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Nairobi, Kenya, 19-21 May 2009
Danial D. Nkondola, Vice President’s Office
Hubert E. Meena, CEEST Foundation
The SNC project in Tanzania stated in 2006, is a three year project, to July
2009. However there is an extension to December 2009
The main components of the project are:
– An assessment on the national circumstances
– An inventory of greenhouse gases;
– An update of analysis of potential measures to mitigate the increase in
greenhouse gas emissions in Tanzania;
– An assessment of potential impacts of climate change on sectors of the economy
of Tanzania and adaptation measures;
– An assessment of research needs and systematic observation
– Preparation of the SNC document of Tanzania and submission to the UNFCCC
In addition, public awareness activities and stakeholder consultations are
taken to be cross-cutting along the overall course of this exercise.
The preparation of the SNC is expected to enhance general awareness and
knowledge on climate change related issues in Tanzania, and help into
highly taking them into account in the process of national planning and
Key players
 Centre for Energy, Environment, science and Technology (CEEST)
Which is the National Project Coordinator for the preparation of the Second
National Communications (SNC) to the UNFCCC
 Division of Environment, Vice President’s Office
Which is the national focal point in Tanzania for the UNFCCC and GEF
OPF and overall incharge of the SNC process
 Other ministries
Include Ministries of Energy and Minerals, Water and Irrigation, Agriculture
and Food Security, Natural resources and Tourism and Industries and
Trade, which provided data and other inputs to the SNC process.
 NGOs and Research Organization
Which have participated actively and provided data and other inputs to the
SNC, including, TATEDO, TASEA, JET, EPMS, African Links, TIRDO,
Institutional framework for SNC
Vice President’s Office
Division of Environment
National Climate Change Committee
Financial and technical
Research Teams
Working Group
Working Group
Assessment and
Working Group
Local collaborating
Government ministries
Public and private firms
and policy issues
Working Group
Results and Achievements
• Development of Climate change scenarios (completed)
– The study conclude that, the analysis of rainfall and temperature trends
over the period 1961 – 2005 has indicated a significant positive
temperature trend throughout the country. A negative rainfall trend was
also observed for all stations; however those trends were not significant.
– The results for future climate scenarios for Tanzania suggest that,
warming of up to 3 degree Centigrade under 2xCO2 is expected over
the western parts of Tanzania, gradually decreasing eastwards.
– The development of climate change scenarios provided inputs to other
sectors for vulnerability and adaptation assessment in the respective
• GHG Inventory studies (completed)
– The GHG inventory contains five modules (energy, agriculture, waste,
LULUCF, and industrial processes).
– The GHG inventory reported on estimates of aggregated GHG
emissions and removals expressed in CO2 equivalent. In addition,
indicators such as CO2/GDP and CO2/Capita have been estimated
mainly for comparability purposes.
– The leading sector for GHG emission is LULUCF, followed by Energy,
Agriculture, waste management then industry
Results and Achievements
• Vulnerability and adaptation studies (completed)
– The assessment consisted on the study of the expected climate change
and its impact to the relevant sectors.
– A set of adaptation options for the Tanzania’s sectors of the economy
have been developed. A long list of sector-specific adaptation options is
developed by taking into account two main objectives identified, as: (i)
promotion of sustainable development, and (ii) the reduction of
– The sectors covered are Health, Energy, Water, Forestry, wildlife and
Tourism, Agriculture, Costal resources, Rangelands and livestock
• Systematic Observations (completed)
– Climate monitoring, detection, attribution and climate change research
and applications require historical observational data from sources that
are well distributed across the country.
– The aim of this exercise was to assess the capacity of Tanzania
Meteorological Agency (TMA) to participate in systematic climate data
observation and station networks.
– Looking into how TMA participate in international observation system to
enable the country have reliable data for climate change scenarios
development and subsequent application for the assessment of
vulnerability and adaptation to climate change impacts on various
sectors of the economy.
Results and Achievements
• GHG Mitigation studies (on going)
– Tanzania is not required to take on emission reduction commitments, voluntary
undertaking of climate change mitigation and assessment could provide ancillary
benefits for sustainable development, such as;
– Particulate pollution reduction,
– Increase in technological efficiency and effectiveness,
– Improvements in the health, security and safety,
– Availability of security of power supply,
– Reduction in air pollution and road congestion when a shift from private to mass
public transport takes place succeed,
– Increase of economic growth,
– Reduction in poverty particularly in the rural areas, increase in employment
resulting from mitigation projects and thus can lead to sustainable development.
– Thus all the proposed mitigation measure/options are designed or tailored to
achieving the above mentioned sustainable development benefits
• Other on going studies for SNC are as follows;
Final updating of the National Circumstances
Updating relevant information on Environmentally sound technologies
Updating relevant information on Education, Training and Public Awareness
Updating relevant information on Research and early warning
Constraints and gaps, related financial, technical and capacity needs
Lessons learnt and recommendations
SNC has strengthened capacity that is already built, and Capacity-building
and training should be maintained. This is for both institutional and individual
capacity building.
The National Communications Process has taken place within an existing
institutional framework which should be strengthened in order to ensure
Policy and decision makers have been involved since the inception of the
SNC process which was vital for climate change mainstreaming in
development and planning process.
Existing developmental policies, plans and strategies have been taken on
board when addressing climate change mitigation and adaptation.
Compared to the INC, the SNC has placed greater emphasis on relevant
policies on mitigation and adaptation to climate change and the results of
their implementation, so as to enable Tanzania to effectively address climate
change in the process of pursuing national and sectoral sustainable
There is continuing need for the UNEP/GEF to continue providing technical
guidance and advice on the preparation of NCs, to advise on capacitybuilding, to facilitate the exchange of information, and to advise on efforts to
mainstream climate change issues into development planning process
Constraints or Challenges faced
• Institutional and public awareness of climate change issues is
low. Hence more awareness raising campaigns for institutional,
public and policy makers needed.
• Lack of appropriate/quality data – the need to establish
database that will allow easy updating of information on a
regular basis
• Lack of enabling sectoral policies and plans to mainstream and
integrate climate change issues in the development planning
• During the SNC process there were inadequacy training or
capacity building compared to the INC process, where National
Climate Change Teams presented their findings and shared
experience at regional and international levels.