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Transcript
National Climate Change Stakeholder
Consultations
(Pre-COP 21 preparation and Communication of South
Africa’s INDC)
Climate Change and Air Quality
Project Inception Meetings with Provinces
Gauteng Climate Change Forum – 24 June
2015
TABLE OF CONTENTS
•
•
•
•
•
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•
•
•
Purpose of the presentation
Policy Context
Background
UNFCCC decisions informing work on INDCs
What is an INDC?
Why is it important?
What considerations will be taken in putting together our INDC
Work scope on adaptation
What process has been followed thus far?
2
PURPOSE OF THE PRESENTATION
• To present the on the concept of Intended Nationally Determined
Contributions (INDCs).
• To source inputs on the preparations for the planned stakeholder
consultation.
3
NATIONAL POLICY CONTEXT
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Constitution
National Climate Change Response Policy (NCCRP)
NEMA
National Development Plan – vision 2030 (NDP)
The New Growth Path (NGP)
Industrial Policy Action Plans (IPAP)
Government priorities
Integrated Resource Plan (IRP)
4
Background
• The international negotiation of a new legal agreement under the
UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) that is
applicable to all for the period from 2020 onwards is scheduled to be
completed by December 2015 at COP 21 in Paris;
• 1/CP.19 para 2b invited all Parties to initiate Intended Nationally
Determined Contributions;
• 1/CP.20 (Lima call for climate action) para14 provided Further
guidance on type of Information;
• Communicate INDCs well in advance of COP 21;
• South Africa has initiated the process of researching and preparing
its nationally determined contribution,
for consultation and
engagement with national stakeholders, prior to submission in
advance of the Paris COP 21”.
WHAT IS AN INDC?
• It is the country’s intended contribution, determined by the country nationally, it is a contribution towards meeting the global goal.
• Puts forward what countries can do post 2020 as part of their
contributions in responding to the climate change challenge.
• It is integral to the 2015 agreement – to be concluded at COP 21 in
Paris.
• 1/CP. 17: Durban Platform for Enhanced Action called for Enhanced
action respective to: mitigation, adaptation and the provision of finance,
technology and capacity-building support.
• 1/CP.19 Para 2b – on “national homework”
• Assessment of the aggregated INDC after 1st of October versus the
global goal of 2 degrees relative to pre-industrial era.
6
WHY IS IT IMPORTANT?
• Mitigation, adaptation, socio-economic elements (clean jobs,
sustainable economic growth, transformation i.t.o jobs, rural-urban
migration etc.).
• Emissions levels influencing temperature increases – have
disproportionate effects to the developing countries.
• INDC has to be country driven as the implementation of the
commitment will ultimately be done at a local and provincial levels.
• It could be binding – subject to the level of ambition projected,
especially by developed countries/ durability of the 2015 agreement.
• Each country will be expected to report in future on progress made
against its INDC.
• South Africa subscribes to the idea of a multilateral rules based
regime, presenting an INDC is a testament to this idea.
• Implementing the INDC will require an effort across sectors of the
economy.
7
WHY IS IT IMPORTANT: Headlines
“Even though Gauteng had reasonable amounts of rain over the weekend, it was enough. Farmers
are suggesting that the continued dry weather could lead to substantial increases in food prices over
the next 12 months.”
“According to the KZN Department of Agriculture, there are several steps that one can take to
manage weeds, pests and diseases. These are basic steps that one can do while waiting for a
professional assistance .To manage pests in vegetable crops, the department suggests that one must
select a cultivar with resistance to or reasonable tolerance of the diseases or nematodes found in
your area.”
“Renewable or alternative energy is the way to go as it has less or no emissions, it reduce negative
climate change impact and reduces electricity pressure from the grid.”
“Basa njengoMagogo, Mbawulas”
“Large parts of the country’s summer-grain production region, notably North West and the eastern
and northern Free State, have experienced crippling dry conditions amid extreme temperatures since
the start of the year.”
8
STRUCTURE OF SA’s INDC
Fairness of
the INDC
Required effort:
informed by LTG
a-INDC
Planning and
policy
aspirational
objectives
Adaptation
needs and costs
Adaptation
investments in
past 5 years
m-INDC
Planning to
implement PPD
Definition of
trajectories
MoI for
mitigation
Mitigation effort
Adaptation
effort
9
SCOPE OF WORK ON ADAPTATION
INDC
a-INDC
Planning and
policy
aspirational
objectives
Adaptation
needs and costs
Adaptation
investments in
past 5 years
• Look at existing policy, strategy and implementation process; Required
policy and governance arrangements to deal with adaptation efforts;
Aspirational goals for consideration of adaptation in development
planning.
• Adaptation needs and costs based on priority adaptation sectors and
selected extreme weather events [refer to matrix]
• Identify programmes and projects being implemented, including those
that may be necessary for the period 2020-2030 - quantify adaptation
investments in the last 5 years
10
SA INDC Preparation
Briefings to the
Parliamentary
Portfolio
Committee on
Environmental
Affairs
Engagement
with Organized
Business
InterGovernmental
Consultations
(IGCCC)
South
Africa’s
INDC
Provincial
Stakeholder
Consultations
(Multistakeholder)
Presentations to
Cluster and
Cabinet
Research
DEA Project Team
Ms Judy Beaumont
DDG:CC&AQM
Outreach Programme
Managers
Mr Maesela Kekana
Chief Director: International
Climate Change Negotiations
Mr Stephan Paulus
GIZ: Climate Support
Programme
Project Sponsor
(Provincial
Conferences
Mr Mkhuthazi
Steleki
Directo: Climate Change
Development and
International Mechanisms
(Provincial
Conferences – Project
Manager)
Ms Dineo Ngobeni
Director: Office of the DDG
Project co-ordinator
Ms Irene Koenze
Deputy Director: Admin
Support
Project Administration
Objectives…
Partnering with provinces to:
•Raise public awareness around climate;
•Information and consultation on United Nations
Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
negotiations and Paris COP 21;
•Consultation on SA’s Intended National Determined
Contribution to the global effort on GHG reduction and
adaptation;
•Showcase South Africa’s climate change response efforts
at local, provincial and national levels.
Arrangements for Stakeholder
Engagement Event
• Proposed that Provinces lead the process, in partnership with DEA.
• Focused Stakeholder Consultation / Public Meeting/Imbizo format
proposed, with media participation
• Scheduled from end of June – August 2015;
• Limited funding secured through GIZ to cover some costs for the
conferences;
• Proposed that organising task team be set up for each Provincial
meeting, including reps from Province, DEA, GIZ
- for logistical and content preparations;
- provide budget for major costs (venues, transportation, etc).
Required Outcomes for Inception
Meeting
1. Briefing to province on INDCs and process
2. Establishment of Provincial Project Steering Committee
3. Confirmation of Roles and Responsibilities
4. Selection of 3 proposed provincial dates
5. Identification of proposed host Municipality to guide venue
selection
6. Discussion of Budget contributions
The next steps
Intra-province
co-ordination
Establishment of
the provincial
steering
committee and
finalisation of
project plan
Briefings to
Provincial
principals and
approvals
DEA – Province
Co-Ordination
and preparation
Hosting of
provincial
stakeholder
consultation