Analysis of the Dynamics of Reasoning Using Multiple
... transitions. Transitions differ in the set of components that are involved. The most complex
transitions change all components of the state in one step. However, within stepwise
reasoning processes, usually transitions only involve a limited number of components of the
state, e.g., only one or two. ...
Creating associative memory distortions
... Memory illusions, which have fascinated
researchers for decades, refer to situations in which a person
either declares that he or she remembers something that did
not really occur or remembers a fact that did occur but in
a manner that seriously differs from actually experienced
events (Roediger, 19 ...
The Limits of Supposing: Semantic Illusions and Conditional Probability
... thinking. Consider, for instance, what happens if a politician
and a journalist accuse each other of lying – you know one
of them has to be lying, but you have to make an
assumption in order to decide who does and who doesn’t,
follow up the possible consequences and decide if this
assumption was jus ...
... (if p then q, p, therefore q) as valid, only 72% correctly evaluated Modus Tollens
inferences (if p then q, not-q, therefore not-p) as valid. Worse still, 63% incorrectly
identified instances of the fallacy of Affirming the Consequent (if p then q, q, therefore p)
as valid and 55% incorrectly identi ...
The role of test structure in creating false memories
... of a nonpresented critical lure (e.g., sleep). During subsequent free recall or recognition tasks, participants tend
to remember the critical lure at rates comparable to the
studied items (Roediger & McDermott, 1995). Furthermore, participants often report similar phenomenological
experiences (e.g., ...
Article Reference - Archive ouverte UNIGE
... the case of a patient suﬀering from pure anarithmetia who exhibited a dissociation
between addition and multiplication (which were nearly fully preserved), on the one hand,
and subtraction and division (which were found to be nearly impossible), on the other. The
authors accounted for this dissociat ...
... In traditional IR systems, matching between each document and
query is attempted in a semantically imprecise space of index terms.
Probabilities provide a principled foundation for uncertain reasoning.
Can we use probabilities to quantify our uncertainties?
... Ulf Leser: Information Retrieval, Winter Semester 2014/2015
... Technology is essential when it comes to any planning activity.
This statement is false. New technologies such as spreadsheets and electronic
planners can be used in planning, however they are not essential.
NOBA Memory (Encoding, Storage, Retrieval)
... huge numbers of digits, but we can all use images to encode information more effectively.
The basic concept behind good encoding strategies is to form distinctive memories (ones that
stand out), and to form links or associations among memories to help later retrieval (Hunt &
McDaniel, 1993). Using s ...
p - INFONET
... to reduce energy consumption as much as possible.
B. Another constraint is that transmitted physiological signals should be largely
C. The third constraint is hardware costs. Low hardware costs are more likely to make a
telemonitoring system economically feasible and accepted by individu ...
... The condition is a bool expression. If it is
true then the if_true_statement will be
if (x >2)
y = x + 17;
Probability - s3.amazonaws.com
... Look at past records. I haven’t
been late this year, so the
probability is zero.
Actually, over a college year, there
is a small probability that I just
might be late!
WORD - James Z. Wang
... MIR 2007 - 9th ACM SIGMM International Workshop on Multimedia Information Retrieval
In conjunction with ACM Multimedia, September 28-29, 2007, Augsburg, Germany
CALL FOR PAPERS
Indexing and retrieval of large quantity of multimedia data is a highly challenging and ...
Unit VII: Cognition - Rapid City Area Schools
... 3. Which of the following is an example of the flashbulb memory?
a. Barry remembers an especially bright sunrise because he was by the ocean
and the sunlight reflected off of the water.
b. Robert remembers that correlation does not prove an cause-effect
relationship because his teacher emphasized th ...
Mean - Fitchburg State University
... they wrote down the words that they recalled or a recognition
task in which they were given a list of words and asked to circle
the words that they remember seeing. As expected, it was
found that participants who had seen the related words had
more false memories than the groups with the unrelated w ...
... Directions: Answer the following questions by circling the correct response. Do your best!
1. There is a mathematical formula for the spacing of planets.
Body Position Affects Access to Memories Katinka Dijkstra ()
... older adults.
Thirty-two younger and 30 older adults participated in an
experiment in which they retrieved autobiographical
memories either in a body position that was congruent with
the body position at the time of the original experience, or
an incongruent body position. For example, if the event ...
Memory - My Haiku
... - Encoding: external stimuli, sensory registers, selective attention, reticular formation,
- Storage: long-term memory, explicit memory (semantic and episodic memories) and
Theories of Forgetting 2
... memory and short term memory.
• However, as an explanation for forgetting from LTM decay
theory is limited, because...
• many people remember information they have not thought about
for a long period of time. Older people, for instance, often
remember childhood experiences quite clearly but cannot r ...
... 15. “Physical tolerance” is drinking so much alcohol over a period of time that it takes an increasing amount of alcohol
to get the same effect. True or False? Explain.
16. Regular heavy use of alcohol increases the risk of developing certain cancers of the stomach and intestines. True
or False? Exp ...
The fuzzy-trace theory (FTT) is a theory of cognition originally proposed by Charles J. Brainerd and Valerie F. Reyna that draws upon dual-trace conceptions to predict and explain cognitive phenomena, particularly in the memory and reasoning domains. The theory has been used in areas such as cognitive psychology, human development, and social psychology to explain, for instance, false memory and its development, probability judgments, medical decision making, risk perception and estimation, and biases and fallacies in decision making.