Climate Change Effects and Adaptation Approaches in Marine and
... foreseeable future,99 adaptation is emerging as an appropriate response to the unavoidable impacts of
climate change.100 Adaptive actions reduce a system’s vulnerability, 101 increase its capacity to withstand
or be resilient to change,102 and/or transform systems to a new state compatible with like ...
Effects of climate change on infectious diseases
... calibrated to regions with endemic malaria. These are
not suitable for assessment of the malaria transition
• Will there be far-reaching technological advances?
• Where people prosper will they devote resources to
• Where malaria is the social norm, how might it beco ...
taking stock - Oxfam International
... assessment builds on program and project evaluations finalized between January 2013
and October 2015 in different outcome areas within 4 change goals (and 1 cross cutting
issue). It forms part of Oxfam’s overall process to evaluate the outcomes of its Strategic
Plan. The report was developed through ...
Averchenkova and Bassi 2016.pdf (opens in new window)
... average scoring lower on effective decision-making processes, public and private bodies
supportive to climate action, and public awareness of climate change.
This affirms the case for continued attention to capacity-building in countries with
developing and emerging economies, in order to strengthen ...
Climate Change and Migration - Institute for Governance and Policy
... state of ‘being persecuted’ under the Convention is narrower in reach
than the circumstances caught by use of the term ‘refugee’ in literature
concerning environmentally induced displacement, which typically
refers to some level of interference with the quality of life. 43 The fact
natural disasters ...
The Second National Communication of the Republic of Malawi
... Basline data for river run-off for selected rivers in Malawi
Mean river run-off reductions as affected by baseline rainfall for some rivers in
Mean and increased run-off due to increases in baseline mean rainfall
Monthly means of naturalised Lake levels (Meanntr):
Lake rise and/or fall scenar ...
English - unfccc
... In order to fulfil its obligations under the UNFCCC, the Government of Niue has prepared the
Second National Communication (SNC).
Niue submitted its Initial National Communication (INC) in June 2000. The INC noted that
while Niue produced comparatively minimal greenhouse gases(GHG), the effects of c ...
The Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health
... scientific literature describing the role of adaptive capacity in creating, moderating, or exacerbating vulnerability
to health impacts where appropriate. The report also cites analyses that include modeling parameters that make
certain assumptions about emissions pathways or adaptive capacity in or ...
‑ ‑ GEF Secretariat Global Environment Facility 1818 H Street, NW
... funding cycle. In this new cycle, the aim is to enhance the sustainability of protected area systems such that they continue to deliver the global benefits of conserving biodiversity, provide a range of ecosystem goods and services, and enable
climate change mitigation and adaptation. But this is no ...
Reining in Phaëthon`s Chariot: Principles for the
... environment that will restore climatic equilibrium to the planet. Yet, like
climate change, geoengineering solutions are themselves wicked problems
that challenge our understanding of the climatic system and raise questions
of risk, equity, and justice. Even if climate engineering reduces the global ...
Coral Reef Resilience and Resistance to Bleaching
... on the reef is reduced and they become more susceptible to breakage and bio-erosion. If
calcium carbonate removal exceeds the calcification rate, reefs can shrink in size (e.g. the
Galapagos Islands). (Buddemeier et al, 2004)
Stern Review: The Economics of Climate Change
... will be necessary to allow the continued use of fossil fuels without damage to the
Cuts in non-energy emissions, such as those resulting from deforestation and from
agricultural and industrial processes, are also essential.
With strong, deliberate policy choices, it is possible to reduce ...
ldc graduation - the difficulties and realities for tuvalu
... soared and are sticky downwards; food crisis has
added to an increased cost of living; and recruitment
for our seafarers working on international contracts
It takes longer for a small economy to recover after
waves of global crisis. The added climate challenges
certainly make the nar ...
NSW Climate Impact Profile - Adapt NSW Home
... the coastal zone and flooding risk – in each of the NSW State Plan regions.
This report provides the NSW Government, business, industry and the community with a
regional ‘snapshot’ of how NSW could be affected by climate change in 2050. The project is
the first to attempt an integrated assessment of ...
Modelling Climate Variability and Climate Change and Their
... Climate extremes associated with climate variability and change are on the rise both in time
and space. These extremes have far reaching impacts on socio-economic sectors particularly
for countries like Uganda that rely heavily on rain-fed agriculture. The highland cooking
banana (Musa genome group ...
Impact of two different types of El Niño events on runoff over the
... of the two types of El Niño on regional hydroclimate are
different (Li et al., 2011; Mo, 2010; Yu and Zou, 2013;
Yu et al., 2012). For example, the conventional EP-El Niño
events caused a northeast-to-southwest, positive anomaly
to negative anomaly shift in winter temperature across the
US whereas t ...
A new approach to mapping permafrost and change incorporating
... especiallyopticalimages, only contain information about vegetation and near-surface conditions. Therefore ground conditions within a land cover type developed by satellite images can vary substantially. For example, hollows and hummocks are common at local scales and there are also topographically c ...
Nuestro Mundo A Martiano Exploration of the
... species. With a change in global temperatures of just a few degrees some scientists warn we may see the
collapse of many ecosystems upon which humans depend. Facing such predictions creates a fear for the
life of our species as a whole.
We are on a path of ecological mutual assured destruction, for ...
Climate Change and Tourism - Sustainable Development of Tourism
... tourism sector to rapidly respond to climate change if it is to develop in a sustainable manner, which
will require actions to: mitigate greenhouse gas emissions from the tourism sector, derived especially
from transport and accommodation activities; adapt tourism businesses and destinations to chan ...
Compendium of Yukon Climate Change Science
... temperature and precipitation, consistent with trends in other circumpolar regions. Increases in air
temperature have resulted in many of the most extreme warm years throughout the entire Canadian
North being recorded in the last decade, with the greatest temperature increases observed over the
Impacts of Climate Change and Variability on Transportation
... Fiscal Year 2001 (Public Law 106-554) and the information quality act guidelines issued by the Department of Transportation pursuant to Section 515. The CCSP Interagency Committee relies on Department of Transportation certifications regarding compliance with
Section 515 and Department guidelines as ...
America's Climate Choices: Panel on Advancing the
... governments, tribes, corporations, municipalities, and nongovernmental organizations,
as well as citizen decision makers, are beginning to act. Climate research over the past
three decades, however, has been driven largely by a need to better understand rather
than to explicitly respond to climate c ...
Climate resilience can be generally defined as the capacity for a socio-ecological system to: (1) absorb stresses and maintain function in the face of external stresses imposed upon it by climate change and (2) adapt, reorganize, and evolve into more desirable configurations that improve the sustainability of the system, leaving it better prepared for future climate change impacts. With the rising awareness of climate change impacts by both national and international bodies, building climate resilience has become a major goal for these institutions. The key focus of climate resilience efforts is to address the vulnerability that communities, states, and countries currently have with regards to the environmental consequences of climate change. Currently, climate resilience efforts encompass social, economic, technological, and political strategies that are being implemented at all scales of society. From local community action to global treaties, addressing climate resilience is becoming a priority, although it could be argued that a significant amount of the theory has yet to be translated into practice. Despite this, there is a robust and ever-growing movement fueled by local and national bodies alike geared towards building and improving climate resilience.