Download cells - Perry Local Schools

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

List of types of proteins wikipedia, lookup

Mitosis wikipedia, lookup

Cytokinesis wikipedia, lookup

Extracellular matrix wikipedia, lookup

Amitosis wikipedia, lookup

Organ-on-a-chip wikipedia, lookup

Endomembrane system wikipedia, lookup

Cell nucleus wikipedia, lookup

JADE1 wikipedia, lookup

Cellular differentiation wikipedia, lookup

Cell culture wikipedia, lookup

Cell growth wikipedia, lookup

Cell encapsulation wikipedia, lookup

Cell cycle wikipedia, lookup

Tissue engineering wikipedia, lookup

Signal transduction wikipedia, lookup

Cytosol wikipedia, lookup

SULF1 wikipedia, lookup

Cell membrane wikipedia, lookup

Cell wall wikipedia, lookup

Cytoplasmic streaming wikipedia, lookup

Programmed cell death wikipedia, lookup

Biochemical switches in the cell cycle wikipedia, lookup

Apoptosis wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
CELLS
Structures and Functions
(organelles and jobs)
CELL MEMBRANE
Surrounds and protects the cell
Controls what gets in and out of
the cell
Gateway to the cell
Door
CYTOPLASM
Liquidy substance inside every
cell – the environment of the cell
Flows or streams
Gelatin (Jello)
NUCLEUS
Directs all activities in the cell
Contains the instructions for everything a
cell does
DNA is inside the nucleus – chemical that
has the codes/instructions
Brain of the cell
MITOCHONDRIA
Release energy from food that is
eaten
Powerhouse of the cell
Mit = mighty/power
RIBOSOMES
Make the proteins needed by the
cell
Manufacturing Plant – assembly
line
ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM
Moves materials around inside
the cell
Cell’s highway or roads or canal
Golgi bodies
Sort and package substances
within the cell
Move materials to the cell
membrane to be eliminated
Taxi
Moving Company
LYSOSOMES
Recycle worn out products within
the cell
Recycling center
VACUOLE
Stores water, waste products,
food, and other materials
Storage shed – holding tank
Cell wall
Tough, rigid outer covering that
protect the cell and give it shape
Only found in plant cells, fungi
and bacteria
support = brick wall
chloroplasts
Contain green pigment called
chlorophyll-which gives plant its
green color
Captures sunlight to make sugar
by process of photosynthesis
cells
Two types of cells:
1. Eukaryotic –have a nucleus and
other organelles
2. Prokaryotic –have NO nucleus,
have cell membrane and ribosome, that’s
it.
cells
Animal cell
vacuole
Plant cell
lysosome
Lets Compare Cells: Animal vs Plant
Animal cell
-Nucleus
-Cell membrane
-lysosome
-ribosome
-golgi bodies
-ER
-mitochondria
-cytoplasm
-vacuole
Both
Plant cell
-Cell Wall
-chloroplasts
-Nucleus
-Cell membrane
-lysosome
-ribosome
-golgi bodies
-ER
-mitochondria
-cytoplasm
-vacuole
What are similarities and differences
between animal and plant cells
Animal cell
-peroxisomes
Both
Plant cell
-Nucleus
-Cell Wall
-Cell membrane
-chloroplasts
-lysosome
-ribosome
-golgi bodies
-ER
-mitochondria
-cytoplasm
-vacuole
Animal cell
Both
Plant cell
-Nucleus
-Cell membrane
-peroxisomes
-lysosome
-Cell Wall
-ribosome
-chloroplasts
-golgi bodies
-vacuole
-mitochondria
-cytoplasm
- ER