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Transcript
Active Transport
 Active
transport: moving molecules in a
direction across the concentration
gradient.
 Requires energy
 Molecular Transport
 Endocytosis
 Exocytosis
Molecular Transport
 The
use of proteins to cross the
membrane.
 Requires energy.
Endocytosis



The process of taking material into the cell by means of
infoldings, or pockets, of the cell membrane.
The pocket that results breaks loose from the outer
portion of the cell membrane and forms a vacuole within
the cytoplasm.
Phagocytosis:





Means “cell-eating”
Extensions of cytoplasm surround a particle and package it
within a food vacuole
The cell then engulfs it
Requires a large amount of energy
Pinocytosis:


Means “cell-drinking”
Take up liquid from the environment by forming tiny pockets
along the cell membrane, filling with liquid, and pinching off
into the cytoplasm.
Exocytosis
 Used
to release large amounts of material
from the cell.
 The membrane of the vacuole surrounding
the material fuses with the cell membrane,
forcing the contents out of the cell.