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Transcript
Climate Change Related Activities in
Romania
Dumitra MEREUTA
Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development
- June 2007, Bucharest -
Current Situation and Legal Framework
UNFCCC – signed in 1992 at Rio Earth Summit
– ratified in 1994 by Law 24
Kyoto Protocol – signed in 1999
– ratified in 2001 by Law 3
Romania – first Annex I country to ratify the Kyoto Protocol
Target – 8% reduction of GHG emissions; 1989 base year
G.D. no. 645/2005 - approving National Strategy on Climate Change
G.D. no. 1877/2005 - approving National Action Plan on Climate Change
G.D. no. 658/2006 reorganization of the National Commission on Climate Change
(NCCC) inter-ministerial consultative body, coordinated by MESD – promoting all
necessary actions in accordance with UNFCCC and KP
G.D. no. 780/2006 establishing the greenhouse gases emissions trading scheme and
the subsequent legislations
Institutional Framework
Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development - National Focal Point,
coordinating the strategies and policies on climate change, EU ETS
National Agency for Environmental Protection - implementing strategies and policies on
climate change, GHG inventories, EU ETS implementation
National Administration for Meteorology - vulnerability, impact, and adaptation measures
to climate change
National Environmental Fund Administration - GHG emissions reduction projects
database, GIS funds administrator
National Commission on Climate Change - advising the Minister of Environment on policy
decisions, actions and measures for applying the UNFCCC and KP provisions
Local EPAs, research institutes, universities, NGOs, companies
GHG National Inventory
December 2002 – first submission of the inventories for the period 1992-2000 in the required
format (CRF and NIR)
UNFCCC Secretariat organized in 2003 the first ever review of the National GHG Inventory of
Romania (in-country review)
May 2005 – submission of the recalculated inventories for the period 1989-2003 using the new
reporting tool - CRF Reporter
300.000
Gg CO2 equiv.
250.000
200.000
150.000
100.000
50.000
Total (excluding net carbon
dioxide from LULUCF)
Kyoto target
0
9
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
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198 199 199 199 199 199 199 199 199 199 199 200 200 200 200 200 200
National Strategy on Climate Change
National Strategy on Climate Change (NSCC) outlines Romania’s policies in
meeting the international commitments under the UNFCCC and the Kyoto Protocol
as well as Romania’s national priorities in climate change
NSCC also specifies the environmental and economic benefits for participating in
the flexible mechanisms under the Kyoto Protocol, namely Joint Implementation
(JI) and International Emissions Trading (IET)
Implementing the climate change activities necessary for Romania’s accession to
the EU and for participating in the EU Emissions Trading Scheme
National Action Plan on Climate Change
Represents the main tool to implement the National Strategy on Climate Change
Establishing the progresses in the implementation process
Concrete measures for the period 2005-2007 in order to achieve the fulfillment of the
NSCC objectives
Assigning the responsibilities for the involved institutions
Identifying the main institutions responsible for each specific action
Clearly state the deadlines for the actions to be undertaken
Identifying the financial sources for developing NAPCC actions
EU Energy- Climate Change package
In line with the Strategic EU Energy Review, the
following concrete actions will ensure a competitive,
more sustainable and secure energy system and a
significant reduction of GHG emissions in the EU by
2020:
Improve the EU’s energy efficiency by 20 % by 2020
Increase the share of renewable energy to 20 % by
2020.
EU Energy- Climate Change package
30% greenhouse gas reduction target 1990 - 2020 on
the condition that other industrialized countries also
commit themselves to greenhouse gas reductions and
that the more advances developing countries take
similar measures.
if no global agreement is reached for reductions of
greehouse gas emissions, the EU-27 will in any case
reduce with 20% in the period 1990 - 2020.
The promotion of the use of biofuels
The main objective - pollution reduction
The national indicative targets for Romania are:
 by the end of 2010 - 5,75%, calculated on the basis of energy content, of all petrol and diesel for
transport purpose placed on the market;
 by 2020 - 10%, calculated on the basis of energy content, of all petrol and diesel for transport purpose
placed on the market.
Romania transposed the Directive 2003/30/EC by Governmental Decision no. 1844/2005 on
promoting the utilisation of biofuels and other renewable fuels for transport
The objective of 5,75% was established by the Governmental Decision no. 456/2007, which set
gradual targets for biofuels content in fuel content for operators who place fuels on the market.
The Ministry of Economy and Finance has carried out a set of actions aiming at promoting the
use of biofuels and other renewable fuels.
National Action Plan on Adaptation to Climate
Change (NAPACC)
Objectives:
to prepare a useful instrument for climate change policy makers and also for sectoral
policy makers
to ensure that adequate consideration of adaptation is paid during sectoral planning
and regulation
to help vulnerable sectors and also population to adapt to climate change
to built capacity on adaptation and to reduce the costs of the climate change impacts
Contents:
Describing climate change and its impacts, as well as assessing the sensitivity of
sectors
Assessing current adaptive capacity, vulnerability and opportunities associated with
climate change
Presenting actions that should be taken immediately (such as research and
development) and policies for future actions
www.mmediu.ro → Departamentul de mediu → Schimbari
Climatice
www.eu-ets.ro