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Transcript
Lymphatic System Vocabulary Practice Test
Matching:
Answer Statement
1. another name for a white blood cell. They are less numerous than red blood
cells & are crucial to the body’s defense against disease.
Term
a. Autoimmune
Disease:
2. (a type of lymphoid organ) acts as a blood reservoir, that filters blood of
bacteria, viruses, & other debris & is located in the left side of the abdominal
cavity & curls around the anterior aspect of the stomach.
b. Lymphocytes:
3. fluid accumulation within the tissues that causes swelling. (medical name for
swelling)
c. Thymus:
4. a cell that engulfs a foreign particle that may be dangerous to that cell, much
the way an amoeba ingests a food particle. Ex. Macrophage or neutrophil.
d. . Fever:
5. are found in the walls of the small intestine & contain macrophages that
capture & destroy bacteria; resemble tonsils,
e. Cytotoxic T
cell:
6. cells that help make antibodies & oversee humoral immunity. (also called B
cells):
f. Phagocytes:
7. cells that slow or stops the activity of B & T cells once the infection has been
conquered
g. Edema:
8. also called immunoglobulins; They make the gamma globulin part of blood
proteins & are made by B cells.
h. Leukocytes:
9. type of immunity naturally obtained during bacterial & viral infections where
you develop symptoms of the disease & suffer a little while & then recover.
i. Allergies:
10. systemic response triggered by pyrogens; Normal body temperature is
regulated by the hypothalamus.
j. Spleen:
11. B cell clone cell that does not become plasma cells become long-lived ___
cells capable of responding to the same antigen at later meetings or second
encounters.
k. Pus:
12. another name for a lymph cell. It is important to your immune system. Two
types are B & T cells.
l. First Line of
Defense:
13. (a type of lymphoid organ) functions at peak levels only during youth, found
in the throat overlying the heart. It produces hormones that cause T cell
maturation.
m. Antibodies:
14. is any substance capable of exciting our immune system & causing an
immune response. (Pathogen’s name tag.)
n. Active
Immunity:
1
15. fire chemicals secreted by WBC’s exposed to foreign substances in the body
which causes the normal body temperature to increase
16. is a mixture of dead or dying neutrophils, broken-down tissue cells, & living
& dead pathogens. (prefix=pyo).
o. B
lymphocytes
p. Suppressor T
Cell:
17. (also called hypersensitivities) are abnormally vigorous immune responses
which causes tissue damage as it fights off a perceived “threat” that would
otherwise be harmless to the body.
q. Pyrogens:
18. (also called a Killer T cell) it kills virus-invaded body cells, as well as body
cells that have become cancerous; & ia involved in graft rejection.
r. Peyer’s
Patches:
19. condition where the immune system loses its ability to distinguish friend
from foe & attack or damage the body’s own tissues. Ex. MS, Graves disease,
Rheumatoid arthritis
s. Memory
Cells:
20. a nonspecific protective response against invading pathogens includes
undamaged skin, tears, & mucous membranes.
t. Antigens:
2