Download Vocabulary Terms Natural Selection and Modern Genetics

yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Ecology wikipedia, lookup

The Selfish Gene wikipedia, lookup

Sexual selection wikipedia, lookup

Sociobiology wikipedia, lookup

Acquired characteristic wikipedia, lookup

Saltation (biology) wikipedia, lookup

Organisms at high altitude wikipedia, lookup

Natural selection wikipedia, lookup

Evolutionary history of life wikipedia, lookup

Population genetics wikipedia, lookup

Hologenome theory of evolution wikipedia, lookup

The eclipse of Darwinism wikipedia, lookup

Inclusive fitness wikipedia, lookup

Koinophilia wikipedia, lookup

Introduction to evolution wikipedia, lookup

Vocabulary Terms
Natural Selection and Modern Genetics
1. species: A group of similar organisms that can mate and produce fertile offspring.
2. population: Members of the same species that live in the same geographical area.
3. gene pool: The total number of genes of every individual in an interbreeding population.
4. variation: Any difference among organisms of the same species.
5. mutations: Random changes in the genetic code; may be helpful or harmful.
6. adaptation: A genetic variation that provides an organism with an advantage to survive and
reproduce in its environment.
7. natural selection: Process by which individuals that are better adapted to the environment
are more likely to survive and reproduce than other members of the same species.
8. Charles Darwin: British naturalist who proposed the theory of evolution by natural selection.
9. extinction: The disappearance of all members of a species from Earth.
10. selective breeding: A form of artificial selection where a few organisms with desired traits are
selected to serve as parents to produce offspring with these desired traits.
11. domesticated: A plant or animal that has been trained or adapted to live with and be of use to
humans; not wild.
12. cloning: An organism that is genetically identical to the organism from which it was produced.
13. genetic engineering: Genes from one organism are transferred into the DNA of another
organism in order to produce an organism with desired traits.
14. theory: An idea that is the best explanation of many observations and helps make new