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Transcript
REReP regional meeting on “Energy and
climate” in South Eastern Europe
May 22-23rd, 2008
Brussels, Belgium
The Republic of Serbia
Jelena Cvetkovic,
UNFCCC Focal Point
1
INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK
 Ministry of Environmental Protection – UNFCCC Focal
Point
 Climate Change unit, Department for International
Cooperation;
 Other institutions that have certain competences:
Ministry for Mining and Energy;
Ministry of Economy and Regional Development;
Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Water Management;
Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia;
Agency for Environmental Protection
Ministry of the Infrastructure.
2
NATIONAL STRATEGIES AND ACTIVITIES
 Framework Strategy and Action Plan on responses related to GHG
emissions;
National Strategy for Sustainable Development;
Forestry Development Strategy; Preparatory study for development of the
adaptation strategy for forestry sector in Serbia – preliminary studies done
under the project “Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation Measures under
the UNFCCC and Kyoto Protocol”, REC
Energy Sector Development Strategy by 2015;
•Programme for implementation of Energy Sector Development Strategy by
2015 in the period 2007-2012;
3
NATIONAL STRATEGIES AND ACTIVITIES
 National CDM Strategy;
 NES – Action Plan For Air Protection and Climate Change - as midium
term;
 National Climate Change Programme - as midium term.;
 Capacity building:
• Government of Italy;
• Government of Norway;
• SIDA;
• REC;
• UNDP;
• JICA;
 Belgrade initiative on enhancing the regional SEE cooperation in the field
of climate change.
4
NATIONAL COMMUNICATION UNDER THE
UNFCCC

Party since 2001;

GEF/UNDP project: ,,Enabling Activities for the Preparation of
Serbia’s Initial National Communication to the United Nations
Framework Convention on Climate Change-UNFCCC“
(a)
Ccompilation of the national greenhouse gases inventory;
(b)
An update of analysis of potential measures to abate the increase in
greenhouse gas emissions;
(c)
A vulnerability assessment and analysis of adaptation options.
5
INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK – KYOTO
PROTOCOL
 Cooperation Government of Italy;
 UNDP Project: “Promoting investments for energy efficiency
and renewable energy through carbon financing in the
Republic of Serbia”;
 Institutional Capacity building in Serbia in Area of climate
change in its preparation for future membership in European
Union, ODA, Bratislava-Belgrade Fund, Ministry of Foreign
Affairs, Slovak Republic, 2005/2006
 In-country capacities;
 Establishment of the DNA – in governmental procedure.
6
NATIONAL STRATEGY FOR INCORPORATION OF THE
REPUBLIC OF SERBIA INTO CLEAN DEVELOPMENT
REPUBLIC MECHANISM UNDER THE KYOTO
PROTOCOL
 Government of Norway
• Identified CDM projects with priorities;
• Improved administrative capacity in regard to better understanding of
CDM projects in relevant Ministries: Energy and Mining, Agriculture,
forestry and water management, Environmental Protection and
Economy and Regional Development;
• Public awareness raised in regard to understanding of CDM projects;
7
NATIONAL STRATEGY FOR INCORPORATION OF THE
REPUBLIC OF SERBIA INTO CLEAN DEVELOPMENT
REPUBLIC MECHANISM UNDER THE KYOTO
PROTOCOL
• Public awareness raised in regard to understanding of CDM projects;
• Strategy for incorporation of the Republic of Serbia into Clean
Development Mechanism under the Kyoto Protocol for agriculture,
forestry and waste sector developed;
• An integral National Strategy for incorporation of the Republic of
Serbia into Clean Development Mechanism under the Kyoto Protocol
that integrates CDM strategies for energy, agriculture, forestry and
waste sectors developed.
 Ministry of Energy and Mining - energy sector – July 2008.
8
Regional and cross-border
projects in climate change/energy
Milan Dacić, Director and PR with WMO
Republic Hydrometeorological Service
Jelena Cvetković, UNFCCC Focal Point
Belgrade Climate Change Initiative
The Belgrade Initiative on Climate Change will foster the cooperation at sub-regional,
regional and international level having in mind the goals of the UNFCCC, particularly its
Nairobi Work Programme related to impacts, vulnerability and adaptation to climate
change. The aim of the Initiative will be achieved through the following recommendations:
1.
2.
3.
Recommendation 1: Developing SEE Climate Change Framework Action Plan (SEE/CCFAP) for
the implementation of the UNFCCC Capacity Building Framework and Article 5 and Article 6 of
the Convention, together with its Nairobi Work Programme;
Recommendation 2: Establishment of a Sub-regional Virtual Climate Change Centre in Belgrade
for Research and Systematic Observation, Education, Training and Public Awareness, and
Capacity Building, in order to support the coordination of activities under the SEE Regional
Climate Change Framework Action Plan; and
Recommendation 3: Developing partnerships with relevant regional and international
organisations and conventions in undertaking activities specified in the Recommendations 1 and
2.
Follow up to the Initiative
•
•
CCFAP Project financed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Norway;
Kick-off meeting “Preparation of the Climate Change Framework Action Plan for the SEE Region (SEE/CCFAP)”,
Belgrade, 17-18 April 2008.
Summary of Discussions
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Participants at the meeting have accepted the draft outline of the Framework Climate Change Action Plan for SEE
(SEE/CCFAP) – strategic focus, priority actions and programs (Framework for Climate Change Policy Action Plan);
The following recommendation has been adopted: the representatives of the competent institutions of the countries
participating at the initial meeting in Belgrade 17-18 Aril 2008 (National Focal Point for UNFCCC, representatives of
national hydrometeorological services and the Team Leader for vulnerability and adaptation studies), should within a
month prepare their contribution with the view to finalizing the Action Plan CCFAP laid down under item 1. These
activities will be implemented within the funds available donated by the Kingdom of Norway and through the Regional
Environmental Centre – REC.
The recommendation has been approved related to preparation of a draft cross-border project aimed at
developing a detailed Regional Climate Change Action Plan for SEE including draft measures, a list of priority
projects, dynamics of their implementation, as well as estimate of funds required for their implementation;
The suggestion of the Ministry of Environmental Protection of the Republic of Serbia has been accepted, to prepare the
draft cross-border project laid down in par. 3 as soon as possible and distribute it to the participants for their
consideration and comments/suggestions. The draft project will be presented at the REReP meeting in Brussels in May
2008 by a representative from the Republic of Serbia.
The recommentation related to national focal points has been adopted – namely that the NFPs of the participating
countries should meet twice a year in the course of UNFCCC sessions, for consultations concerning the preparation and
implementation of CCFAP, programmes, projects and other subregional activities in the area of climate change. Also,
another proposal has been accepted that the representatives of hydrometeorological services of the CCFAP participating
countries should regularly meet twice a year in order to monitor the implementation of the common activities in the area
of climate change.
The suggestion that the participants in the kick-off meeting in Belgrade, 17-18 April 2008, perform the function of an
Interim International Council of the «Subregional, Virtual Climate Change Related Centre for Research and Systematic
Observation, Education, Training, Public Awareness and Capacity Building» has been adopted; this will continue until
the adoption of the Statute and the Rules of procedures of the Centre.
Regional and cross-border
projects in climate change/energy
At the April meeting, participating countries concluded that it is necessary to provide additional funds in
order to create detailed Action Plan for strategic programme focuses with proposed measures and projects. In
that context, the meeting adopted the conclusion that a new cross-border project should be formulated and
presented to potential donors at the REReP session in Brusselles, 22-23 May 2008. Therefore, this Project
Concept on Development of detailed Regional Climate Change Action Plan for SEE (CCFAP) with
prioritised adaptation measures, was made as a result of the conclusions of participating countries at the
mentioned kick-off meeting held in Belgrade in April 2008.
Proposal:
Project title: “Development of Regional Climate Change Action Plan for SEE (CCFAP) with prioritised
adaptation measures”
Estimated starting date: July 2008
Estimated end date: September 2009
Lead: All interested SEE countries
Proposed Executing Agency: REC in cooperation with SEE Subregional Virtual Climate Change Center
(SEEVCCC)
Project Manager: To be designated/Contact person: Jelena Cvetković, MoE Serbia
Project Site: South Eastern Europe
Proposed beneficiary countries: Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, FYR Macedonia, Montenegro,and Serbia
PRIORITY AREA
Capacity building and policy development in adaptation to climate change
Regional and cross-border
projects in climate change/energy (cntd)
Objectives:
• The primary objective of this project is to assist the SEE countries in
Development of detailed Regional Climate Change Action Plan for SEE
(CCFAP) with prioritised adaptation measures that can help countries and
communities in addressing adaptation to climate change. Employing extensive
participatory approach in its drafting, this Action Plan will include a
prioritization of adaptation measures and projects proposal and provide a
sustainable path forward for beneficiary SEE countries.
• To assist the Ministries of Environment in setting up priorities in adaptation to
climate change thorough regional cross-border project endorsed by the countries
in the REReP and its implementation in the framework of the REReP;
• To maintain donors coordination in implementation of the REReP regional
projects in the field of climate change.
Regional and cross-border
projects in climate change/energy (cntd)
Project Outputs:
•
•
•
•
•
Agreed framework for collaboration in a form of detailed Regional Climate Change
Action Plan, outlining medium- and long-term priorities of the SEE countries in
adaptation (including a regional adaptation investment strategy) aimed at increasing
economic resilience and reducing reliance on vulnerable economic and other sectors;
Enhanced capacity at regional, national, sectoral and local levels to further identify and
understand impacts, vulnerability, and adaptation responses, and to select and
implement practical, effective and high priority adaptation actions;
Enhanced development, dissemination and use of knowledge from practical
adaptation activities;
Enhanced cooperation among countries, relevant organizations, business, civil society,
and decision makers, aimed at enhancing their ability to manage climate change risks;
and
enhanced integration of actions to adapt to climate change with sustainable
development.
Regional and cross-border
projects in climate change/energy (cntd)
INITIAL PROJECT BUDGET
Project duration: 15 month
•
Year 1: 780,000 EUR
Year 2: 195,000 EUR
TOTAL: 975,000 EUR
Planned cross-border projects:
1.
2.
3.
4.
GCOS Capacity building in Regional downscaling and modeling
Capacity building for regional planning (regional CDM projects)
Strengthening of the NMHSs in the SEE “Meteorological and
Hydrological Information Sharing – Status, needs, capacity buildng”
DEVELOPMENT AND UPGRADING OF
HYDROMETEOROLOGICAL INFORMATION & FLOOD
WARNING/FORECASTING SYSTEM IN THE SAVA RIVER BASIN WB/ISDR/WMO SEEDRMI (Disaster Risk Management Initiative)
HYDROMET INITIATIVE (SAVA PROJECT COMPONENT)
Ongoing projects:
•
SINTA and Adricosm, Italy;
•
SEE CCFAP, Norway, …
•
…
STATUS UNDER UNFCCC
 Non-Annex I
 GEF/UNDP project: ,,Enabling Activities for the Preparation of Serbia’s
Initial National Communication to the United Nations Framework Convention
on Climate Change-UNFCCC“
(a) Compilation of the national greenhouse gases inventory - SEPA
• Government of Greece;
• Government of Italy;
• REC Project “Capacity Building for Improving the Quality of Greenhouse
Gas Inventories (Europe/CIS Region)”
(b) An update of analysis of potential measures to abate the increase in
greenhouse gas emissions - MME
• Energy Sector Development Strategy by 2015 and Programme for
implementation;
• National CDM Strategy…
17
(c) A vulnerability assessment and analysis of adaptation options – RHMS
• Government of Italy;
• SINTA project;
• GEF Enabling Activity Project “Serbia National Capacity Self Assessment”;
• Adaptation for forestry sector…
18
 Establish Project team;
Cooperation with all relevant institution improved;
Proposed time for realization – end of 2009.
19