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Transcript
THAILAND
SECOND NATIONAL
COMMUNICATION
The Office of Natural Resources and
Environmental Policy and Planning
Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment
BACKGROUND AND CONTEXT OF SNC
From INC to SNC
 Thailand submitted her INC in 2000
 Proposal for the SNC was prepared in 2005 and approved
in 2006
 The SNC project was started in Oct. 2007
 The political circumstance and government restructuring
resulted in actual implementation of the project in 2008.
The Role of SNC
From INC, Thailand had established National Strategy
on Climate Change for 2008-2012.
 At present, Thailand have utilized some results from
SNC to apply for National Policy and Planning

KEY PLAYERS


The office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy
and Planning formed and Inter-Agency Committee (Project
Steering Committee) to participate in the process of
addressing climate change issues and preparing SNC
CC Policy & Implementation Plan setting up process
INC
PSC
National Strategy
SNC
National Policy
&
Implementation
Plan
National
CC Board
Committees
Adaptation
Mitigation
Public Participation
Support policy
THE PROGRESS
 The
project is at the middle stage
 Inventory



Activity data are being collected
Methodologies are being finalized
Capacity building is commenced
 V&A


Climate scenarios are completed
Impact analysis is being carried out
 Mitigation

Methodologies are being finalized
EXPECTED RESULTS & ACHIEVEMENTS

Inventory


Broadly similar to earlier estimates, with energy increasing
share
The key vulnerable areas

Agricultural area in northeast region at Chee-Mun river
basin.
- food crops, energy crops : rice, cassava, sugarcane, corn
- environment & ecology
- water resources
- land use
- disaster
- health
: complex river-based ecosystem
: water quality, quantity change
: agriculture
: severe flood/drought
: malaria, dengue fewer
EXPECTED RESULTS & ACHIEVEMENTS
 The

key vulnerable areas
Coastal areas in Southern region
- coastal change : worsen coastal erosion, loss of
mangrove, ecosystem
- disaster
: frequency and severe cyclone/ typhoon
- water resources : intrusion of saltwater, increase
salinity of underground water
- land use
: land use change
- socioeconomic and tourism: loss of tourism attraction
area
EXPECTED RESULTS & ACHIEVEMENTS
Developing policies and measures and integration to
development programme as well.

Inventory



Training inter-agencies to collect and record more
detail activity data in some sectors
More researches on local emission factors
Mitigation
 National policy and action plan on energy
conservation, energy efficiency, renewable energy
EXPECTED RESULTS & ACHIEVEMENTS

V&A
National level











Strengthened human resources and learning process,
social protection system and empower local communities.
Integration of adaptation measures with natural hazard
reduction and disaster prevention programmes.
Improve effective programs by addressing local needs
Public policy on water management of this region.
Improve the resilience of crop production system to
climate extremes.
Local level
Early warning and preparedness
Appropriate farming practices: planting suitable crop
varieties.
Alternative livelihood activities
Appropriate tourism activities
Water resource management by local people
Local community ecosystem management
CONSTRAINTS

AND
CHALLENGES
Constraints:
Still have high uncertainties for model
simulations, difficulties for considering policy and
plan for future climate risk.
 Scale/scoping adaptation project is not wellintegrated into the national policy and
development plans
 Difficulty in socio economic vulnerability
assessment
 Time lag between communications
 Maintaining experts are difficult

CONSTRAINTS AND
CHALLENGES (CONT’D)

Challenges:
 How to enhance technical research to support NC
process
 How to strengthen capacity to address socioeconomic aspects of CC
 How to effectively mainstream CC into national
development process
 How to enhance adaptive capacity
 How to improve resolution and uncertainties
 How to reduce time lag between NCs
RECOMMENDATIONS
Maintain/enhance research capacity through
networking/cooperation
 Strengthen socio-economic aspect of CC
 Enhance effectively adaptation policy framework
process
 Strengthen regional/subregional technical capacity,
especially on V&A
 Promote subregional SNC networking

THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION