4053X1 1999 Sept21
... • Early interactions with caregivers gives rise
to expectations about self and other
• Later personality, self-reliance, and success
in relationships affected by early
• Interpersonal problems contribute to child
• Evolutionary theory
• Figure 2.4 from text
theories of development
... o Emphasized reciprocal nature of interactions between parent
and child (bidirectional)
o Five Embedded Systems
• Microsystem: Child direct interactions with significant others
• Mesosystem: Home school, neighborhood settings
• Exosystem: Youth sport organizations, health care systems ,
school board ...
The SIX Grand Theories of Psychology (Psyc 20)
... -How people internally represent and think about the world
-How children and adults process information
-How their way of thinking and understanding affects their behavior
-Piaget suggests that all people pass through a series of development
-Human thinking is arranged into schemes or organized ment ...
CHAPTER ONE OUTLINE
... the microsystem, the mesosystem, the exosystem, and the macrosystem—affect the individual.
These contexts are, in turn, influenced by the chronosystem, Bronfenbrenner’s term for the timelinked events that affect development.
Vygotsky’s sociohistorical theory emphasizes unique cultural and social con ...
... is immediately evident that most
research is quantitative and
empirical, making use of data
from surveys reports, censuses,
Chapter 15 Vocabulary
... Concentric Zone model – a sociological model that describes a city as spreading from
outward from the center, creating rings or zones around it.
Sector Model – a sociological model that describes a city a spreading out in wedges
rather than in concentric zones.
Multiple nuclei model – a sociological ...
Context in distributed situated cognition Hedda Rahel Schmidtke Michael Beigl
... use artificial intelligence techniques, in order to serve people in an intelligent, pro-active manner. AmI environments
provide a unique, novel platform for studying and applying concepts of situated cognition and self-organization. In
particular, we find that representations of context are crucial ...
Exploring Child Development Chapter 2 Cook & Cook
... systems and their inter-relationships
among them change over time.
• Henry has twin baby sisters. Mom has to spend more time
w/ the babies. How will this change affect Henry's socialemotional development?
• Annie’s family moves to another city b/c they loose their
home. She has to go to a after scho ...
Chapter 2 PowerPoint
... attaches itself to the first moving object seen
because it is in a critical period.
Alan C. Schultz Director Navy Center for Applied
... My current research projects are focused on human-robot interaction, specifically, the use of
computation cognitive models of certain human cognitive skills as reasoning components for
intelligent robots. We believe that giving the system cognitive models can enhance the humansystem interface by all ...
... Vygotsky’s emphasis on culture and historical events
Significant historical events can have an impact on
an entire generation
Famine/or the Great Depression
Technology – such as space travel or the
theory and research
... • Set of theories that are a blend of Piaget’s
concepts along with some processes from
information processing theories
child growth and development i - Pratt Educational Services, Inc.
... the threads of a spider’s web are all intertwined. Interconnectedness means that no aspect
of development can be isolated from others and understood independently.
The best known proponent of the ecological approach is Urie Bronfenbrenner (1917 - ).
Bronfenbrenner proposes that the developing child ...
10b - Developmental 2 (Cognitive) Notes
... A second perspective on cognitive development: Vygotsky
o Instead of structural epistemology:
Cognitive development mediated by cultural context
Interactions between child and environment
Zone of proximal development
Learning happens best out of the interaction between independent
learning a ...
Theoretical Basis for this Curriculum
... Smith (1971) and Goodman (1967) helped to integrate the field of cognitive
psychology into the field of reading, with the top-down approach that defined reading
as thinking—an active, constructive process. This more reader-centered model
drew on Bartlett's schema theory (1932) which defined the sche ...
Cognitive information processing
... • Sensory input is transformed into meaning
through a series of actions you perform
– Mainly in the brain, but not all
– The processes are in a relatively invariant
– All people follow the same set of processes of
– However, the outcomes can be quite different
Chapter 1 Development Across the Lifespan
... impact on the field of lifespan development.
-It has not identified any sort of broad
developmental change that is the result of age
-Some criticize the theory's assumption that people
are basically "good", which is unverifiable.
-Self-actualization is also difficult to measure
EXAMINATION REVISION GUIDE FIRST: READ THE UNIT
... the majority of behaviour is learned from the environment after birth.
Psychology should investigate the laws and products of learning.
Behaviour is determined by the environment, since we are the total of all our past learning
experiences, free will is an illusion.
Only observable behaviours ...
... 6. The perception of inconsistency leads to a state of “cognitive dissonance,” according to
Festinger. The term “cognitive dissonance” is an example of a _________.
7. The theory of cognitive dissonance, proposed in the 1950s, is still leading to predictions
that result in research. That is, on the ...
... a. The ecological theory of development is a systems
approach to development: not a stage theory. It focuses on
five social systems that influence development.
i. Microsystem (a more common term is
immediate environmental settings and
relationships ii. Mesosystem: the network of
the micros ...
... In operant conditioning, behavior is controlled by its consequences. When
a student prepares well and performs well on an exam, he/she gets a
good grade; when an adolescent cuts classes, she has to stay after
school; when a driver parks illegally, he gets fined; when a cardholder
returns overdue lib ...
The bioecological model is a theoretical model of gene–environment interactions in human development. This model, first proposed by Urie Bronfenbrenner and Stephen J. Ceci, in 1994, is an extension of Bronfenbrenner's original theoretical model of human development, called ecological systems theory. Bronfenbrenner developed the bioecological model after recognizing that the individual was overlooked in other theories of human development, which were largely focused on the context of development (e.g., the environment).The bioecological model of human development can be applied to both children and maturing adults, and is thus a lifespan approach to development. The framework emphasizes the importance of understanding bidirectional influences between individuals’ development and their surrounding environmental contexts.In the bioecological model, in contrast to his earlier models, Bronfenbrenner also includes time (known as the chronosystem in his model) as an important component in the way that people and environments change. The bioecological model proposed a new method of conducting research which was heavily influential in developmental psychology and is still considered relevant today.