Download Ch 2: The Cell

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Transcript
Key Points:
1.
Structure (and importance) of cell
membrane
2.
Structure (and function) of organelles
3.
Interconnections between cells to
maintain structural stability in body
tissues.
Anatomy of a typical cell
1.
Cell membrane
2.
Cytoplasm
cytosol
non-membranous
organelles
membranous
organelles
What else is also
part of the cell
membrane ?
Cell membrane (plasma membrane, plasmalemma)
Non-membranous Organelles

Cytoskeleton

Microvilli
Cilia, centrioles,
flagellum


Ribosomes
Cytoskeleton
4 major components:
1. Microfilaments (mostly actin)
2. Intermediate filaments
3. Thick filaments (composed of
myosin subunits)
4. Microtubules (composed of
tubulin subunits)
Fu: support & movement of cellular
structures & materials
2 centrioles
direct formation
of mitotic spindle
In 9+0 array
Cilium - Cilia
In 9+2 array
Compare to
microvilli
and
flagellum
Ribosomes
60% RNA + 40% ________
workbench for __________
Fixed vs, free ribosomes
Membranous
Organelles
Names and functions ?
Nucleus
Mitochondrion / -a
smooth & rough ER
Chambers = cysternae
Function: Synthesis  Storage  Transport
Golgi Apparatus
Packaging and
shipping of proteins
Cell
membrane
renewal
vesicles come from ?
Lysosomes
Intercellular Attachments
1) Gap Junctions
channel proteins
(connexons)
interlock and
form pores
abundant in cardiac
and smooth
muscle
2) Tight Junctions
Interlocking
membrane
proteins
Found near surface
of cells lining the
digestive tract.
Explain!
3) Desmosomes
Proteoglycan layer reinforced by transmembrane
proteins (cell adhesion molecules or CAMs)
Belt, button and hemidesmosomes
Found in superficial layers
of skin