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Transcript
How was
Your DNAy?
Come on, baby Hey babe,
Teenage
Do the
What’s
Mutant
Replication YouR NAme? Ninja Turtles
Express
Yourself
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Glucose is to glycogen, as
___________ is to DNA.
nucleotide
Specifically, what are the three parts
to DNA nucleotide?
Deoxyribose, phosphate, nitrogenous
base
Cytosine and Thymine have a single
ring and are known as this.
pyramidine
The 5’ end and 3’ end refer to what
part of the 5 carbon sugar?
Carbon 5 at top and carbon 3 at the
bottom
These two scientists figured out
that DNA carries genetic
information, whereas proteins do
not.
Hershey and Chase
Helicase breaks these bonds between
these molecules.
Hydrogen, nitrogenous bases
This enzyme glues Okazaki
fragments together.
Ligase
This enzyme lays down a short
segment of RNA in order to start
replication.
Primase
This term refers to how
replication uses a template
strand; and therefore, the new
DNA consists of only one newly
synthesized strand per double
helix.
Semi- conservative
This enzyme digests and replaces the
RNA primer with DNA
DNA Polymerase
These are the three kinds of RNA
mRNA, tRNA, rRNA
These two things are is RNA, but not
DNA
Ribose, uracil
This molecule is made from DNA,
and read by ribosomes.
mRNA
This part of the ribosome is where
the tRNA enters bringing its
corresponding amino acid
A site
From 5’ to 3’, what is the mRNA
sequence that corresponds to the
DNA strand:
5’ ATACCGAAT 3’
AUUCGGUAU
(had to flip it!!!)
This is a change in the genetic
code at a single nucleotide.
Point mutation
In thinking about protein synthesis,
this is the least harmful point
mutation.
Substitution
These three mutations involve
chromosomal breakage.
Inversion, Deletion, translocation
If a cell was doubly fertilized (by
two sperm), this would be the term
to describe its chromosomes
Triploid, or polyploid
How are mutations linked to
evolution?
Mutations are the ultimate source of
genetic variation. If something is a
beneficial mutation, it may increase
over time in the population (change
over time).
When a genes is expressed, this
means what two processes are
occurring?
It is being transcribed and translated.
Gene expression in prokaryotes can
be halted by this.
Repressor
This region of an operon allows
transcription to continue.
Operator
These genes in eukaryotes code for
specific body arrangement.
Hox genes
_______________ breaks lactose
into galactose and glucose in
prokaryotes, and ____________
breaks lactose into glucose and
galactose in eukaryotes.
β-Galactosidase breaks lactose into
galactose and glucose in
prokaryotes, and Lactase breaks
lactose into glucose and galactose in
eukaryotes.