Emily Pannkuk EDUC Chapter 6 Quotes and Comments INTASC
... behavior that occurs as a result of experience (Schunk, 2004; B.F.
Skinner, 1953).” Pg 164
2. Operant conditioning describes learning when there are responses as a result
of consequences or events that occur following behaviors. Classical
conditioning is involuntary reactions to an instinctive or re ...
OTHER THEORIES OF PERSONALITY BEHAVIORISM AND
... Humans are qualitatively different from other species
Flourishing, and Psychological functioning at its best
Positive psychology has promoted the application of
research to improve the qualities of our lives.
Expression of a gene
... Not going to tell you something about yourself
that you don’t already know.
Does not challenge our beliefs as
Common sense approach.
Added the symbolic environment as opposed to
just rewards and punishments.
... - Behavior reinforced after performed set number of times; consistent behavior
- Make 30 widgets to fulfill quota and receive full pay
AP Psychology Crib Notes
... Psychoanalytic: people are driven by instincts, largely sexual
Behaviorist: behavior is personality; determined by history of reinforcement
Humanistic: people are inherently good, society ruins them, people strive to
satisfy a hierarchy of motives toward self-actualization
Cognitive: people are rati ...
Observational Learning - Knob
... • Definition: Learning by watching what others do and what happen
to them for doing it.
• Scientists have always acknowledged the importance of
observational learning, which they call vicarious conditioning.
• Albert Bandura and his colleagues showed how important
observational learning is by testin ...
... Human examples: Quieting when theatre lights go out, rising when a fire
alarm goes off in school, phobias, food/taste aversion.
Module 27 Notes Operant Conditioning Operant Conditioning A type
... Type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if followed by a reinforce or diminished if
followed by a punisher.
The likelihood of a behavior’s occurrence is linked to the response (consequence) that behavior
o Rewards and Punishments (Behavior that operates on the environment to ...
... measured. Internal events, such as thinking should be explained through behavioral terms (or
* People have no free will – a person’s environment determines their behavior
* When born our mind is 'tabula rasa' (a blank slate).
* There is little difference between the learning ...
2008 - KCSD Connect
... The Smith-Garcias are planning for their first baby. Both parents-to-be have had a psychology course and are looking
forward to applying the principles they learned from theories and research that address child development.
A. Summarize one main idea or finding of each of the following four research ...
File - Farrell`s Class Page
... POSITIVE REINFORCER – Increases the frequency of the behavior when it is
presented, (eg. rewarding good behavior with food or money).
NEGATIVE REINFORCER – Increases the frequency of the behavior when adverse
stimuli is removed, (eg. Rewarding good behavior by removing an unpleasant task like
It has been argued that because social cognitive theory places so
... The social-cognitive theory is a theoretical perspective in which learning by observing
others is the focus of study. Social cognitive theory posits that an individual's behavior is
primarily learned through his or her observation of others as well as through interaction with his
or her environment ...
General Psychology 1
... yet not be able to reproduce their jumps, because they can’t ice skate
at all! On the other hand, if they could skate, their performance would
in fact improve if they watch skaters who are better than they are
introduction to psychology and key people
... John B. Watson (1878-1958)
All behavior is the result of
conditioning and occurs because
the appropriate stimulus is present
in the environment
Journal Entry - Evolutionary Psychology
... Consider each of these theories presented by the “Why Sex?” PBS documentary. For each theory, state
whether or not you believe it is a valid explanation for one aspect of human personality and socialization.
Explain why you believe this way. Do you think these behaviors are more influenced by our fa ...
Modeling - worldowiki
... implies that teachers get students to do something
without the students realizing it, the way television
ads try to manipulate us into buying what we don’t
need, and that’s not what is going on here.
This process is actually teaching metacognition—
thinking about how to achieve goals and using
Social cognitive theory
Social cognitive theory (SCT), used in psychology, education, and communication, holds that portions of an individual's knowledge acquisition can be directly related to observing others within the context of social interactions, experiences, and outside media influences. The theory states that when people observe a model performing a behavior and the consequences of that behavior, they remember the sequence of events and use this information to guide subsequent behaviors. Observing a model can also prompt the viewer to engage in behavior they already learned. In other words, people do not learn new behaviors solely by trying them and either succeeding or failing, but rather, the survival of humanity is dependent upon the replication of the actions of others. Depending on whether people are rewarded or punished for their behavior and the outcome of the behavior, the observer may choose to replicate behavior modeled. Media provides models for a vast array of people in many different environmental settings.