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Cell Test Review
Study every single organelle; its structure and its function. Be able to label parts, match
function to name, make analogies. Flashcards might help!
Explain the differences between a prokaryote and eukaryote.
List in order of ascending size bacteria, virus, animal cell.
Where did Robert Hooke come up with the term “cell?”
Discuss how each of the scientists in our notes influenced cell theory.
Explain why cells are rarely bigger than 100 um.
How are the operations of a single cell similar to the operations of a multicellular organism?
How are the organs of a multicellular organism similar to the organelles of a cell? Explain two
comparisons as an example.
If you were trying to determine the identiy of a eukaryotic cell, describe some factors that would
allow you to decide if it were a plant, animal, protest, or fungus cell?
If 20 cells were lined up across a microscope field of 400 um. How wide is each cell?
10. Which organelles are very similar to prokaryotes? In what ways are they similar?
11. What theory relates to #11. Explain this theory.
12. Explain how the structure of a cell is connected to its function. Give two specific examples.
13. What type of cell do we think the infected stool contains… Why?
14. Be able to answer questions like: “A Euglena contains the pigment chlorophyll. What life
characteristic is this pigment directly involved in?”
Or “An Amoeba has psuedopods, what do these help the Amoeba do?”
Or “ A paramecium has cilia all over its body. The cilia near its mouth are especially important.
Why don’t we see cell specialization/differentiation in unicellular organisms?
16. Under a microscope, you view an organism that is unicellular, has a nucleus, and is swimming
around? What kingdom is it from?
Under a microscope, you view a green, multicellular organism. It is not moving, has a cell wall, and
not every cell is identical. What kingdom is it from?
18. Skin contains fat tissue, connective tissue, and nervous tissue. What level of organization is skin?
19. A slide containing muscle tissue would contain what type of cells?
20. Trace the path of a protein from its making to it’s exit out of a cell.
21. Give one word for each organelle that describes its function.
Nucleus = _________
Golgi = _________
ER = __________
Ribosome =________
Mitochondria = ______
Cell membrane = ______
Cell Wall = ________
Chloroplasts = _________
Cilia = ________
Flagella = ________
Cytoskeleton = ______
Vacuole = _________
Cytoplasm = _______
Lysosome = _______
Peroxisome = ______