Download The Cell Theory and Membrane Transport

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Transcript
Cell Membrane
Functions
– Provides boundary for cell
– Selectively Permeable: only allows
certain things to pass through. “Picky”
Ex: Window screen
– Maintains homeostasis: balance
within the cells
Cell Membrane
Structure vs. Function
– Membrane is a phospholipid bilayer
– Phospholipids: fatty areas that attract
(hydrophilic) and repel (hydrophobic)
water
– Embedded Proteins: “club bouncers”
Decide who goes in & ouot
Markers for recognition
Movement Across the Membrane
Passive Transport:
1. Diffusion
2. Osmosis
-Requires No Energy
-Movement of like species from area of
high concentration to low
Active Transport:
1.
2.
–
–
Na+/K+ Pump
Endocytosis/Exocytosis
Requires Energy
Disregard to the concentration
gradient
Passive Transport
Diffusion = movement of like species from
high [ ] to low [ ].
Passive Transport
Osmosis =
movement of
water from
area of high
[solute] to low
[solute] across
selectively
permeable
membrane
Higher Concentration
of Water
Water molecules
Lower Concentration
of Water
Sugar molecules
DRAW THESE 3 PICS ON YOUR PAGE!!!
•[ ] of dissolved substances is
lower outside cell than inside
cell
•HYPOTONIC means “below
strength”
•Water will move INTO cell
causing it to SWELL
•Cells could rupture if the cell
takes in too much water
•This increases pressure inside
of cell (TURGOR PRESSURE)
HYPOTONIC:
HYPERTONIC:
•[ ]of dissolved substances
is higher outside the cell,
lower inside cell
•HYPERTONIC means
“above strength”
•H2O rushes OUT of cell
causing it to shrivel
•Can result in
PLASMOLYSIS in plants
which causes wilting
ISOTONIC:
[ ] of dissolved
substances outside
the cell is the same
as the inside of the
cell
ISO- means “equal
to”
Movement into cell
= movement out of
Passive Transport
Facilitated Diffusion = process is used for
molecules that cannot diffuse rapidly through
the cell membrane.
Active Transport
Movement disregarding the [ ] gradient.
Requires energy in the form of ATP
(Adenosine Triphosphate) and protein pumps
Active Transport
Endocytosis = the
process by which cells
ingest external fluid,
macromolecules, and
large particles.
– Pinocytosis = water
– Phagocytosis =
particles (solids)
Exocytosis = the
process by which cells
remove fluids,
macromolecules, and
large particles.
Transport Summary