Download Structure: strong, stiff, nonliving layer outside of the cell membrane

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Transcript
Structure: strong, stiff, nonliving layer
outside of the cell membrane (only
in plants and made of cellulose)
Function: protects cell and helps cell
maintain its shape
Found: Plant Cells Only
Structure: thin, flexible outer
covering of animal cell; found just
inside cell wall in plant cells
Function: regulates movement of
materials in and out of the cell.
Found: Plant & Animal Cells
Structure: region between the nucleus
and the cell membrane; consists of a
jellylike substance that contains many
organelles.
Function: Holds all the subcellular
organelles in place
Found: Plant & Animal Cells
Structure: membrane bound structure
that contains the cell’s DNA; controls
cell’s growth and reproduction.
Function: Controls all cell activity
Found: Plant & Animal Cells
Structure: dark spot in the nucleus
Function: produces ribosomes
Found: Plant & Animal Cells
Structure: One of a set of structures
found in the nucleus; made of
DNA, plus some protein
Function: contains DNA which
carries hereditary/genetic
information
Found: Plant & Animal Cells
Structure: double folded membranes
Function: transportation of proteins
and lipids (fat) throughout the cell
Found: Plant & Animal Cells
Structure: Small, grainlike body
made primarily of RNA; may be
attached to ER or floating free in
cytoplasm; produced in nucleus
Function: where proteins are made
Found: Plant & Animal Cells
Structure: Rod-shaped organelle;
located in the cytoplasm; has a
smooth outer membrane & a greatly
folded inner membrane
Function: “Powerhouse” that converts
sugar into energy.
Found: Plant & Animal Cells
Structure: fluid filled sac
Function: storage of food or water
Found: Plant & Animal Cells
Structure: membrane bound
organelle that contains digestive
enzymes.
Function: digestion; get rid of waste
Found: Animal, rare in plant
Structure: double membrane organelle;
performs photosynthesis; contains
chlorophyll which is green;
Function: Captures energy in sunlight
and uses it to produce food.
Found: Plant Cell Only