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Transcript
Ch 13 RNA and Protein Synthesis
LS-C5. Illustrate the relationship of the structure and function of DNA to protein
synthesis and the characteristics of an organism.
In this short unit, we will be studying the RNA molecule in detail,
comparing it to what we learned about DNA. We will look at the specific
structure of the subunits (nucleotides) as well as the structure of the
RNA molecule itself and comparing/contrasting it with DNA
We will also study the process where RNA is used to make proteins.
Specifically, we will study each part (transcription and translation), the
steps involved and the enzymes involved.
We will also look more specifically at mutations; how they can occur
and what effects they might have.
Pages in the book: 13.1 – 13.3, pages 362 – 376
Cards due: Weds, Dec. 17
Vocab/Bookquiz: Fri, Dec. 19
Ch 13 Vocab
+ if you’re an expert (can explain to someone else)
 if you’ve heard of it (and know a little)
0 if you’ve never heard of it
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RNA
translation
ribose
RNA polymerase
tRNA
anticodon
promoter
peptide bond
amino acid
mutation
mutagen
substitution
deletion
duplication
translocation
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transcription
protein synthesis
mRNA
rRNA
codon
uracil
termination signal
polypeptide
gene expression
point mutation
frameshift mutation
insertion
chromosomal mutation
inversion
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Learning Targets/Skills:
_____ Describe/identify the parts of an RNA nucleotide (ch 13.1)
_____ Compare and contrast the structure and functions of DNA and RNA
(ch 13.1)
_____ Given a strand of DNA, use base pairing rules to give the matching
strand of RNA (ch 13.1)
_____ Summarize the two processes that make proteins (ch 13.1 & 13.2)
_____ Describe in detail the steps involved in protein synthesis. (ch 13.1
& 13.2)
_____ Relate the location of those process to their cell organelles
(ch 13.1 & 13.2)
_____ Compare/contrast the structure/functions of different types of RNA
(ch 13.1 & 13.2)
_____ Given a DNA base sequence and a table of amino acids, supply the
matching mRNA sequence and “decode” that for the amino
proteins represented (ch 13.2)
_____ Explain the process of gene expression from DNA to function in
body (ch 13.2)
_____ Explain/give examples of different kinds of mutations (ch 13.3)
_____ Distinguish between a chromosome mutation and a point mutation
(ch 13.3)