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Lymphatic System Vocabulary Practice Test
Answer Statement
1. another name for a white blood cell. They are less numerous than red blood
cells & are crucial to the body’s defense against disease.
a. Autoimmune
2. (a type of lymphoid organ) acts as a blood reservoir, that filters blood of
bacteria, viruses, & other debris & is located in the left side of the abdominal
cavity & curls around the anterior aspect of the stomach.
b. Lymphocytes:
3. fluid accumulation within the tissues that causes swelling. (medical name for
c. Thymus:
4. a cell that engulfs a foreign particle that may be dangerous to that cell, much
the way an amoeba ingests a food particle. Ex. Macrophage or neutrophil.
d. . Fever:
5. are found in the walls of the small intestine & contain macrophages that
capture & destroy bacteria; resemble tonsils,
e. Cytotoxic T
6. cells that help make antibodies & oversee humoral immunity. (also called B
f. Phagocytes:
7. cells that slow or stops the activity of B & T cells once the infection has been
g. Edema:
8. also called immunoglobulins; They make the gamma globulin part of blood
proteins & are made by B cells.
h. Leukocytes:
9. type of immunity naturally obtained during bacterial & viral infections where
you develop symptoms of the disease & suffer a little while & then recover.
i. Allergies:
10. systemic response triggered by pyrogens; Normal body temperature is
regulated by the hypothalamus.
j. Spleen:
11. B cell clone cell that does not become plasma cells become long-lived ___
cells capable of responding to the same antigen at later meetings or second
k. Pus:
12. another name for a lymph cell. It is important to your immune system. Two
types are B & T cells.
l. First Line of
13. (a type of lymphoid organ) functions at peak levels only during youth, found
in the throat overlying the heart. It produces hormones that cause T cell
m. Antibodies:
14. is any substance capable of exciting our immune system & causing an
immune response. (Pathogen’s name tag.)
n. Active
15. fire chemicals secreted by WBC’s exposed to foreign substances in the body
which causes the normal body temperature to increase
16. is a mixture of dead or dying neutrophils, broken-down tissue cells, & living
& dead pathogens. (prefix=pyo).
o. B
p. Suppressor T
17. (also called hypersensitivities) are abnormally vigorous immune responses
which causes tissue damage as it fights off a perceived “threat” that would
otherwise be harmless to the body.
q. Pyrogens:
18. (also called a Killer T cell) it kills virus-invaded body cells, as well as body
cells that have become cancerous; & ia involved in graft rejection.
r. Peyer’s
19. condition where the immune system loses its ability to distinguish friend
from foe & attack or damage the body’s own tissues. Ex. MS, Graves disease,
Rheumatoid arthritis
s. Memory
20. a nonspecific protective response against invading pathogens includes
undamaged skin, tears, & mucous membranes.
t. Antigens: