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Transcript
National Seminar
UNFCCC CoP 16 and Bangladesh perspective
13 November 2010
Cancun Conference and Climate Justice
www.equitybd.org
Objective of the seminar
Raise critical mass awareness
Raise CSO concern on government position
Opposing counter force to climate justice
A section of donors investing money to develop a naïve approach that
Bangladeshi’s should not join growing global popular climate justice
movement, based on claiming reparation of climate debt and mother
earth rights.
Cancun Conference and Climate Justice
Bangaldesh is the ground zero of climate impacts
One third of land especially coastal districts will be submerged
30 millions will be climate forced migrants
35 % production loss in crop
Increase level of health hazards, especially fever and diarrhoeal disease,
Multifold increase of cyclone and floods
Increased level of saline water intrusion as natural flow of rivers are
hindered by upper riparian states,
by the year 2035 Himalayan glaciers which is the major source of
drinking water will completely melt,
Cancun Conference and Climate Justice
Bangladesh is not at all responsible for this
Per capita carbon emission 0.3 tons While per capita carbon
emission of the citizens of developed countries 20 to 23 tons
This historical responsibility has accepted
and agreed by them as annex 1
countries.
Cancun Conference and Climate Justice
What is global climate change scenario?
Cancun Conference and Climate Justice
What is the survival theories for planet, plant is rally in perils
Survival theories
-
Hold the increase in global temperature
below 1.5 Celsius.
Target concentration of GHGs in
atmosphere of no more than 350 ppm.
Hold peaking of GHG emission by 2015
Reduce GHG emissions by 45 % at 1990
level by 2020
Reduce GHG emission by 95 % at 1990
level by 2050
Provide 200 billion US $ to LDCs per year
through UNFCCC for climate change
adaptation.
Cancun Conference and Climate Justice
Dillema / Contradiction
-
-
-
Developed and emerging economics
countries not agreeing less then 2 Celsius
Still it is within 400 to 435 ppm, no serious
try out.
Different countries especially developed
and emerging economics giving their own
accounts target and definitions.
Even there is hardly any developed country
effort implement Copenhagen consensus on
of financing.
US and other seriously trying to canalized
funding through IFI’s ( WB , ADB ).
Latest progress in CC negotiation
Bali (2007) road map: Focus on the legal bindings, where worked
two ad-hoc working group (AWG-LCA and AWG-KP) for searching
long term cooperative actions for countries in terms of mitigation,
adaptation and financing and also review the Kyoto Protocol that will
be run beyond 2012 but not materialized.
CoP-15 Copenhagen: Accord of discord because;
A political decision that will never support the Bali Road Map
Not legally binding on commitment on emission reduction and finance
even LDCs benefits are not clear in case of future funds
Level of funding not commensurate with developing countries need
Cancun Conference and Climate Justice
Cancun CoP 16 scenario: what would be happened?
No accord again, as there are no US Congress
legislation, again heading toward to South Africa
A relative consensus on financing mechanism for
climate adaptation.
Cancun Conference and Climate Justice
Bangladesh effort in climate fund, action plan delegation approach and composition
Demand on compensation, basically there no much difference with
CSO demands
Appreciate demand on climate migrants rights ; it has a lot of passive
positive implications,
Costing and consultant dependency questionable
Is really Bangladesh delegation can make any differences, then best
approach is to give effort to global public attention, its needed
cooperation with CSOs,
Cancun Conference and Climate Justice
Bangladesh effort in climate fund, action plan delegation approach and composition
In home front, if we will be unable to show democratic ownership,
transparent and accountable use of climate funds then, we will loose
credibility in getting development aid,
Latest decision and management of climate change trust fund
discouraging, no donor fund placement of any donor in resilience
fund,
We appreciate decision on MDTF / resilience fund, but we are
doubtful on so called technical assistance from world bank,
No tangible implementation and political coordination in BCCSAP
Cancun Conference and Climate Justice
People centric approach
Cochabamba to Cancun
Bolivia’s president proposal to prepare mother earth rights.
April people conference in Cochabamba on Peoples Charter ;
Reparation of ecological debt
Mother earth rights
Global citizen rights on planet global public rights,
Rights for climate migrants
Regeneration, rights of the global citizen on global public goods.
Cancun Conference and Climate Justice
People centric approach
Is UNFCCC is representing common global public interest;
Is not legitimizing the carbon trade which is a false solution
Is it not legitimizing that developed countries will not due compensation or
reparation of ecological debt of developed countries,
Is not legitimizing the new market development of MNCs in the name of green
technology transfer,
Is it not strengthening existing mode production and ownership structure, which
is being proving repeatedly fails
Cancun Conference and Climate Justice
People centric approach
Is UNFCCC is representing common global public interest;
Is it not the fact that it is necessary difference global governance or voting
system to bound so called global leaders to reach an agreement.
So, it is needed continuous effort for social and political mobilization on
alternative social and economic paradigm, strengthening the voice for
SYSTEM CHANGE NOT CLIMATE CHANGE and REPARATION FOR
CLIMATE DEBT.
Cancun Conference and Climate Justice
Thank You All
www.equitybd.org