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Transcript
Why do cells divide?
•Reproduction
•Growth
•Repair
How does the cell know how to divide?
The DNA has the instructions for all of the cell’s
activities.
The sequence of development
and division of a cell
3 Parts
1. Interphase - Preparation
2. Mitosis – Cell division
3. Cytokinesis – Splitting
How long does it take?
• Adult human cell: ~24 hrs
• 18-20 hours in
interphase
• 2 hours in mitosis
• Embryonic cells: 30 min.
What happens
•Cell doubles in size
•DNA replicates
•Organelles double
in number
What happens
•DNA forms
chromosomes
•Spindle forms
•Centrioles move
toward opposite
poles
•Nuclear membrane
begins to
disappear
What happens
•Nucleus has
disappeared
completely
•Chromosomes line
up in the middle of
the cell “equator”
What happens
•Centromeres
divide
•Chromatids
separate and move
to opposite poles
What happens
•Nuclear
membrane
forms around
each group of
chromosomes
•Chromosomes
unwind
•Cytokinesis
begins
What happens
•Cytoplasm divides
•One cell becomes 2 cells