Download Ch. 11 Stem Notes

yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Lipid raft wikipedia, lookup

NMDA receptor wikipedia, lookup

Cytoplasmic streaming wikipedia, lookup

Amitosis wikipedia, lookup

Extracellular matrix wikipedia, lookup

Purinergic signalling wikipedia, lookup

Hedgehog signaling pathway wikipedia, lookup

Cell culture wikipedia, lookup

Cell membrane wikipedia, lookup

Cell cycle wikipedia, lookup

Protein phosphorylation wikipedia, lookup

Cell growth wikipedia, lookup

Mitosis wikipedia, lookup

Cytosol wikipedia, lookup

Organ-on-a-chip wikipedia, lookup

Cellular differentiation wikipedia, lookup

Endomembrane system wikipedia, lookup

Chemotaxis wikipedia, lookup

Cytokinesis wikipedia, lookup

G protein–coupled receptor wikipedia, lookup

JADE1 wikipedia, lookup

Biochemical cascade wikipedia, lookup

List of types of proteins wikipedia, lookup

Paracrine signalling wikipedia, lookup

Signal transduction wikipedia, lookup

Name _______________________________________________________ Period: __________ Date: _________________
AP Bio. Chapter 11 Note Stems: Cell Communication (Cells - Membranes)
1. 11.1 external signals are converted to
responses within the cell
a. evolution of cell signaling explain
figure 11.2
c. What are G protein coupled
d. What are G proteins?
b. what is signal transduction pathway
c. Explain communication among
d. What is local signaling
e. What are Receptor tyrosine
f. What are Ion channel receptors?
e. What is long distance signaling
g. What are Intracellular receptors?
2. Three stages of cell signaling: Explain
a. Reception
b. Transduction
c. Response
3. 11.2 reception: a signaling molecule
binds to a receptor protein causing it to
change shape
a. What is a Ligand?
b. What do receptors in the plasma
membrane do?
4. 11.3 Transduction: cascades of
molecular interactions relay signals
from receptors to target molecules in
the cell
a. What are signal transduction
pathways and what do they
generally lead to in a cell?
b. What is Protein phosphorylation
and dephosphorylation and what is
its importance in the cell?
Name _______________________________________________________ Period: __________ Date: _________________
AP Bio. Chapter 11 Note Stems: Cell Communication (Cells - Membranes)
c. What do Protein phosphatases do?
c. Explain the specificity of cell
signaling and coordination of the
response, give specific examples
d. What are Second messengers?
e. What are the two most widely used
second messengers?
d. Explain scaffolding proteins
f. What does Adenylyl cyclase do?
g. What is the relationship between
Calcium ions and inositol
trisphosphate or (IP3)?
h. Describe the maintenance of calcium
ion concentrations in an animal cell
5. 11.4 Response: cell signaling leads to
regulation of transcription or
cytoplasmic activities
a. Explain nuclear and cytoplasmic
b. What is signal amplification and
what is its advantage?
e. What is the importance of
termination of a signal?