
human warmth is almost lacking. He uses this style
for the reconstruction of old stories and legends, e.g.
The Brook Kerith (1916), Héloise and Abelard (1921)
and Aphrodide in Aulis (1930).
Moore, George Edward (1873–1958). English
philosopher, born in London. Educated at Trinity
College, Cambridge, he was a contemporary
of *Russell on whom he had a significant (but
unreciprocated) influence. Part of the ‘Bloomsbury
set’ in London, he lectured at Cambridge from
1911, was professor of philosophy 1925–39 and
editor of Mind 1921–47. Moore, who distinguished
between knowing and analysing, asserted that what
is commonly understood (appreciated by common
sense) to be the meaning of a term was frequently
at variance with the results achieved by those who
analysed its meaning. He therefore used analysis
not for demonstrating meaning but as a tool for
discovering the component parts of a concept and its
relationship to other concepts. Much of his work was
in the field of ethics, and his principal books were
Principia Ethica (1903) and Philosophical Studies
(1922). He received the OM in 1951.
Moore, Henry Spencer (1898–1986). British
sculptor and graphic artist, born in Castleford,
Yorkshire. Son of a coal miner, he was educated
at Castleford Grammar School, served in France
1917–19 and, after studying at Leeds School of
Art and the Royal College of Art, won a travelling
scholarship (1925). His style verged on the abstract
but he was concerned with the aesthetic problems
of the human figure, a major aim being the relation
of sculpture to natural environment. Thus the
anatomy of his ‘reclining figures’ was so disposed as
to reflect natural landscape forms. Early influences
were African, Mexican and Polynesian sculptures but
any borrowings were adapted to suit his own aims.
Moore showed a deep understanding of the nature of
his material, the importance of the grain in his wood
sculptures providing a striking example. His drawings
of Londoners sheltering in the Underground during
World War II were widely reproduced and he became
a prolific and powerful lithographer and engraver. His
sculptures won first prize at the Biennales at Venice
1948, São Paulo 1953–54 and Tokyo 1959. His Atom
Piece (1964–65) was used as a model for Nuclear
Energy (1964–66) at the University of Chicago.
Generally regarded as the most important sculptor
since *Rodin (and possibly since *Michelangelo),
Moore’s works were prominently displayed in public
places in Britain, the US, Canada, Germany, Italy,
Israel, Japan and Australia. He was awarded the CH
in 1955 and the OM in 1963.
Moore, H., and Hedgecoe, J., Henry Moore. 1986.
Moore, Sir John (1761–1809). British general. After
serving in many parts of the world, including Corsica,
St Lucia in the West Indies, the Helder campaign
in Holland, and in Egypt, he won new fame at
Shorncliffe Camp, Kent, where he proved himself
(1803) one of the most remarkable trainers of troops
in British army history. The rapidly moving light
infantry regiments were his creation and his new drill
system was a major factor in later British successes.
In 1808 he was given command in the Peninsula and
despite Spanish defeats he concealed his whereabouts
from *Napoléon and made a diversionary movement
which delayed and disconcerted Soult while allowing
time for the Spaniards to raise new armies. So much
achieved, he retreated rapidly to the coast at Corunna,
and his troops had already begun to embark when
Soult attacked. He was repulsed with heavy loss but
Moore was killed. His burial on the ramparts of
Corunna was the subject of a famous poem by Charles
Wolfe, ‘Not a drum was heard, not a funeral note …'
Oman, C., Sir John Moore. 1953.
Moore, Marianne Craig (1887–1972). American
poet. She contributed to the imagist poetry magazine
Egoist and edited the Dial 1925–29. Her urbane and
precise poetry first appeared in book form in Poems
(1921), later followed by e.g. Observations (1924).
Hadas, P. W., Moore: Poet of Affection. 1977.