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Chapter 4: Cell Structure and Function
Cellular Level of Organization
1. Cite the three tenets of the cell theory.
2. Explain why cells are so small.
Prokaryotic Cells
3. Describe the structure of the prokaryotic cell in terms of the cell envelope,
cytoplasm, and appendages. Give a function for each structure.
Introducing Eukaryotic Cells
4. Compare the structure of the prokaryotic cell to the eukaryotic cell.
5. Apply the endosymbiosis theory to the structure of the eukaryotic cell.
The Nucleus and Ribosomes
6. Describe the structure and function of the nucleus and ribosomes.
The Endomembrane System
7. Describe the structure of the endomembrane system and it role in protein
synthesis and secretion.
Other Vesicles and Vacuoles
8. Describe the structure and function of lysosomes and peroxisomes.
9. Describe the varied functions of vacuoles and/or vesicles in protists, plants, and
The Energy-Related Organelles
10. Compare and contrast the structure and function of chloroplasts and mitochondria.
The Cytoskeleton
11. Compare and contrast the structure and function of actin filaments, intermediate
filaments, and microtubules.