... • CD 13.2 & 13.3 (consolidation)
Brain Jeopardy Game
... This component of shortterm memory is where we
build, take apart, or rework
ideas for eventual storage.
... we build schema, take apart or
rework ideas for eventual storage
somewhere else. Generally
captures our focus and demands
Can handle only
a few items at
Adolescents can process items intently up to 10-20
minutes before becoming fatigued. Adults, up to 45.
Biological Basis of Memory
... o Implicit memories like
memories do still occur showing that these
may not involve the hippocampus but knowing they are there (
memory) does not work showing the hippocampus is involved in these.
3. Infantile Amnesia – Inability to recall events from the first few
Possible Reasons for this ...
Spatial Working Memory
... prefrontal cortex (DLPFC), as opposed to ventral PFC, has been associated more with
spatial memory, in particular in the right hemisphere. However, some current
investigators associated DLPFC more with executive control. DLPFC forms part of a
VWM network that includes a number of areas closely relat ...
... You will present your research orally to the group for discussion and finally for display.
In the Western world, a ‘good’ memory is highly prized, particularly by those revising for end of year
exams. Better memory, means better grades, means better opportunities for further study and
enhanced emplo ...
... a specific state is recalled most
accurately if the person is in that state
State-dependent learning is associated
with drug use, time of day, and
Midterm Review Project
... Memory- learning that has persisted over time; it has been acquired, stored, and can be retrieved
In order to remember something it must be:
● Encoded- perceived by the brain
● Stored- retained in the brain for a long period of time
● Retrieved- come back out of storage and into conscious thought
“Describe the neuroanatomy of and neural processes related to
... “Describe the neuroanatomy of and neural processes related to learning based on current
The difference between learning and memory is rather subtle; learning is the process by
which new information and abilities are incorporated into one’s mind, whereas memory is the
way in which that i ...
... • Retrograde amnesia
– Loss of memory for the past
– Memory loss coincides with injury or
Cognitive Neuroscience of Language: 18: Memory and language
... (1)The experienced soldiers warned about the
dangers before the midnight raid.
(2)The experienced soldiers warned about the
dangers conducted the midnight raid.
The claim is that individual differences in verbal
working memory predict performance on
language comprehension tasks. Alternatively,
Final Jeopardy 2
... with the iris to control the
amount of light that enters
Module 3 - socialscienceteacher
... between situational cues and learned information. If
you study while listening to your favorite CD, you will
remember better if you played that CD.
2. State-Dependent: You will remember info better if
you are in the same emotional state of mind when
you learned it. Ex: You read a book angry> you wil ...
Memory - Hensley
... Fact or Falsehood?
1. Memory storage is never automatic; it always takes effort.
2. The day after you are introduced to a number of new students, you will more easily
recall the names of those you met first.
3. Memory aids are no more useful than simple rehearsal of information.
4. Only a few peopl ...
... Memory is the capacity to retain information
Memory allows us to learn from previous
Memory systems can be characterized by
duration, capacity, and coding.
• Highly processed information from
association cortex areas enter hippocampus
• Hippocampus integrates them—ties them
together and then output is stored in other
• Allows you to retrieve all the information
about an event
INTRODUCTION TO FUNCTIONAL NEUROBIOLOGY Tamás
... Brief summary: This series of lectures exemplifies different memory types by demonstrating human
cases, animal experiments and behavioural tests. It describes the neuronal circuitries involved, the
employed learning mechanisms and the evolutionary pressure leading to the two basic memory types,
The Testing Effect
... storage capacity, but rather the ability to find what you
need when you need it. Long-term memory is rather
like having a vast amount of closet space—it is easy to
store many items, but it is difficult to retrieve the
needed item in a timely fashion.”
... Stages of memory
• Encoding-information for each memory is
assembled from the different sensory
systems and translated into whatever form
necessary to be remembered. This is
presumably the domain of the association
• Consolidation• Storage• Retrieval-
Memory notes Explaining memory Learning required memorisation
... He was incapable of forming long-term episodic (personal events) memories or semantic (general
knowledge) memories. He could not remember his doctor’s names and each time had to be
introduced, what he had for lunch or breakfast that day.
Each time he was told his uncle had died he reacted as being t ...
Collective memory refers to the shared pool of information held in the memories of two or more members of a group. Both the English phrase and its French equivalent appeared in various contexts in the second half of the nineteenth century. The philosopher and sociologist Maurice Halbwachs analyzed and advanced the concept in his book La mémoire collective (Paris, 1950). Collective memory can be shared, passed on and constructed by groups both small (e.g., a board of directors) and large (e.g., American culture). In many ways, collective memory parallels individual memory (e.g., better recall for pictures than for words), but also exhibits some key differences and features (e.g., cross-cueing).