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Psychology 11
Ms. Matthews
Chapter 14: Sociocultural Dimensions of Behavior
Module 32: Social Thinking & Social Influence (pgs. 613 – 631)
1. Define attribution theory and explain the difference between a dispositional and a
situational attribution.
2. What happens when we commit the fundamental attribution error?; How does this
differ from how we explain our own behavior?
3. Define attitude and outline the conditions under which attitudes can predict
4. What is the ‘foot-in-the-door phenomenon’?
5. Describe the effect of roles on the behavior of ‘prisoners’ and ‘guards’ in
Zimbardo’s classic prison study.
6. Describe the impact of cognitive dissonance on attitudes and behavior.
7. Define conformity and explain the results of Asch’s study.
8. Outline the conditions under which conformity is likely to occur.
9. Define obedience and describe Milgram’s classic study on obedience (include
10. What factors tended to increase or decrease obedience in Milgram’s study?
11. Define the following terms: a) social facilitation; b) social loafing;
c) deindividuation
12. Discuss how group decision making is affected by a) group polarization and
b) groupthink (give examples, when possible)
13. How do the following demonstrate the power of the individual: a) self-fulfilling
prophecies; and b) minority influence
Module 33: Social Relations (pgs. 635 – 651)
1. Describe the three key factors in interpersonal attraction: a) physical
attractiveness, b) proximity and c) similarity.
2. What is the mere exposure effect?
3. Discuss cross-cultural and historical similarities and differences in physical
4. Compare and contrast passionate and companionate love.
5. Define the following: a) equity and b) self-disclosure and explain the role of each
in companionate love.
6. Define: a) altruism and b) the bystander effect
7. Describe Latane and Darley’s decision making model for helping behavior.
8. Describe the conditions under which we are more likely to help others.
9. Differentiate between a stereotype, prejudice and discrimination.
10. Differentiate between and ingroup and an outgroup.
11. Define the following: a) ingroup bias; b) scapegoat theory c) just world
12. Define aggression and explain how the following factors contribute to its
expression: a) genetic and neural influences; b) biochemistry; c) learning.
13. Explain how the following can reduce prejudice and discrimination:
a) superordinate goals; b) cooperative contact (refer to Sherif’s experiment)
Module 34: Cross-Cultural Psychology (pgs. 656 – 667)
1. Define culture and outline the four factors that influence cultural development and
2. Differentiate between individualism and collectivism.
3. How does self-concept differ between individualistic and collectivistic cultures?
4. How do universal behaviors and principles differ from culture-specific or culture
bound behaviors and principles?
5. What is the goal of cross-cultural psychology?
6. Discuss the perspective cross-cultural research gives on some of psychology’s
theories on personality.
7. What perspective does cross-cultural research give on psychology’s theories of:
a) cognitive development
b) moral development
c) attachment
8. Define ethnocentrism and outline the goals of flexible ethnocentrism.
Chapter 14 Unit Test: (Date:______________________)