Download 6-cell-theory-15-16

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Signal transduction wikipedia, lookup

Tissue engineering wikipedia, lookup

Cytosol wikipedia, lookup

Extracellular matrix wikipedia, lookup

Cell membrane wikipedia, lookup

Cell cycle wikipedia, lookup

Programmed cell death wikipedia, lookup

Cell encapsulation wikipedia, lookup

Cellular differentiation wikipedia, lookup

Cell culture wikipedia, lookup

JADE1 wikipedia, lookup

Cell growth wikipedia, lookup

Cytokinesis wikipedia, lookup

Cell nucleus wikipedia, lookup

Organ-on-a-chip wikipedia, lookup

Endomembrane system wikipedia, lookup

Mitosis wikipedia, lookup

Amitosis wikipedia, lookup

List of types of proteins wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
The Cell:
History and Theory
Biology
Ms. Lew
Vocabulary
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
Bacteria
Cell
Cell Theory
Eukaryote
Prokaryote
Protist
Cell Theory and
the Scientists
Who Helped
Shape It
http://ed.ted.com/lessons/the-wackyhistory-of-cell-theory#review
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
• Born: October 24,
1632
• Died: August 30,
1723
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anton_van_Leeuwenhoek
• He is known as
the “Father of
Microscopy.”
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
• Discoveries:
- 1673: He looked at
pond scum under
the microscope and
discovered small
organisms he called
animalcules or little
animals (Protists)
- 1676: discovered
bacteria
http://www.kent.k12.wa.us/staff/TimLynch/sci_class/c
hap09/lesson_protista/Protista_Lesson.html#Algae
Robert Hooke
• Born: July 18, 1635
• Died: March 3, 1703
• Wrote and published
“Micrographia”
http://www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/PictDisplay/Hooke.html
• Known as the
“English Father of
Microscopy”
Robert Hooke
Contributions:
- He observed pieces of
cork from the bark of a cork
tree under the microscope.
- His observations led him
to coin the word “cell.”
- “Cell”- means little rooms
in Latin
- He compared the small
boxes to the small rooms
that monks lived in.
http://www.learner.org/channel/courses/essential/life/s
ession1/closer1.html
Matthias Schleiden
• Born: April 5, 1804
• Died: June 23, 1881
• German botanist
• Discovered that all
plants were made
of cells
http://www.britannica.com/eb/article9066147/Mathias-Jacob-Schleiden
• Contributed to the creation
of the cell theory
Theodor Schwann
• Born: December 7, 1810
• Died: January 11, 1882
• German zoologist
• Concluded that all
animals are
made of cells.
http://www.nndb.com/people/357/000096069/
• Contributed to the creation
of the cell theory
Rudolph Virchow
• Born: October 13, 1821
• Died: September 5, 1902
• German pathologist
• He is known as the
“Father of Pathology.”
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Rudolf_Virchow.jpg
• Discovered that all living
cells come only from other
living cells.
The Cell Theory
1. All living things are made
of cells.
2. Cells are the basic units of
structure and function in
living things.
3. Living cells come only
from other living cells.
Two Main Types of Cells
Prokaryote
• generally smaller and simpler
• DO NOT have a nucleus –
DNA is not contained
• All prokaryotic organisms are unicellular
– example: all bacteria
Two Main Types of Cells
Eukaryote = “true nucleus”
• Contains a nucleus
• Contains dozens of specialized cell parts
(organelles)
• Some unicellular organisms,
many multicellular
– example: all plants, animals, and fungi
Cell Types (Review)
Prokaryotic
1. Does not contain a
nucleus or membrane
bound organelles.
Eukaryotic
1. Contains a nucleus
and other membrane
bound organelles.
2. Circular
chromosome
2. Rod shaped
chromosomes
Both:
Have a cell membrane
Contain DNA
Have cytoplasm with ribosomes
Prokaryotes
Simple
Circular
Chromoso
mes
Eukaryotes
Nucleus
Endoplasmic reticulum
Golgi apparatus
Cell membrane
Lysosomes
Contain DNA
Vacuoles
Ribosomes
Mitochondria
Cytoplasm
Cytoskeleton
More complex
Rod-shaped chromosomes
Ricochet Science: P vs. E
• https://www.youtube.com/watch?v
=RQ-SMCmWB1s&app=desktop