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Transcript
CELL PARTS YEARBOOK
PERIOD 1
2011-2012
• Favorite Hang-Out Spot: In between cell
membrane and nucleus, can vary.
• Hobbies: Generates energy for the cell
through respiration
• Extracurricular Activities: Nearly all
eukaryotic cells
• Siblings: Can vary, one to several thousand
Kiera Beatty
Cell Membrane
Favorite Hang- Out Spot: Outer part of the cell
Hobbies: Structural support, protection from
outside molecules, transport in and out of
cell, communication between cells
Extracurricular Activities: Prokaryotic Cells,
Eukaryotic Cells, Animal Cells
Siblings: 1
Marianna Conserva Period 1
Lysosome
 Favorite Hang-Out Spot
 Near the outside of the cell
 Hobbies
 Breaking down waste materials in cells (ex:
excess/worn out organelles, food particles)
 Extracurricular Activities
 Commonly found in animal cells
 Rarely found in plant cells
 Siblings
 Varied, depending on type of cell and function
Emily Fang
Ribosome~
Favorite Hang-Out Spot: He
usually likes to hang out,
suspended in the cytosol or
bound to the endoplasmic
reticulum.
Hobbies: He is the sites of
protein synthesis, where he
translates RNA into protein.
And when cells need large
numbers of proteins, they
come to Mr. Ribosome for
help.
Extracurricular Activities: This
cell can almost be found
anywhere around cell town he is found in only living cells.
He is found in animal cells, and plant cells.
Siblings: This cell was lucky to have so many siblings. That
he has approximately 15,000 ribosome brothers and sisters in
one cell!
Can Be Found: Towards the outside of the cell
hanging out with ribosomes, lysosomes, and
mitochondrion. Chills underneath the nucleus.
Hobbies: Modifying, sorting, and packaging
proteins and other endoplasmic reticulum
for storage within a Cell, or secretion to the
outside of the Cell.
Extracurricular Activities: Working
universally in all plant and animal cells.
Siblings: Animal cells generally contain
between 10 and 20 Golgi stacks per cell.
Plant cells can contain as many as several
hundred smaller versions.
Hitchings-Golgi Body
T.J. Hitchings P.1
Name: Vacuole
Distinguishing traits: Vacuolar membrane/tonoplast
(cytoplasm membrane) separating vacuole contents
from rest of cell. Regulates materials entering/exiting
vacuole
Favorite Hang-out: Near the middle of the cell
Hobbies: Store food and nutrients and other things
cells need for survival. Also stores waste products
and water. Plants retain rigidity by increasing
pressure/amount of water in vacuole (plants wilt if
vacuoles are not filled). Can occupy anywhere from
30-95% of plant cell. In animal cells, stores waste to
keep rest of cell uncontaminated (to be disposed of
outside the cell later on) and aids in exocytosis
(disposing of proteins/lipids from inside cell).
Extracurricular Activities: All plant cells and certain
types of animal cells (Much larger in plant cells than
in animal cells).
Siblings: Plant cell: None, only child. Animal cell:
Usually none, but amount varies.
Crystal Lee Pd. 1
Vesicle
• Siblings (types of vesicles):
-Vacuoles (Vesicle which contains mostly
water)
-Lysosomes (Involved in cellular digestion)
-Secretory Vesicles (Contains materials that
need to be excreted from the cell)
-Transport Vesicles (Moves molecules around
cell)
• Hobbies:
-Store, transport and digest cellular products
and waste
• Hang-Out (Where it can be found it cell):
-Can be found anywhere inside the cell
because it often has to move throughout the
cell to do its job
-----------Plant Cell
• Extra Curricular Activities:
-Plant cells often have a large central Vacuole
-Found in almost all Plant and Animal Cells
Jonathan Pearson
Orlando period 1
Centriole
Centrioles are the center of microtubules: 9 bundles (3 per bundle) of microtubules arranged in a ring
Favorite Hang-Out Spot: Inside centrosome, which is
condensed and darker area of the cytoplasm. They are
positioned so that they are right angles to each other.
Centrosomes are near the nucleus.
Extracurricular Activities: Centrioles are found in all Animal
cells only.
Siblings: normally 2, but during cell division, 4
Hobbies:
• They help with the cell division, both mitosis and meiosis.
1. At first, the centrioles remain together, but as mitosis/meiosis goes on, the original centrosome divides and
the pairs are split up so that one set of centrioles is located in each of the new microtubule-organized
centers.
2. They move to opposite ends of the nucleus and mitotic spindle appears.
3. Mitotic spindle connects to the chromosomes, they split, and are pulled towards each centriole.
4. The cells begins to split, and nuclear begins to appear.
• Centrioles stay hidden from view when the cell is not dividing.
Midori Uchibayashi Period1
Chloroplast
•Hang Out Spot: Chloroplasts float around in the cytoplasm of the
cell, they do not have a specific location
•Hobbies: Chloroplasts job in a plant cell is to use photosynthesis
to absorb energy from the sun and make sugar and starches for
energy and food. It also contains chlorophyll that gives plants its
green color.
•Extracurricular Activities: Chloroplasts are found in any
organisms that use the process of photosynthesis which is
basically just plants.
•Siblings: Varies- single-celled plants have one large chloroplast,
other cells contain 20-100 chloroplasts.
Naila Usmani
Period 1
Microfilament- Gabe
Favorite Hang-Out Spot:
Microfilaments are the smallest filament in the cytoskeleton which exists in the cytoplasm of a
cell. Because cytoplasm fills 54% of the entire cell, the microfilaments are found all around
the cell.
Hobbies:
Microfilaments help the cell move with their versatile shape. This function is called amoeboid
movement.
Extracurricular Activities:
Microfilament is part of all eukaryotic cells, meaning it exists in species with large and complex
organisms such as fungi, animals, and plants.
Siblings:
It is impossible to count the number of microfilaments in a cell, as there are so many. What can
be said is that they are an aspect of the cell that make up 54% of its mass. It is the
combination of all of these microfilaments working together that allows a cell to move as it
does.
Gabriel Yoder-Shenk, P1
Intermediate Filament
Favorite Hand out spot: Connected to the inner parts of the
cell also
connecting to other cells
Hobbies : Resist pulling forces on the cell
Extracurricular Activities: Animal Cells that require a lot of
strength
Siblings: Multiple depending on the cells
Justine Dowling
Pd. 1
Name: Vacuole
Distinguishing traits: Vacuolar membrane/tonoplast
(cytoplasm membrane) separating vacuole contents from
rest of cell. Regulates materials entering/exiting vacuole
Favorite Hang-out: Near the middle of the cell
Hobbies: Store food and nutrients and other things cells
need for survival. Also stores waste products and water.
Plants retain rigidity by increasing pressure/amount of
water in vacuole (plants wilt if vacuoles are not filled). Can
occupy anywhere from 30-95% of plant cell. In animal cells,
stores waste to keep rest of cell uncontaminated (to be
disposed of outside the cell later on) and aids in exocytosis
(disposing of proteins/lipids from inside cell).
Extracurricular Activities: All plant cells and certain types
of animal cells (Much larger in plant cells than in animal
cells).
Siblings: Plant cell: None, only child. Animal cell: Usually
none, but amount varies.
Crystal Lee Pd. 1
Lauren Schwartzman
The Cell Wall
The Cell wall enjoys his
activities as a body guard
for the elite Plant cell
school. He never works for
petty animal cell school.
He has very important
functions in the school and
you could even say he is
the Structure of the Plant
cells in the school. He
always loiters around the
outside of the school. He
is an only child.
Matt Duffy
Pd1
The Plant
Cell
The cell
Wall
Nucleus
Centrosome
By Matthew Wachira
Favorite Hang-Out Spot
•
•
It directly surrounds the cytoplasm surrounding the centrioles.
Cytoplasm is the liquid/jelly like substance that fills up the "space"
in any type of cell.
A centriole is a barrel shaped organelle found in most animal
eukaryotic cells.
•
Hobbies
• Serves as the main microtubule organizing center (MTOC) of the
animal cell.
• Centrosomes are composed of two orthogonally arranged
centrioles.
• Centrosomes are associated with the nuclear membrane during
prophase of the cell cycle.
• Microtubules carry out a variety of functions, ranging from
transportation to structural support.
Siblings
•
There are usually a pair in each cell.
Extracurricular Activities
• It is found in Animal/Plant cells.
Wachira, Matthew
Period 1
Michael Foley
Pd:1
Caitlin Simone
Period 1
Microtubule
Favorite Hang-Out Spot: Typically found in eukaryotic cells, as
part of the cytoskeleton. (Near the outside of a cell)
Hobbies: transport and structural support of a cell.
They maintain the cytoskeleton, that is, the basic structure of
the cell. They are involved in cell movement, cell shape and the
formation of mitotic spindles during cell division (mitosis)
Extracurricular Activities: Found in animal cells and plant cells.
Siblings: Axoneme ( microtubule assembly)
There are about twice as many microtubules as there are
centrosomes in a cell.
LaDell Bligen
Period:1
Nucleoplasm
• The nucleoplasm is one of the types of protoplasm, and it is enveloped
by the nuclear membrane or nuclear envelope.
• The nucleoplasm is a highly viscous liquid that surrounds the
chromosomes and nucleoli.
• Many substance such as nucleotides and enzymes are dissolved in
the nucleoplasm.
• A network of fibers known as the nuclear matrix can also be found in
the nucleolpasm. The soluble, liquid portion of the nucleoplasm is
called the nuclear hyaloplasm.
QuickTime™ and a
decompressor
are needed to see this picture.
QuickTime™ and a
decompressor
are needed to see this picture.
• Nucleoplasm is found under the inner layer
• Also it is found in the Nucleus
• Nucleoplasm is found in both plants and animal cells
• Only found in cells with a Nucleus
Justin Bauter
Biology Period 1
Nucleoplasm - Orlando
• Cytoplasm is a gel-like substance residing between the cell membrane holding all
the cells internal substances. In prokaryote cells all contents of the cell are
contained in the cytoplasm. In eukaryote cells the contents of the cell nucleus are
separated from the cytoplasm.
• It is within the cytoplasm that most cellular activities occur, like cell division. It is
also where the functions of cell expansion, growth, metabolism, and replication are
carried out.
• Cytoplasm is made up of cytosol, organelles, and cytoplasmic inclusions. Cytosol is
a translucent fluid in which the plasmic elements are suspended. The organelles are
the “organs” inside the cell that are suspended in cytosol. The inclusions are small
particles of insoluble substances suspended in cytosol.
• Cytoplasm is found in both plant and animal cells. And it is found throughout the
entire cell.
Adam Gostomski PD.1
Smooth Endoplasmic
Reticulum
•
•
•
Located just outside the nuclear membrane
The smooth endoplasmic reticulum has had several jobs in his high school years including
several metabolic processes, which are synthesis of lipids and steroids, metabolism of
carbohydrates, regulation of calcium concentration, drug detoxification, attachment of
receptors on cell membrane proteins, and steroid metabolism.
Tends to hang out in both plant and animal cells
•
He has no siblings being that there is only one of them found in a cell