Coastal Impacts and Adaptation Issues
... in hurricane alley, watch out about being
on the coasts or in the Arctic, and it's a
bad idea to be on high mountains with
(Associated Press, 07/04/08)
Earth’s Future Climate Mark A Saunders
... our daily lives, impacts the performance of much of industry, and leads to billions of pounds of
damage worldwide each year. In many countries the general public is becoming concerned as press
reports, personal experience and anecdotal information all point to an increase in the frequency and
Human health co-benefits from climate change mitigation
... climate change through emitting a variety of harmful constituents makes it essential to
approach those two problems in a single framework. Even though climate and air
pollution science had been based on modelling that was developed separately, the
computational power that exists nowadays has made it ...
Decision making and climate change
... • GHG concentrations are higher than anytime in the previous
650,000 years (high degree of certainty)
• Land use changes are reducing terrestrial CO2 uptake potential
(very high confidence)
• GHG emissions are rising in line with rising global population and
income levels, generating a possible 4 de ...
... Examples of economic decisions that
depend on climate predictions
• Investment in flood defence and other means
of adapting to climate change
• Investment in weather-sensitive methods of
energy supply, e.g. wind and nuclear
• Growing new markets for insurance against
losses from extreme weather
• N ...
The Economics of Sustainability
... • A situation in which the market system
produces an allocation of resources which
is not Pareto-efficient
• Yawn and What?
• But market failures are very important and
can have very real effects
• Stern: Climate change is the greatest and
widest-ranging market failure ever seen
... • The SEEA, together with the SNA and related satellite
accounts, has the potential to bring together in one
consistent analytical framework all relevant information
with regard to the relationships between the economy and
climate change, that can be used for climate change
assessment, policy and de ...
HKIE Climate Change Corner Iss - The Hong Kong Institution of
... dramatic extent to which climate mitigation policy would reduce the projected changes in drought
regime for Europe under various scenarios over the 21st century. The emission scenarios, developed
by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) (Nakicenovich and Swart, 2000), are used
to proj ...
... Lack of certainty about the future
Top Level Figure Choices
... How has climate already changed?
How is it likely to change in the future?
How is climate change affecting us now
where we live and work?
Russell Marsh Presentation
... • Stern principles for global policy framework:
– carbon pricing;
– and behaviour change.
CLIMATE CHANGE A Christian Challenge & Opportunity
... • 1998 - Hurricane Mitch, 9000 deaths, economic loss
in Honduras &Nicaragua 70% & 45% of GDP
• 1999 - Venezuela, led to landslide, 30,000 deaths
• 2000-1 - two in Mozambique, >1/2 million homeless
Preferences for Energy Efficiency vs. Renewables: How Much Does
Concerns about climate change are growing, and so is the demand for information about
the costs and benefits of mitigating greenhouse gas emissions. This paper seeks to estimate
the benefits of climate change mitigation, as measured by the public’s willingness to pay
for such policies. We i ...
Ladies and gentlemen Climate Change has become a reality much
... Ladies and gentlemen
Climate Change has become a reality much faster than all scenarios predicted.
Climate change is not just an environmental issue, as too many people still believe. It
is an all-encompassing threat, to health, to agriculture, to peace and security, to the
very ground millions of p ...
model climate change resolution template
... The Ahwahnee Priniciples for Climate Change in response to the impacts of climate change and local
agencies’ efforts to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions; and,
WHEREAS, local government officials have the opportunity and the responsibility to reach specific goals as
established by California’s G ...
... • Meet increases for demand through water storage,
aquifer management, and reducing demands
• Protect water quality by reducing pollutants from
discharges and runoff from land
... Beyond adaptation
Adaptation to climate change is necessary to address
impacts resulting from the warming which is already
unavoidable due to past emissions
• Adaptation alone cannot cope with all the projected impacts
of climate change
• The costs of adaptation and impacts will increase a ...
Business and International Environmental Treaties:
... "global commons" issues caused by the emission of specific gases
into the atmosphere; ozone depletion is caused mainly by a class of
chenlicals called chlorofl~iorocarbo~is
(CFCs),while climate change is caused by
the buildup of atmospheric greenhouse gases (GHGs), particularly carbon dioxide ( C 0 ...
Economics of global warming
There are a number of policies that governments might consider in response to global warming. The assessment of such policies involves the economics of global warming.Global warming is a long-term problem. One of the most important greenhouse gases is carbon dioxide. Around 20% of carbon dioxide which is emitted due to human activities can remain in the atmosphere for many thousands of years. The long time scales and uncertainty associated with global warming have led analysts to develop ""scenarios"" of future environmental, social and economic changes. These scenarios can help governments understand the potential consequences of their decisions.The impacts of climate change include the loss of biodiversity, sea level rise, increased frequency and severity of some extreme weather events, and acidification of the oceans. Economists have attempted to quantify these impacts in monetary terms, but these assessments can be controversial.The two main policy responses to global warming are to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (climate change mitigation) and to adapt to the impacts of global warming (e.g., by building levees in response to sea level rise). Another policy response which has recently received greater attention is geoengineering of the climate system (e.g. injecting aerosols into the atmosphere to reflect sunlight away from the Earth's surface).One of the responses to the uncertainties of global warming is to adopt a strategy of sequential decision making. This strategy recognizes that decisions on global warming need to be made with incomplete information, and that decisions in the near term will have potentially long-term impacts. Governments might choose to use risk management as part of their policy response to global warming. For instance, a risk-based approach can be applied to climate impacts which are difficult to quantify in economic terms, e.g., the impacts of global warming on indigenous peoples.Analysts have assessed global warming in relation to sustainable development. Sustainable development considers how future generations might be affected by the actions of the current generation. In some areas, policies designed to address global warming may contribute positively towards other development objectives. In other areas, the cost of global warming policies may divert resources away from other socially and environmentally beneficial investments (the opportunity costs of climate change policy).