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Transcript
ATM/p53 Signaling Pathway
SIGMA-ALDRICH
ATM/p53 Signaling Pathway
The ataxia telangiectasia-mutated gene (ATM) encodes a protein kinase that acts as a
tumor suppressor. ATM activation, via IR damage to DNA, stimulates DNA repair and blocks
cell cycle progression. One mechanism through which this occurs is ATM dependent
phosphorylation of p53. p53 can cause growth arrest of the cell at a checkpoint to allow for
DNA damage repair or can cause the cell to undergo apoptosis if the damage cannot be
repaired. The critical role of p53 is evident by the fact that it is mutated in over 50% of all
human cancers.