Integrative Model of Rumination - Open Research Exeter
... only serves to increase salience of the discrepancy. Consistent findings confirm that unattained
personally important goals predict repetitive thought in real-world studies (see Watkins, 2008).
Watkins (2008) examined what processes determine whether repetitive thought has
unconstructive versus cons ...
METAPHORS IN LEIBNIZ`S PHILOSOPHY
... explored. An encyclopedia fulfilling all this functions exemplifies a form of
'organized multiple-access plural-unity', a notion that emerges at the level of the
'blend space' engendered by the metaphorical use of 'ocean' and its cognates in
the conceptualization of the organization and advancement ...
FREE Sample Here
... Bloom’s Taxonomy: Knowledge
28. According to Freud, completing each of his proposed developmental stages requires:
appropriate levels of stimulation for age-specific pleasure centers.
resolution of discrete crises.
attainment of cognitive milestones.
achievement of dev ...
evolcomp - Centre for Policy Modelling
... • There would be little connection between this “real” complexity and the complexity of that
object as represented in communications about it.
All of these problems are connected. We are ourselves systems that can deal with limited complexity
(as are all the systems we have created). In fact, I woul ...
... emphasizing the later stages of sexual behavior in development.
acknowledging that even 10 year olds may be driven by pleasure centers.
replacing the emphasis of sexual motivation with social influences.
dismissing notions of influences of behavior that are below awareness.
Interplay between Syntax and Semantics during Sentence
... & This study investigated the effects of combined semantic
and syntactic violations in relation to the effects of single
semantic and single syntactic violations on language-related
event-related brain potential (ERP) effects (N400 and P600/
SPS). Syntactic violations consisted of a mismatch in gram ...
University of Groningen Rethinking the culture-economy
... "Concept" is a member of a set of related concepts that also includes (a.o.) "word" and
"term". Words as lexical items 'are triplets of phonological structure, syntactic structure,
and meaning' (Jackendoff 2002, p. 51). Elsewhere Jackendoff speaks of 'long term memory
associations' instead of 'tripl ...
Perception Processing for General Intelligence
... in the above list: the consideration of symbolic and subsymbolic aspects of intelligence as different subsystems, which have a significant degree of independent
operation, but also need to coordinate closely together. We believe this kind
of integration can serve a key role in the quest to create hu ...
... Automation does not necessarily mean converting all previously manual processes to
become fully automated. The transition often takes place in steps, from automating modules
and automated linking of modules to fully automating entire processes, based on the needs
and requirements of the laboratory. ...
... constructivist and see children as directing their own
– Information-processing psychologists describe ways
in which children do and do not understand
important concepts at different points in life and
explain how more advanced understanding grows
out of less advanced concepts ...
Varieties of Analogical Reasoning
... Analogies can be self-referential and ill-formed.
Because the analogy is correct in asserting its own illformedness, does it really have an anomalous
Qualitative Spatial Reasoning: Framework and Frontiers
... combination of metric diagrams and place vocabularies is necessary for spatial reasoning
about motion (c.f. Joskowicz, 1987, Joskowicz & Sacks, 1991; Narayanan &
Chandrasekaran, 1991). A more complete examination of the relevant literature and its
relation to this model can be found in (Forbus, Niel ...
... • Cognitive development is also called
• Cognitive skills increase gradually over time
• Connections between brain nerve cells is key
to cognitive development
Dialogue Games for Inconsistent and Biased Information
... with u, t, f and i respectively. Truth-value t (1∼0) represents full evidence
for believing and no evidence for disbelieving; this is considered the orthodox
‘true’ from classical logic. Opposite to true is truth-value f (0∼1) that represents no evidence for believing but maximal evidence for disbel ...
... – Algorithms and Heuristics
>The representiveness heuristic
E.g., Flip a coin 6 times, which is more likely
HHHHHH or HHTHTT
Which lottery ticket is most likely to win the next 6-49?
04-11-19-29-33-39 or 01-02-03-04-05-06
The representativeness heuristic - samples are like the
populations that ...
A Public Scientific Method: Introspection - Philsci
... According to Goldman, then, introspecting subjects are observers gathering data, which they
convey through introspective reports. Psychologists exploit introspection, in Goldman’s opinion,
by taking the data collected by each introspecting subject and using them to test their hypotheses.
But then, p ...
Scrambling and Processing: Dependencies
... hypothesis that a psycholinguistic investigation of a phenomenon can shed the light on some unresolved linguistic
problem. The second approach advocated by cognitive science suggests that ideally we would study every
construction in a language from both linguistic and psycholinguistic points of view ...
Cognitive Concepts of Craving - CE
... Traditional models of craving have been based primarily on the concept of classical
conditioning. In recent years, however, researchers increasingly have introduced cognitive
concepts, such as memory, expectancies, interpretation, and automatic behavior, into their
conceptualizations of craving. The ...
A Gentle Introduction to Soar, an Architecture for Human
... perceive and act on the world are limited, the world we perceive and act on is not a
simple one. There are a huge number of objects, qualities of objects, actions, and so on,
any of which may be key to understanding how to achieve our goals. Think about what
features of the environment you respond t ...
integrative framework for long term reinvestment planning for the
... This ‘basic’ approach enables to make a rapid assessment of the end of lifetime of all hydraulic
structures. However this approach inevitably brings along a number of simplifications. It does for
instance not account for:
- Changing circumstances in operation stage. One of the primary concerns invol ...
Starting with complex primitives pays off: complicate locally, simplify
... • An extension of the notion of lexical ambiguity making it possible to unify some ambiguities, conventionally treated as structural ambiguities, with the usual lexical ambiguities,
making them both lexical and leaving the other ambiguities as the only structural ambiguities (pure attachment ambigui ...
File - CYPA Psychology
... sized that all complex substances could be separated into component elements,
functionalists examined behaviors from a different point of view. Functionalists were
what the mind does and why. Choice (C) best exemplifies these concepts. (A) is too
and inaccurate to be the correct answer. (B) does not ...
From Neuro-Psychoanalysis to Cognitive and Affective Automation Systems
... The number of sensor values automation systems have to deal with per time unit will increase
dramatically in the not so distant future. Moreover, there is also the demand for systems that
can act in highly dynamic, complex, and uncertain environments. Traditional, rule-based models
mainly used in th ...
Neo-Piagetian theories of cognitive development
Jean Piaget's theory of cognitive development has been criticized on many grounds. One criticism is concerned with the very nature of development itself. It is suggested that Piaget's theory does not explain why development from stage to stage occurs. The theory is also criticized for ignoring individual differences in cognitive development. That is, the theory does not account for the fact that some individuals move from stage to stage faster than other individuals. Finally, another criticism is concerned with the nature of stages themselves. Research shows that the functioning of a person at a given age may be so variable from domain to domain, such as the understanding of social, mathematical, and spatial concepts, that it is not possible to place the person in a single stage. To remove these weaknesses, a group of researchers, who are known as neo-Piagetian theorists, advanced models that integrate concepts from Piaget's theory with concepts from cognitive and differential psychology.