Module 27 Notes Operant Conditioning Operant Conditioning A type
... Type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if followed by a reinforce or diminished if
followed by a punisher.
The likelihood of a behavior’s occurrence is linked to the response (consequence) that behavior
o Rewards and Punishments (Behavior that operates on the environment to ...
What is Mob Psychology
... Zimbardo found that the group of subjects who wore the hoods (were
anonymous/depersonalized) gave nearly twice as much electric shock as those who did not.
An additional study conducted by Watson in 1973 found that, of tribal warriors in Africa,
those who wore face paint or other masks while in batt ...
III.Biological Bases of Behavior (8–10%) An effective introduction to
... III.Biological Bases of Behavior (8–10%)
An effective introduction to the relationship between physiological processes and behavior—
including the influence of neural function, the nervous system and the brain, and genetic
contributions to behavior is an important element in the AP course.
AP studen ...
... Behavior can be reduced to relationships between
stimuli and responses, the S—R model.
A stimulus can be shown to cause a response or a
response can be tracked by a stimulus.
life’s most complicated acts are but combinations
of these simple stimulus– response patterns of
Radical B ...
Historical Background of Animal Behavior
... Fechner & Wundt - 1850s German physicians - human behavior control
-scientific approach in body
Lloyd Morgan - 1894 - Habits & Instincts - tried to remove
anthropomorphism and said animals do not learn - heavy on instincts
Thorndike - 1900 - Skinner’s teacher - Law of Effect = reward an animal for
... • how environmental factors (called stimuli) affect
observable behavior (called the response).
– Classical conditioning
– Operant conditioning
Chapter 12 Personality
... optimistic/positive vs pessimistic/negative
exploratory/risk-taking vs cautious/anxious
... * Psychology should be seen as a science. Theories need to be supported by empirical data
obtained through careful and controlled observation and measurement of behavior.
* Behaviorism is primarily concerned with observable behavior, as opposed to internal events
like thinking and emotion. Observabl ...
LEADERSHIP, MOTIVATION, AND PROBLEM SOLVING
... Wall Street analysts putting
companies under pressure to meet
their earnings’ estimates.
International competitors paying
lower labor costs.
Possibility of higher inflation due to
our rising labor costs.
Increasing diversity of workforce.
Journal Entry - Evolutionary Psychology
... - Bonobos are generally very peaceful animals that very seldom engage in violence. This is
believed to be due to the females forming closer bonds with each other, while the female
chimpanzees are unable to. Humans are more closely related to chipmanzees, and are considered
in their behavior to be mo ...
File - Farrell`s Class Page
... Organism’s behaviors are responses to environmental stimuli.
As individuals differ in their experiences, they will acquire different behaviors, and
subsequently, different personalities.
Changing environmental conditions can influence a person for the better.
Therefore, personality is not st ...
... The study of animal behavior is one the oldest and most captivating fields of
study in biology.
Behavioral Ecology has taken on a more evolutionary view towards animal
behavior... Animal behavior is an adaptation that has been favored for survival
or reproduction means.
Behavior has its roots in bo ...
... Innate behavior is developmentally fixed,
regardless of the environment
This is INSTINCT
Psychology - Kyschools.us
... A survey of the field of psychology which includes the study of behavior and mental processes with emphasis on the
scientific nature of contemporary psychological investigation. Topics discussed included research methods, the biology of
behavior, sensation and perception, stress and adjustment, lear ...
1. Neuro-biological Perspective
... • Critique of behavioral theory: the first
scientifically testable theory of human
• Their explanations are less convincing
when applied to psychosis or organic brain
• Most behaviorist research has been
conducted on animals under laboratory
conditions (mechanistic) .
• ment ...
Pengelolaan Organisasi Entrepreneurial
... – Explain differences between social learning theory and
– Discuss how self-managing can be useful in developing a
– Describe how expectancy, equity, and goal-setting theories are
Structuralism and Functionalism
... Wundt, James concluded conscious thought is not as
simple. Consciousness is a continuous stream.
Wrote: The Principles of Psychology. Founded the school
Functionalism proposes that behaviors are learned and
kept because they are successful. Mental processes
help people adapt to the ...
... development - a level
attained when children
engage in social
behavior. This range of
skill can be obtained
with adult guidance or
which exceeds what
can be attained alone
... perception by viewing a variety of
individual elements as a “whole”
“The whole is different from the
some of its parts”.
Theory of reasoned action
The theory of reasoned action, is a model for the prediction of behavioral intention, spanning predictions of attitude and predictions of behavior. The subsequent separation of behavioral intention from behavior allows for explanation of limiting factors on attitudinal influence (Ajzen, 1980). The Theory of Reasoned Action was developed by Martin Fishbein and Icek Ajzen (1975, 1980), derived from previous research that started out as the theory of attitude, which led to the study of attitude and behavior. The theory was ""born largely out of frustration with traditional attitude–behavior research, much of which found weak correlations between attitude measures and performance of volitional behaviors"" (Hale, Householder & Greene, 2002, p. 259).