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Transcript
Name: ________________________
Date: ___________
Period: _____
Cell Organelles
Picture
Name
Structure
Function
Ribosomes
Tiny dots
Make protein
Rough
Endoplasmic
Reticulum
Smooth
Endoplasmic
Reticulum
Extensive network of
membrane, folded,
with ribosomes on it
Extensive network of
membrane, folded,
without ribosomes
Flat, membranebound sacs
Golgi Apparatus
Mitochondria (plural)
Mitochondrion (singular)
Sausage-shaped,
membrane-bound,
many folds inside
Round, membranebound sac
Vacuoles/Vesicles
Lysosomes
Round, membranebound sac, with
digestive enzymes
Centrioles
Made of long
protein tubes called
microtubules
Help make and
modify protein
Make lipids for cell
membrane,
neutralize toxins
Package and
distribute
substances in cell
Break down food to
make ATP energy
Store food, water,
wastes, or other
substances
Use enzymes to
break down large
molecules or old
organelles
Animal cells only;
used in cell division
Why they look this way
Picture
Name
Structure
Green, membranebound, stacks of
membrane inside
Function
Plant cells only;
contain chlorophyll,
which absorbs
sunlight for
photosynthesis
Cell Wall
Tough, rigid
covering outside
cell membrane
Plant cells only;
protects cell, gives
shape and support
Cilia (plural)
Numerous, short,
hair-like projections
on cell surface
Movement
A few long, tail-like
projections on cell
surface
Movement
Chloroplasts
Cilium (singular)
Flagella (plural)
Flagellum (singular)
Part A: Label the Cell Parts
Animal Cell
Plant Cell
Why they look this way
Part B: Cell City
Imagine that a cell is like a city. Which cell parts would the following parts of the city represent? Explain your
answers.
1. City Hall ~ where the city government is located.
Cell Part: ______________________
Reason: _______________________________________________
2. Power Plant ~ makes electrical energy for the city.
Cell Part: ______________________
Reason: _______________________________________________
3. Fed Ex ~ packages and distributes products around the city.
Cell Part: ______________________
Reason: _______________________________________________
4. Boarder Control ~ monitors people and cargo that enter and leave the city.
Cell Part: ______________________
Reason: _______________________________________________
5. Storage Tanks ~ store food and water and other material for the city.
Cell Part: ______________________
Reason: _______________________________________________
6. Factory ~ makes products the city needs.
Cell Part: ______________________
Reason: _______________________________________________
7. Waste Disposal Plant ~ breaks down old and useless things for the city.
Cell Part: ______________________
Reason: _______________________________________________
Part C: Functions
1. Which organelles are involved in making/processing proteins? Explain the role of each.
2. Which organelles are involved in making/using energy? Explain each.
3. Which organelles are involved in giving structure/movement to the cell? Explain each.
4. Which organelles are involved in getting rid of wastes & unwanted materials? Explain each.
5. Which cell parts would you find in both eukaryotic & prokaryotic cells?
Part D: Compare & Contrast
Animal Cell
Plant Cell