Download Cognitive information processing

yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the workof artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Collective memory wikipedia , lookup

Optimality Theory wikipedia , lookup

Stephen Grossberg wikipedia , lookup

Cognitive neuroscience of music wikipedia , lookup

Cognitive development wikipedia , lookup

Multiple trace theory wikipedia , lookup

Misattribution of memory wikipedia , lookup

Fuzzy-trace theory wikipedia , lookup

Perception wikipedia , lookup

Organizational information theory wikipedia , lookup

Neurophilosophy wikipedia , lookup

Cognitive psychology wikipedia , lookup

Eyewitness memory (child testimony) wikipedia , lookup

Music-related memory wikipedia , lookup

Metamemory wikipedia , lookup

Bioecological model wikipedia , lookup

Memory and aging wikipedia , lookup

Information theory wikipedia , lookup

MOGUL framework wikipedia , lookup

Theory wikipedia , lookup

Atkinson–Shiffrin memory model wikipedia , lookup

Neuroanatomy of memory wikipedia , lookup

Theoretical computer science wikipedia , lookup

Adaptive memory wikipedia , lookup

Mental chronometry wikipedia , lookup

Attenuation theory wikipedia , lookup

Dual process theory wikipedia , lookup

Holonomic brain theory wikipedia , lookup

Embodied cognitive science wikipedia , lookup

Neo-Piagetian theories of cognitive development wikipedia , lookup

Reconstructive memory wikipedia , lookup

Cognitive information
A result of several influences
• Especially:
– Learning theory
• S-R; S-O-R
– Computer science/Information processing
• Turing
• Intelligent machines
– Information theory
• Shannon/Bell Labs
• Sensory input is transformed into meaning
through a series of actions you perform
– Mainly in the brain, but not all
– The processes are in a relatively invariant
– All people follow the same set of processes of
– However, the outcomes can be quite different
Four major types of info processing
Stage theory
Depth of processing theory
Parallel distributed processing theory
Connectionist models
Stage theory
• Argues for three major types of memory
– Sensory memory
– Short-term memory
– Long-term memory
• All information is stored, problem is in
• Retrieval is based on the amount of
elaboration used in processing of
• Perception, attention, labeling, meaning
Parallel distributed processing
• Simultaneous processing by several
different parts of memory system rather
than sequentially
Connectionistic theory
• Information is stored in multiple locations
throughout the brain in the form of
networks of connections
• More connections to a single idea or
concept, the more likely it is to be stored
and retrieved
General principles
• Limited capacity to be actively processed
at a given time
– Bottlenecks
• Control mechanism—part of the system’s
processing capacity must be assigned to a
control mechanism
Source: Huitt