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Objective 11
• TSWBAT describe the structure and function of
the cell wall.
Plant cells are encased by cell walls
• The cell wall, found in prokaryotes, fungi, and some
protists, has multiple functions.
• In plants, the cell wall protects the cell, maintains its
shape, and prevents excessive uptake of water.
• It also supports the plant against the force of gravity.
• The thickness and chemical composition of cell
walls differs from species to species and among cell
Copyright © 2002 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings
• The basic design consists of microfibrils of cellulose
embedded in a matrix of proteins and other
• This is like steel-reinforced concrete or fiberglass.
• A mature cell wall consists of a primary cell wall, a
middle lamella with sticky polysaccharides that
holds cell together, and layers of secondary cell
Fig. 7.28
Copyright © 2002 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings
Intracellular junctions help integrate cells
into higher levels of structure and function
• Neighboring cells in tissues, organs, or organ
systems often adhere, interact, and communicate
through direct physical contact.
• Plant cells are perforated with plasmodesmata,
channels allowing cysotol to pass between cells.
Fig. 7.28 inset
Copyright © 2002 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings