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National policy framework
for increasing resilience
towards the adverse impacts of
climate change
Monday February 6, 2017
Yara Daou
Climate change projects
UNDP – Ministry of Environment
How vulnerable
is Lebanon
Future climate risks
Moderate case scenario – mid century
▣ 1.2˚C warming and up to 3.2°C by 2100
▣ 4% decrease in precipitation, up to 5.8
mm decrease in average monthly
▣ Temperature and precipitation extremes
will also intensify causing the seasonal
prolongation and geographical expansion
of drought periods
▣ 15 additional days with maximum daily
temperature higher than 35°C
Impacts on Lebanon
▣ Less snow
▣ Less water availability
▣ Increase drought period
▣ Less agriculture productivity
▣ Higher energy demand
▣ Weakened tourism
▣ Sea level rise
▣ Forests at risk
▣ Increased mortality and morbidity
▣ Damaged infrastructure
Economic costs from climate change
impacts in 2040
Potential costs from cumulative effects of global GHG emissions
Potential savings in 2040 from reducing global GHG emissions to
the lowest emissions scenario
What about agriculture?
▣ The effects of climate change on five main
crop types: cereals, fruit trees, olives, industrial
crops, such as sugar beets and tobacco, and
vegetables, such as potatoes (a strategic crop).
How is Lebanon
planning to
Technology Needs Assessment –
adaptation in the agriculture sector
Conservation Agriculture
Risk Coping Production Systems
Selection of adapted varieties
and rootstocks
Rainwater harvesting from hill
Rainwater harvesting form roads
Integrated Pest Management
Rainwater harvesting from
greenhouse tops
Integrated Production and
Protection for greenhouses
Efficient water use irrigation
Early Warning System - ICT
Water users’ association
Index Insurance
Soilless agriculture
Early warning system through
snowpack monitoring
Use of treated wastewater in
Strategy of the Ministry of Agriculture
Intended Nationally Determined
Adaptation Plan
on the way
Any questions?
[email protected]
[email protected]