Curriculum vitae - Binghamton University
... 7. Spear NE (1979) Memory storage factors in infantile amnesia. In G. Bower, Ed., The
Psychology of Learning and Motivation, Vol. 13. New York: Academic Press, 91-154.
8. Spear NE, Gordon WC (1981) Sleep, dreaming and the retrieval of memories. In W.
Fishbein, Ed., Recent Advances in Sleep Research, ...
Integrative Model of Rumination - Open Research Exeter
... this goal-habit framework suggests that habitual rumination can emerge as an unintended residue of
goal-oriented repetitive thought.
However, the repetitive thought produced by unresolved goals is not necessarily
pathological: as noted earlier, goal-oriented repetitive thought can be constructive (W ...
The mind should be studied through
... following research question: what happens in our brain when we
forget details about stressful life events, and how does this
process affect behavior?
The unified theory of repression
... traditions and disputed terminology have resulted in a Babel of misunderstandings in which false distinctions are imposed (e.g.,
between repression and suppression) and necessary distinctions not drawn (e.g., between the mechanism and the use to which it is
put, defense being just one). “Repression” ...
Personality and social psychology: towards a synthesis
... whether this convergence is desirable and profitable for either or
both of the parties involved. O n a general level, three main views on
this issue can be distinguished.
First, the pessimistic view according to which the commonalities
between social and personality psychology exist mainly in the f ...
Testing Thornberry`s interactional theory: the reciprocal relations
... and can be explained by models that focus on interactive processes. His theory integrates
elements from learning and control perspectives emphasizing their place in childhood to
young adult development. Reciprocal relations among social control variables and social
learning variables explain delinqu ...
Preview the material
... Many consider Asperger syndrome to be the mildest form of autism; therefore, many
with Asperger’s are considered to be the highest functioning autistic individuals.
However, even though many individuals with Asperger’s may be high functioning, they
still share certain key symptoms with others who su ...
... behaviorism, also known as behavioral psychology, is a theory of learning based on the idea that all behaviors are
acquired through conditioning.
BEHAVIORISM (STANFORD ENCYCLOPEDIA OF PHILOSOPHY)
Sat, 22 Apr 2017 16:32:00 GMT
1. what is behaviorism? one has to be careful with "ism" words. they often ...
Elective Psych Final Review ~ 2014 Name: Directions: It would, of
... the heredity with the environment as the major
influence on behavior:
Explain the issue of free will vs. determinism in
Which issue in psychology concerns whether the
field should focus on processes going on within the
individual's mind rather than on behaviors that are
clearly visib ...
9. Household Composition
... quarters include different buildings with self-contained living facilities, different
units within the same building with self-contained living facilities, and mobile
homes that are affixed to the land. To be considered affixed to the land the
mobile home would have to have some type of permanent fo ...
job complexity, performance, and well-being: when does
... creates misfit between supplies and values; accordingly, S–V fit should
be preferred “for both conceptual and empirical reasons” (Edwards &
Parry, 1993, p. 302). Moreover, conceptual work (e.g., Kristof, 1996) and
empirical evidence (e.g., Cable & DeRue, 2002) demonstrate that affective outcomes suc ...
Cognitive Concepts of Craving - CE
... approaches consider craving the product of higher order mental functions.
Thus, from the cognitive perspective,
craving is not a primitive motivational
state but a complex, multidimensional
process that reflects how AOD-relevant
information controls an addict’s behavior.
Furthermore, cognitive model ...
The many moral nativisms - Victoria University of Wellington
... aid of one’s children when they are in distress, for example, what is the better psychological
set-up? On the one hand, we can envisage a parent motivated to provide aid simply because
he loves his daughter—he cares directly for her in such a way that a perceived threat to her
welfare directly promp ...
Leadership Development: A Review and Agenda for Future Research
... leading-following interactions in service of accomplishing a collective goal (Bass & Bass, 2008; Yukl,
2010). In his oft-cited review of the leadership
development literature, Day (2000) distinguishes
between two forms of development. Individual
leader development focuses on an individual’s capacity ...
A.P. Psychology 6 (B) - What Ever Happened to Little Albert
... What was the relationship of the Albert experiment to the rest of Watson's work? On a personal level, this work was the final
published project of Watson's academic career, although he supervised a subsequent, related study of the deconditioning of
young children's fears (M. C. Jones, 1924a, 1924b). ...
The Asylum-seeking Child in Europe – An Introduction
... how to work with children during and after the asylum-seeking process and what
children themselves regard as important to them.
The intention behind the theme International Law and Refugee Policy is not only to
explore to what extent international law pays attention to children, but also to what
Beyond Testing: Cognitive Moral Reasoning and Ergogenic Aids in
... The purpose of this quantitative, descriptive study is to develop a valid and
reliable instrument based in normative ethical theory to measure moral reasoning in the
context of doping in sport. Factor analysis procedure was used to provide evidence of
statistical validity. We examined the factor str ...
Astrology and Meaningfulness:
... feeling of the meaning of life is my studies of astrology and my studies of how the
universe seems to chime with the efforts of people as they open themselves to a spiritual
direction. So I believe there are no coincidences. I believe everything happens for a
purpose. If somebody has a stroke, it m ...
Chapter 7 — Learning: How Nurture Changes Us
... her hand back reﬂexively as it approached the button.
Stanley Kubrick’s 1971 ﬁlm, A Clockwork Orange, provides an unforgettable example of
aversive conditioning involving the main character, Alexander de Large, portrayed by actor
Malcolm McDowell. de Large’s prison captors, who hoped to eradicate hi ...
Chapter 6 Learning
... Learning is defined as any relatively permanent change in
behavior that is based upon experience.
It is an area of psychology that seems simple to evaluate
but is in fact quite complex.
Factors both within and outside of an organism can
influence and interfere with learning.
The Role of Cognition in Classical and Operant Conditioning
... When operant and classical conditioning are defined narrowly as types of learning in
which S–R associations are formed, one can question whether they exist at all. Thus,
Brewer (1974) provocatively titled his review of the conditioning literature, There is No
Convincing Evidence for Operant or Class ...
Psy 120 - Academics
... 8.6 What are two ways of looking at cognitive development, and how does language develop, and
what is autism spectrum disorder? (page 320)
8.7 How do infants and children develop personalities and form relationships with others, and what
are Erikson’s stages of psychosocial development for children? ...
Developmental psychology is the scientific study of how and why human beings change over the course of their life. Originally concerned with infants and children, the field has expanded to include adolescence, adult development, aging, and the entire lifespan. This field examines change across a broad range of topics including: motor skills, cognitive development, executive functions, moral understanding, language acquisition, social change, personality, emotional development, self-concept and identity formation.Developmental psychology examines the influences of nature and nurture on the process of human development, and processes of change in context and across time. Many researchers are interested in the interaction between personal characteristics, the individual's behavior and environmental factors, including social context and the built environment. Ongoing debates include biological essentialism vs. neuroplasticity and stages of development vs. dynamic systems of development.Developmental psychology involves a range of fields, such as, educational psychology, child psychopathology, forensic developmental psychology, child development, cognitive psychology, ecological psychology, and cultural psychology. Influential developmental psychologists from the 20th century include Urie Bronfenbrenner, Erik Erikson, Sigmund Freud, Jean Piaget, Barbara Rogoff, Esther Thelen, and Lev Vygotsky.