Radiative Forcing of Climate Change
... evidence from model studies, however, that λ can be substantially different for certain forcing types. Reiterating the IPCC
WGI Second Assessment Report (IPCC, 1996a) (hereafter
SAR), the global mean forcing estimates are not necessarily
indicators of the detailed aspects of the potential climate
Policy Implications of Warming Permafrost
... natural resources in timber, minerals, oil and natural
gas. Permafrost also contains almost twice as much
carbon in the form of frozen organic matter as is in
today’s atmosphere, frozen and inert for thousands of
years. The remoteness, coldness and sheer scale of
permafrost give the impression of st ...
the climate crisis: national security, public health, and economic
... genocide in Sudan. We know that changes brought on or exacerbated by human-induced climate change are happening. These impacts will threaten national and global security, endanger public
health, and damage the American economy.
In last year’s National Intelligence Assessment, the heart of our
CDP`s 2016 Climate Change Scoring Methodology
... Please explain why you do not consider your company to be exposed to
other climate-related risks that have the potential to generate a
substantive change in your business operations, revenue or expenditure
Have you identified any inherent climate change opportunities that have
the potential to gener ...
English - unfccc
... The period of 2000 (the SNC inventory baseline year) to 2009 saw a number of actions for
greenhouse gas emission mitigation implemented in Niue. These include the installation of solar hot
water heating, public education campaigns, increased grid penetration and distributed use of renewable
America's Climate Choices: Panel on Adapting to the
... The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of
science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter
granted to ...
America's Climate Choices: Panel on Advancing the
... governments, tribes, corporations, municipalities, and nongovernmental organizations,
as well as citizen decision makers, are beginning to act. Climate research over the past
three decades, however, has been driven largely by a need to better understand rather
than to explicitly respond to climate c ...
a study of public understanding of and response to climate
... Prevalence of and reasons for energy-reduction action ..................................... 67
Theoretical perspectives relevant to energy conservation.................................. 68
Costs and benefits of energy conservation.......................................................... 69
Social a ...
Drivers of the tropospheric ozone budget throughout the 21st
... Ozone exists in the troposphere as a result of in situ chemical production and transport from the stratosphere. Approximately 90 % is produced via chemical reactions between
nitrogen oxides (NOx = NO + NO2 ), hydrocarbons and
carbon monoxide (CO) during daylight hours (Denman et
al., 2007); therefor ...
Geological Storage of Carbon Dioxide
... Geologic storage of carbon dioxide (CO2) is the underground disposal of CO2 from large industrial
sources such as power plants. Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS), also known as Carbon Capture and
Sequestration, includes geologic storage as one of its components.
CCS is a powerful tool—along with ener ...
... regulatory cap‐and‐trade system, it is possible that the United States could join a global regime through an
executive agreement, forgoing the difficult treaty ratification process that halted adoption of the Kyoto Protocol.
This report is an important contribution at a critical t ...
South America - International Institute for Sustainable Development
... the continent’s rich diversity of ecosystems and natural resources that provide the base for many
South American countries’ economies. Development levels in the continent are relatively high, with
all countries being classified as at least a middle income country (OECD, 2009). Some, such as
Master Thesis - Erasmus University Thesis Repository
... For most of us the media are a major, sometimes sole, source of information. And so people base their opinions on what
they see on the television, what they hear on the radio, what they read in the paper and what they come across on the web.
In the case of climate change public opinion is therefore ...
Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation
... Phase 2: Implementation of policies and measures
(PAMs) proposed in those national REDD
strategies. These activities should be supported by
predictable funding from a global facility supported
by an internationally binding finance instrument with
enforceable commitments, such as assigned amount
Petition - Center for Biological Diversity
... elevation talus fields in alpine and subalpine areas throughout western North America. There are
36 recognized American pika subspecies in North America, 31 of which occur in the United
States. Pikas are extremely temperature-sensitive and are restricted to cool, moist microhabitats
on higher peaks. ...
Enabling Environment for Private Sector Adaptation
... At the global level, commitments have
been made to make US$100 billion available
each year by 2020 onward to fund actions that
reduce greenhouse gas emissions and build climate change resilience in developing countries.
Governments have repeatedly confirmed that
Vulnerability Index to climate change in the Latin
... and climate-related extreme events provides critical
insights into the vulnerability of countries. Exposure
to climate change and extreme climate-related events
in the LAC region varies considerably, with Caribbean
and Mesoamerican countries facing the greatest exposure risks. More than half of the ...
An Analysis of Adaptation as a Response to Climate Change
... prices, which lead to what can be defined as market-driven adaptation. Market-driven
adaptation may affect the size and the regional distribution of climate change damages. As a
consequence, policy-driven adaptation should be planned on the basis of the climate change
damages net of market adjustmen ...
Inuit Priorities for Canada`s Climate Strategy
... with the reality that the majority of our households are low-income, prevent many of our families
from investing in activities such as education, quality foods, and childcare that most Canadians
take for granted.2 Too many Inuit households ﬁnd the expense of buying and maintaining the
equipment need ...
Technical Reference Guide for World Climate Negotiations Model
... Framework Convention on Climate Change process) but lack tools for assessing the likely
collective impact of those individual proposals on future atmospheric greenhouse gas
concentrations, temperature changes, and other climate impacts.
These challenges to effective decision-making in regard to clim ...
Climate Change and Tourism - Sustainable Development of Tourism
... tourism sector to rapidly respond to climate change if it is to develop in a sustainable manner, which
will require actions to: mitigate greenhouse gas emissions from the tourism sector, derived especially
from transport and accommodation activities; adapt tourism businesses and destinations to chan ...
Averchenkova and Bassi 2016.pdf (opens in new window)
... greenhouse gas inventories; and improving public awareness about climate change.
The analysis presented in this policy brief provides insights on where the G20 countries could
focus action to boost the credibility of their NDCs. Yet, this analysis can also be useful for other
developed and developin ...
A low-carbon economy (LCE), low-fossil-fuel economy (LFFE), or decarbonised economy is an economy based on low carbon power sources that therefore has a minimal output of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions into the environment biosphere, but specifically refers to the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide. GHG emissions due to anthropogenic (human) activity are increasingly either causing climate change (global warming) or making climate change worse. Scientists are concerned about the negative impacts of climate change on humanity in the near future.Globally implemented LCEs are therefore proposed by those having drawn this conclusion, as a means to avoid catastrophic climate change, and as a precursor to the more advanced, zero-carbon economy.In terms of large industrialized nations, mainland France, due primarily to 75% of its electricity being produced by nuclear power, has the lowest carbon dioxide production per unit of GDP in the world and it is the largest exporter of electricity in the world, earning it approximately €3 billion annually in sales.