The Realism of Hans Morgenthau - Scholar Commons
... the nation is not always best achieved through a maximization of the nation’s power visà-vis other nations.10 According to this defensive interpretation, the international system
creates positive incentives for behavior that does not threaten the wellbeing of other
states and which thereby preserve ...
Herder and Nationalism
... special theoretical or interpretive issues. It seems a pretty obvious fact that
different individuals face different circumstances. The external circumstances
of individuals vary according to time, place, climate, social institutions,
parents, friends, peers, economic position, and so on, and their ...
A Liberal Theory of Federalism
... I want to acknowledge the contribution of the many academics and students, particularly
those at the universities of New South Wales and Sydney, with whom I have exchanged ideas
during my years studying philosophy and political theory. Although they are too numerous to
mention individually, this the ...
... stronger over time, and shifted back to the world of man: Unlike the rulers
of the Middle Ages, who cultivated virtue as a means of ensuring their place
in heaven, Renaissance rulers were counseled to guarantee themselves glory
on earth as well. e prince was accordingly required to display “secular ...
The London Corresponding Society And The Ascension Of Popular
... arbitrary abroad, and have their power confined at home; especially as troops in
abundance can be transported in a few weeks from America to England; where, with the
present standing army, they may instantly reduce us to what they please. And can it be
supposed that the Americans, being slaves thems ...
Moral Inscriptions: Politics and the Rhetoric of Responsibility
... unspoken. Accordingly, understanding the politics of responsibility requires
attention to spaces and absences, noticing where calls for responsibility appear
and where they do not. The ubiquitous nature of responsibility cries out for what
Gayatri Spivak calls a “reexamination of the familiar,”14 in ...
Skeletons in White House Closets: A Discussion of Modern
... Studies Quarterly, and Political Research Quarterly. BRANDON ROTTINGHAUS is an associate
professor of political science at the University of Houston. He has authored numerous articles on
the presidency and executive–legislative relations, in addition to his recently published book, The
Provisional P ...
Herbert Marcuse: The Critique of Bourgeois Civilization and its
... enter into the problem. The first is a judgment that modern men
live within a comprehensible network of circumstances significantly different from those of earlier times. While there is much
controversy about the ways in which these circumstances interconnect and about their sources, there is a good ...
Rousseau and the Ancients Rousseau et les Anciens
... Tzvetan Todorov writes, "the principal object of Rousseau's political writings is not the life of the citizen but of the city" (30). Precisely the opposite
is true, as I see it; the city is elevated in Rousseau, because it is only through
the city that individuals can be emancipated from the social ...
Reviewing Theories of Adolescent Substance Use: Organizing
... costs and benefits of ESU contribute to adolescents' decisions
to experiment with various substances. These models share the
assumptions that (a) the primary causes of decisions to use substances lie in the substance-specific expectations and perceptions held by adolescents and (b) the effects of al ...
Unlocking the Latino Vote: Civic Organizations As Tools for Latino
... For decades now, politicians, pollsters and pundits have tried to define, unite and persuade Latino voters.
Presidential campaigns dating as far back as the 1960s have made efforts to appeal to the Latino electorate in
order to win elections. In 1983 Ronald Reagan concerned himself with winning over ...
THE POLITICAL EFFECTS OF DISASTER AND
... of her guidance. She together with the rest of my committee patiently read numerous
drafts of my dissertation and guided my thinking throughout. This work is as much an
ideological product of them as it is of me.
Several individuals facilitated my work in Honduras and enhanced my knowledge
of this c ...
ibn khaldun`s conception of dynastic cycles and
... thoughts in his masterpiece Muqaddimah to strengthen their claims on the issue;
particularly Political Economist and Marxists foundations on Ibn Khaldun and his
ideas about the transition from badawa to hadara help to expand their works.
However, not only Marxist but indeed Realists also compare Ibn ...
Foundations of Effective Influence Operations
... the uncertainties regarding which sorts of appeals are most likely
to result in attitude or behavioral change, planners would do well
to embrace an adaptive process that tests the relative efficacy of
cognitive, emotional, and social appeals and that modifies communications accordingly.
• Influenci ...
A Critical View on
... to believe that they really are lazy, stupid, inferior, unmanly, unworthy, or other characteristic
they have been tarred with. This is manifest by internal negative thoughts about oneself, by selfchastising, and by verbal self-denigration in conversation with others. Picking these signs out
from som ...
Name - professormartin
... lessons for modern politics. The essay is distinctly ordered into three sections – introduction of
present conflicts, the lesson learned in The Odyssey, and the resolution of present conflicts by
looking into past literature. The first section is dedicated to introducing the widespread
skepticism co ...
The Return of Political Patronage
... are not as good at this as politically partisan advisers
who have been selected because ministers know they
can rely on them to support their political programme.
Why would ministers believe that objectivity and
impartiality constitute a bar, or at least a handicap, to
the effective implementation o ...
... had “spread like a ﬂood both in social psychology and in
JOHN DIXON is a professor of Social Psychology at the
Open University in the United Kingdom. He has published extensively around themes of prejudice, inequality, and social change. His research has appeared in
journals such as American Psychol ...
Adorno: The Stars Down to Earth and Other Essays on the Irrational
... • Authoritarian irrationalism is an integral part of enlightened
modernity, not to be thought away as historical relic, unintended
consequence or marginal other.
• The affinity between modernity and authoritarian irrationalism must
be sought in the psychodynamics of moder nity, in the
Whoever You Are, You May Be a Polis: of Saul Alinsky
... According to Arendt, the social needs of each individual are the basic necessities for
life. They should not be subject to political debate, and when they take on a political
character, pollute the public sphere. Social issues must be kept distinct from the
desire to end discrimination, which she ar ...
Variability or Moderation? The Effects of Ambivalence on Political
... side or the other. Ambivalence has been shown to be common (Basinger and Lavine
2005). Zaller and Feldman (1992) argue that it is the norm for most people, on most
issues, in American politics. Many studies theorize that ambivalence leads to the
expression of attitudes that are variable in the sense ...
The Politics of Spinozism
... singular realism of his philosophy that might account for his singular place in
How then are we to characterize the ‘actuality’ of Spinoza? Why is the
relationship of Spinoza to the present (not just our own, but that of 18th
century Italian radicals or 19th century German phi ...
INFLUENCE OF THE DOMINANT SOCIAL PARADIGM ON
... I would like to dedicate this dissertation and the completion of my Ph.D. to my family,
Susan, my lovely and supportive wife, Will, our oldest son, and Daniel, our youngest son.
Susan, you provided me with the love, support, emotional and financial, optimism and realism
necessary for me to complete ...
The Authority of Public Opinion – why Weber declined to take part in
... 269). From this perspective public opinion had the capacity to legitimise authority but only
up to the point. The idea that public opinion was essential but could not be taken for granted
became a key assumption in sociological deliberations of the subject.
Max Weber, of course was aware of the impo ...
Political psychology is an interdisciplinary academic field dedicated to understanding politics, politicians and political behavior from a psychological perspective. The relationship between politics and psychology is considered bi-directional, with psychology being used as a lens for understanding politics and politics being used as a lens for understanding psychology. As an interdisciplinary field, political psychology borrows from a wide range of other disciplines, including: anthropology, sociology, international relations, economics, philosophy, media, journalism and history.Political psychology aims to understand interdependent relationships between individuals and contexts that are influenced by beliefs, motivation, perception, cognition, information processing, learning strategies, socialization and attitude formation. Political psychological theory and approaches have been applied in many contexts such as: leadership role; domestic and foreign policy making; behavior in ethnic violence, war and genocide; group dynamics and conflict; racist behavior; voting attitudes and motivation; voting and the role of the media; nationalism; and political extremism. In essence political psychologists study the foundations, dynamics, and outcomes of political behavior using cognitive and social explanations.