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Transcript
CREATING MEMORIES….
GIVER STYLE!
Constructing Mental Schemas
A THEORETICAL MODEL
INFORMATION PROCESSING
THEORY
PLANNING FOR INSTRUCTION
A Potential Learning Event….
The brain checks the sensory data in
the environment against prior
knowledge or experience to determine
its degree of importance.
(Subconscious processing)
Time for survival…. Milliseconds
(That’s 1/1,000 of a second!)
Immediate Memory….
This is a place where we put
information briefly until we make
a decision on how to dispose of it,
or to use it!
(Subconscious processing)
Time for survival…
About 30 seconds!
DATA THAT AFFECTS
IMMEDIATE MEMORY…
Data affecting survival….
Data generating emotions….
Data for new learning….
How a person “feels” about a
learning situation determines the
amount of attention devoted to it.
Working Memory….
A place of limited capacity where
we build schema, take apart or
rework ideas for eventual storage
somewhere else. Generally
captures our focus and demands
our attention.
Can handle only
a few items at
once.
Adolescents can process items intently up to 10-20
minutes before becoming fatigued. Adults, up to 45.
CRITERIA FOR STORAGE IN LONG TERM
MEMORY FOR FUTURE RECALL….
Survival Value…
Emotional Experiences…
Does this make sense?
Does this have meaning?
Is Meaning Present?
Probability of Storing Information in Long Term Memory
MODERATE
TO HIGH
VERY
VERY
MODERATE
TO HIGH
LOW
NO
Is Sense Present?
HIGH
YES
LONG TERM STORAGE: WHERE IN
THE BRAIN OUR MEMORIES ARE
STORED….
TOTAL STORAGE RELATES TO
OUR VIEW OF THE WORLD
AROUND US….
…love
…belonging
…freedom
…power
…fun
COGNITIVE BELIEF
SYSTEM
REVIEW THE PROCESS OF MEMORY STORAGE….