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Managing the National
Communications Process
UNFCCC Workshop on
Exchange of Experiences and Good Practices
among NAI Countries in Preparing NCs
20-22 September 2007, Cairo, Egypt
Yamil Bonduki
The SNC is a reporting tool at the international level
& a policy tool at the national level
Successful implementation of the SNC will
• Enhance technical and institutional capacity on climate
change at the national level
• Facilitate integration of climate change responses into
national development priorities
• Provide substantive inputs to policy-makers to address
climate change concerns
• Further enhance public awareness of climate change
• Generate knowledge and disseminate information on
climate change at different levels of the society
Management of the SNC process is an active, ongoing role
Use project milestones to adjust SNC processes
1. SNC objectives/outcomes
2. Scope of work planned
3. Stakeholder engagement
4. Technical knowledge
5. Communication of results
The inception workshop should provide parameters for SNC
1. SNC objectives/outcomes
Use project inception workshop to plan milestones, and
establish expectations and desired outcomes.
Possible workshop objectives
• refine national institutional arrangements
• identify potential linkages to national development planning
• identify stakeholders to be engaged during SNC preparation
• outline longer-term activities (e.g. awareness raising, M&E)
• agree technical and policy-relevant objectives for SNC
Establish systems and processes during planning phase
2. Scope of work planned
The SNC project co-ordinator uses the planning phase to
establish systems and rules of procedure for project team.
Systems serve multiple purposes:
• help ensure work is carried out within scope and on time
• define roles and responsibilities
• establish rules of procedure to encourage consistency and efficiency
• support QA/QC, documentation and archiving activities
Lessons learned
Well-defined roles and responsibilities are critical
Expand National Climate Change Committee (e.g.,
NGOs, private sector, additional Government Ministries)
to improve collaboration with SNC process
Build on synergies and institutional linkages created
during National Capacity Self Assessment (NCSA)
Senior political commitment is required if climate
change to be mainstreamed in governmental agenda
Lessons learned
Documentation & archiving create sustainability
Documentation and archiving are time-consuming, but
cost-effective in long-run
Document calculations and structures/processes
Encourage completeness, consistency, comparability,
transparency and accuracy
Minimum QA/QC should include internal review
procedures and one external peer review
Identify mechanisms for maintaining stakeholder engagement
throughout the SNC process and beyond
3. Stakeholder engagement
For stakeholders to remain engaged in the process, they
must understand how the SNC relates to them
• Different stakeholder groups may require different
messages and incentives
• The broader the composition of stakeholders, the more
opportunities to identify new mainstreaming entry points
SNC technical work should build upon and refine INC outputs
4. Technical knowledge
Technical studies should have policy relevance and focus
on national priorities &/or vulnerabilities
• Encourage sharing of results between thematic areas
• SNC project co-ordinator should maintain overview of
entire process & where relationships need to be developed
• Leverage results of mitigation and V&A studies for project
formulation and implementation
• Create national action plans that use SNC outputs
Lessons learned
SNC should set realistic targets and priorities to
ensure quality of technical reports
Select methods/tools that address research questions,
data requirements, and technical expertise
Design strategies to address data gaps
Identify opportunities to strengthen technical and
institutional capacities
Promoting the results of the SNC creates awareness
5. Communications of results
Promoting the results of the SNC plays an important role in
raising awareness of climate change issues
• Communications strategy should target government,
media, key stakeholder groups and the public
• Focus on relevant messages for each audience, e.g.
policy-relevant outcomes for government
• Highlight linkages between SNC outputs and national
development planning