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Name ____________________________________
Cells and Cell Processes Review Sheet
Date _______ Period ____________
Part 1 Directions: Fill in the blanks.
1. The structures inside cells that carry out life activities are called ____________________________________.
2. For a – q, Identify the cell organelle or part described. Identify the type of cell it is located in (PLANT, ANIMAL, or BOTH).
a. Controls all cell activities. ______________________________________________________
b. Produces ATP. ______________________________________________________
c. Produces ribosomes. ______________________________________________________
d. Stores materials. ______________________________________________________
e. Produces food (glucose) for plant cell. ______________________________________________________
Nonliving part of a plant cell. ______________________________________________________
g. Transports materials throughout the cell. ______________________________________________________
h. Regulates what enters and leaves the cell. ______________________________________________________
Gelatin-like material that holds cell organelles. ______________________________________________________
Produce proteins. ______________________________________________________
k. Contains DNA. ______________________________________________________
Where aerobic respiration occurs. ______________________________________________________
m. Outer layer that is rigid and protects the plant cell. ___________________________________________________
n. Where photosynthesis occurs. ______________________________________________________
o. Selectively permeable. ______________________________________________________
p. Where anaerobic respiration occurs. _______________________________________________________
q. Help in cell division in animal cells. ___________________________________________________
3. The type of respiration that REQUIRES OXYGEN is called ___________________________________________________.
4. The type of respiration that DOES NOT REQUIRE OXYGEN is called __________________________________________.
5. Another name for anaerobic respiration is _____________________________________.
6. The type of anaerobic respiration that occurs in muscle cells and bacteria is called _________________________________.
The type of anaerobic respiration that occurs in yeast is called ______________________________________________.
8. A raw material for BOTH aerobic and anaerobic respiration is _____________________________________.
9. When lactic acid fermentation occurs in muscle cells, ___________________________________occurs.
10. A product of alcoholic fermentation in yeast used for baking is ________________________________________.
11. The products of lactic acid fermentation in bacteria can be used to produce
12. _______________________ transport occurs when substances move from a high concentration to a low concentration.
13. Active transport requires ___________________________ to move substances from a low to high concentration.
14. Two types of passive transport are __________________________________ and _______________________________.
15. ______________________________ is the movement of WATER from a high to low concentration.
16. Diffusion ends when _____________________________________ is reached.
Part 2 Directions: Write your answers in the spaces provided.
17. Use the diagrams below to answer questions a. Identify the picture that represents passive transport. Support your
b. Identify the picture that represents active transport. Support your
c. Circle the picture that requires energy.
18. Place the following levels of organization from least complex to most complex: tissues, organelle, systems, cells, organism,
19. Use the diagrams below to answer questions a-d.
a. Identify the labeled structures on the diagrams above.
b. Circle the animal cell.
c. Describe the difference between plant cells and animal cells in regard to vacuoles.
d. Describe the location of the cell wall compared to the cell membrane.
20. Use the equations below to answer questions a - f.
C6H12O6 lactic acid + CO2 + energy
C6H12O6 + O2  CO2 + H2O + energy
a. Identify process A. ______________________________________________________
b. Identify process B. ______________________________________________________
c. How much energy is produced in process A? ___________________
d. How much energy is produced in process B? ___________________
e. Where does process A occur in a cell? ______________________________________
Where does process B occur in a cell? ________________________________________